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Before we go on with more adjustments, it's important to think about saving, because the whole saving thing around RAW files can be confusing. We've been editing this document in Photoshop, but when I look up at the name it still says CR2, because this was originally a RAW file. It was RAW data that was processed into colored pixels. There is no color in a RAW file. There is no actual visible pixel data in a RAW file. It's just a very strange collection of data that has to be converted into colored pixels, and that's what we have here is just a grid of colored pixels.
It still got the name of the RAW file, but actually, this set the data right here has not been saved anywhere. If I close this document and don't save, I can't get back to this, because if I open ApproachingStorm.CR2 again, well, that's my original RAW file. Because of the XMP file, it will still have the adjustments I made in Camera RAW, but it won't have any of these adjustment layers or anything. So right now, I'm basically working with an unsaved document. Anytime I go from a RAW file into Photoshop, it's going to be that way. I will - despite having a name, I'm working with unsaved document.
So I need to save it. We've already talked about how you can't say over the RAW file. Photoshop simply won't do that. But we do need now just to preserve our edits in case our computer crashes or something. We do need to save this file out, because we are going to want to continue working with it. And because as in a workflow I might want to save now, because I like these edits, and if I accidentally screw up the image, I will have a way of reverting back to this state. So I am going to go to the File menu and choose Save, and I get a standard Save dialog box.
Photoshop presents lots of different Format options. Now if this menu looks smaller than what you're used to, it's because we are in a 16-bit image right now, which you can see, and there are only certain file formats that support 16-bit. This menu is a little confusing, because actually a JPEG does not support 16-bit, and this is a new thing in Photoshop CS5, that JPEG is now option when you have a 16-bit image. What's nice is if I choose JPEG, Photoshop will automatically convert it 8 and then do a save. So this is really just a time-saving feature.
We don't want to save as JPEG, because that would be in 8-bit conversion, also because JPEG does not support layers, so all of our adjustment layers will go away, and there will be a lossy compression scheme applied to the image, which will degrade the quality of the image. We want to save in either Photoshop or TIFF format. Both are lossless formats. They both support adjustment layers. Which one to choose really just has to do with what you want to do with the image. TIFF files are typically more portable, if you are going to try to move to another editor, or maybe you're going to take this image into say a video editing program, or something like that.
Just because another application supports TIFF doesn't mean it supports a layered TIFF file. For our work, and for most your just personal work of working up an image and taking it to print or final electronic output, I recommend using Photoshop format, just because it works fine, it supports all the Photoshop features. There is no reason not to. So now if I hit Save, I am going to end up with ApproachingStorm.psd. So I am going to do that, add a version. We are going to replace that. It presents me with this Maximize Compatibility thing.
Just take the defaults. In fact, you can tell it Don't show that again, and now it will just go away. So it's going to write the file and when it's done, it's going to change the name of it up here, just as you would expect. There we go, ApproachingStorm.psd. I am not going to cover much more about saving throughout this course. I am going to assume that you kind of know what you are doing insofar as saving. You might want to save various versions of a document as you go along to save it in different states, because maybe you want to be able to go back to a particular state, and of course, you can do that with a Save As, and you will get the same dialog box.
You cannot ever save, though, as a RAW file, because this - you're not dealing with RAW data. RAW, again, it's got no color information. You're done with RAW now, until you go and start on a new image, or until you start this image over as a RAW file. So as we move along, you will be wanting to make sure that you save as Photoshop documents. If you go well, but ultimately, I know I want to e-mail a JPEG to someone, don't worry about that. You'll do a JPEG conversion at the very end, and we'll talk about that in the Output chapter.
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