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Saving your files is one of those basic things that you have to do all the time. There are few things to know about saving your files that will help you to preserve your hard work in Photoshop. I am going to make a change to this image. I am going to grab the Burn tool here, and just make a little mark, anything will do, because what I want to show you is that when you do make an edit to an image, and then you look at its tab you will see a little asterisk. The asterisk means it's time to save, that there is an unsaved edit associated with the file.
So at this point, I would go to the File menu and I would go down and choose Save or Save As. Now be careful about choosing Save. Because when you save, you immediately overwrite the file with the same name. If you're not sure you want to do that then choose Save As. And that opens the Save As dialog box. To avoid overwriting a file, you can change any of the parameters here. You could change the name, you could change the location where you are going to save the file, which is what I'm going to do, or you could change the format of the file.
If you've associated a color profile with your file, a subject that I cover in an earlier movie on Color Settings, then you are going to want to leave this field checked to ensure that the color profile goes along with the saved file. Let's take a brief look before leaving this dialog box at the Format menu. These are the formats in which you can save from Photoshop. The first choice here, Photoshop, is the native file format for the program. This format will preserve Photoshop layers and all special Photoshop features you may have added to a file, like Smart Objects, adjustment layers, filters, and more.
In order to preserve all of that work, I suggest that you always archive a master copy of your files in Photoshop format, and then you can make copies from that master to save in any other format that you may need. Once you have chosen your format, you can click Save. And now when you look at the tab for this document, there is no asterisk. Let's talk a little more about file formats. The next document that I have open is a JPEG. JPEG is a common format for saving photographs because it does a good job of compressing the kind of continuous tone information that's found in a photograph.
Keep in mind that the JPEG format does not preserve layers, and also the JPEG is a lossy file format. So you don't want to save an image over -and-over in JPEG format, because each time you do, a little more image data is discarded. JPEG is a great format when you are compressing a small photograph to attach to an email, and it's also a common format for web work. A subject I'll cover in separate movies later in this course. I also have a TIF open here. TIF stands for Tagged Image Format.
It's a standard format used by graphic designers for including in page layout programs like Adobe InDesign or QuarkXPress. Unlike JPEG, TIF is a non-lossy format, so you can save over-and-over in this format without fear of degrading an image. TIF is also a format that can preserve layers. The last format I have open here is GIF. GIF or Graphics Interchange Format is used primarily for web graphics. A GIF can contain a maximum of only 256 different colors and the GIF format does not preserve layers, like the native Photoshop format or TIF.
I'll talk more about saving graphics for the web later in this course. But for now, that's a quick overview of the major file formats that you're likely to use when you are saving your files in Photoshop.
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