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In this exercise we are going to go ahead and add a minute hand to this developing clock face composition. I am working inside the cardinaletondo.psd image that's found inside the 16WarpLiquify folder. Now bear in mind that I have made some changes to this composition over the previous couple of exercises. If you are working along with me I would like you to click on the frame layer at the top of the Layers palette. The reason being this will allow us to drag and drop the various clock hands on top of the frame layer so they don't get mired inside of this face clipping mask right here.
So just a precautionary measure and now I am going to press Shift+F to restore the standard window view and I am going to switch back over to the clockparts.tif image from Nicholas Belton. Now I want to select this hand right here. This I judge to be the minute hand, this center hand on the left hand side of the image. I could in order to select it I could reload the mask alpha channel as a selection outline that's one way to work or I just want to show you a different way to work here. I am going to bring up the History Palette and you can get to this palette by choosing the History command from the window menu if you prefer.
If you have been working along with me you should see a short sequence of operations basically you open the image then you loaded the selection outline that's when you loaded the mask alpha channel as a selection and there is this step rectangular marquee where you found the intersection by Shift+Alt+Dragging or Shift+Option+Dragging with the regular marquee tool to keep only the clock face selected. If you backup a single operation here you will restore the entire mask's selection outline so it's not necessarily an easier to way to work.
It's all that much easier that is to click on this option as opposed to Control or Command clicking on this channel down here but it helps demonstrate that the History Palette tracks operations for each and every open image. So just bear in mind that you have that option available to you alright I am going to go ahead and close the History Palette then using the rectangular marquee tool once again I am going to Shift+Alt+Drag or Shift+Option+Drag around the minute hand like so and I have now only the minute hand selected then I will press and hold the Control key here on the PC or the Command key on the Mac and I will drag and drop the minute hand into the cardinaletondo composition.
Now I am going to press the F key to switch back into the CS3 maximized view. And I am going to go ahead and Control+Drag or Command+Drag this hand into place so that the center of the clock hand is at the center of the clock. Now the clock hand is way too big as you can see it extends outside of the canvas so I want to scale it to a more reasonable size. I can repeat the last transformation that I assign that I apply to the clock face here. By going up to the Edit menu choosing the Transform command and choosing this guy right there again transform again where I compress Control+Shift+T and this is a very good keyboard shortcut to memorize that's Command+Shift+T on the Mac and that will repeat that previous transformation.
If you like it now it may not turn out to be all that great. There is two problems with it from my perspective one I would like the minute hand to be slightly bigger perhaps I am not sure actually maybe it's fine the way it is but I am a little worried about leaving that gap right there around the center dial of the minute hand and that allows some of the Michael Angelo Fresco to showing from the background. Of course they could end up hiding that gap using some of the other hands so it may not be that big of a problem. On the other hand maybe the hand is too big, maybe it's extending too far into the numbers and I definitely want to rotate the hand to some sort of minute on the clock face here so it looks a little more natural than just hanging down it exactly the 30 position so if you run into a situation like that where you want to follow up one transformation with another transformation then you probably want to handle everything in one clean transform operation.
You don't want to be keeping transformation on top of transformation on top of transformation because you end up destroying the original pixel information inside the layer. Now you can apply non-destructive transformations inside Photoshop using smart objects. We just haven't gotten the smart objects yet so right now we are not working with the smart objects we are just working with static layers so, I am going to undo that last modification actually I have to press Ctrl+Alt+Z a couple of times in a row that's Command+Option+Z on a Mac in order to back step so that we are seeing the original version of the hand.
Here is a trick that I want you to bear in mind. It's little weird but it's going to make a lot of sense once you start doing a lot of transforming inside of Photoshop. First press Control+T or Command+T on the Mac to enter the free transform mode then press Control+Shift+T or Command+Shift+T on the Mac to restore the last applied transformation and keep yourself inside of the free transform mode so that you can still apply some other transformations non destructively. Does that make sense? So I am still inside the free transform mode and yet I have lifted my last transformation values of 44.4% proportionally that's awesome.
By the way that is what I just gave you that little trick that was gold you are welcome. Alright I am going to move this central handle upward by the way. I should just near instead of being snide I should never write what I am doing I will go ahead and drag the minute hand down a little bit so that it's centered on a clock face and then I am moving this transformation origin. Notice that I can drag the transformation origin anywhere where I want it to be, so that little target I am dragging to the center of the pivot for the clock hand and now by moving my cursor outside the transformation boundary notice that it changes to a little rotate icon and I will now drag with this rotate cursor in order to rotate the clock hand around the face like so.
So I think this is a good time of day for this clock I would do want to not sort of cover up too much of the Raphael face in the background so maybe I should move the clock hand a little higher so that it's covering let's say this part of the nose right there. Some portion of this guy's faces got to be covered up. Let's leave you know elements like the eyes opened and maybe the base of the nose and the mouth and so on. And then finally I might go ahead and I am sort of still grappling with whether this clock hand ought to be bigger or smaller but let's say I decide it needs to be a little smaller.
I am going to go onto the W and H values up there which control the scaling of the hand and I am going to turn on that little link so that I maintain a consistent aspect ratio i.e. I go ahead and scale the width and the height of the image proportionally then I am going to click inside either the width or the height value it doesn't matter which one. And I am going to press the down arrow key in order to make this clock hand a little bit smaller maybe not quite that much smaller. Let's go ahead and go with let's say 41%. What the hack and then press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac in order to accept this value right here.
I haven't exited the free transform mode quite yet by the way because I do want to show you notice that the rotation of the clock hand is also being tracked using this little angle value right there. These suckers over there H & V that have little degrees next to them those are the skew values in case you decide to skew your clock hand at some in time. Alright now I am going to press the Enter key or the Return key once again in order to accept my transformation and depart from the free transform mode. So there you go I have a nicely scaled and rotated minute hand at the center of my high renaissance clock.
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