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In this exercise, I'm going to show you how to rotate an image that comes in on its side, and this is a less common occurrence than it used to be. But it still happens with inexpensive point-and-shoot cameras. The idea is that your everyday, average, rinky-dink camera treats every image as if it's horizontal. So if you turn the camera and take a vertical portrait shot, it comes in on its side as we're about to see. It does happen, however, sometimes with more expensive SLRs, too. They can get confused, depending on the angle of your shot. So I'm still looking at the contents of the 03_open_org folder as I will throughout this chapter.
And, what I want you to do if you're working along with me, is press the A key, and what that's going to do is it's going to take you down to the first file that starts with the letter A, which happens to be this group of images when we're looking at them in reverse alpha order, this group of images that shows Sammy as a goalie. And there's this image right there of Max with a face mask on that is on its side. So I'm going to click on this first image that's upright here, that's shot properly. We'll see that this image, if I bring up my Metadata panel here, which should be onscreen by default, what I recommend you do is twirl c lose File Properties, make sure that IPTC Core is twirled closed as well, and drop down here to your Camera Data.
And towards the bottom of the Camera Data, we can see that this was shot with an Olympus S410, which is an older model point-and-shoot camera. So no surprise that it thinks that every image ought to be horizontal. However, what we can't see at this point is the orientation, and that's one of the bits of information that is captured along with Exif. Now, Exif incidentally is a group of metadata that is captured by your digital camera. So the moment you press the shutter release, all kinds of information is captured.
This includes the aperture value, the focal link, whether the flash fired or not, all kinds of good stuff. But we're not seeing orientation for some reason. So I'll go up here for the Metadata flyout menu icon, click on it, and I will choose the Preferences command. And that will bring up the Metadata panel of the Preferences dialog box, and I'm going to twirl close File Properties and twirl close IPTC Legacy, and then twirl close IPTC Core, and IPTC Extension until I get down to Camera Data Exif. Otherwise, I'm going to have to scroll down this list like crazy.
And I still have to scroll down, and I am doing this using the scroll wheel on my mouse. Notice right below Metering Mode and right above Exif Color Space is this option right there called Orientation. Go ahead and click on it to turn it on and then click OK, and you'll now see a new Orientation option right below Metering Mode inside of this list. And we can see that both of these images have an orientation of normal. Interesting. This guy though is obviously not right, and we need to rotate it, and you can do that by using one of these two Rotate icons in the upper-right corner of the screen, either rotate 90 degrees counterclockwise, which would be a left rotation, or 90 degrees clockwise, which would be a right rotation, or at least what we think of this being left and right, which is why you have keyboard shortcuts, incidentally.
You can press the Ctrl key here on the PC or the Cmd key on the Mac along with one of the Square Bracket keys, those being the keys just to the right of the P as in Paul key on an American keyboard. So if I press Ctrl+Right Bracket or Cmd+Right Bracket on the Mac, I'm going to go the wrong direction, and we can see that the Orientation is now 90 degrees, rotated 90 degrees. If I press Ctrl+Left Bracket or Cmd+Left Bracket on the Mac, I'll restore the normal Orientation. What I really want is another press of Ctrl+Left Bracket or Cmd+Left Bracket on the Mac so that we have an up right Max that's rotated negative 90 degrees.
And that is merely a change to the metadata. We have not changed the file at all. So we did not have to rewrite this JPEG file. It's the same file it ever was. It just has a little bit of extra metadata inside of it now, which will tell Photoshop to rotate the image when it opens up. It'll also tell other applications that recognize this kind of metadata to rotate the image as well. Some applications are not that smart, particularly if you're viewing the image at the operating system level. You may not see it rotated. It may still be on its side.
Don't fret about it. It doesn't matter. Photoshop will be aware, and that's what counts. All right. I'm going to go back to the top of my list because I want to show you another way to work. And another problem that might occur. Now notice these two towers that I shot in Seattle. They're the exact same tower of course, and the orientation for both of them is normal, notice that, Normal and Normal. And I shot this image with Leica D-LUX 3, which is capable of rotating the image automatically. It just got confused in the case of this tower. So I need to go ahead and fix it. Well, here's another way to work.
If you're working inside of the Full- Screen Preview mode, which I'm getting by pressing the spacebar as you might recall, this guy is in great shape, so no problems there. I will press the Left Arrow key in order to go back to this tower. It's at an angle. This is why keyboard shortcuts are so important in the Bridge. I can re-orient this image using that same keyboard shortcut I showed you a moment ago, except without the modifier key. So you don't need to press Ctrl or Cmd. You just press the Right Bracket key to rotate the image clockwise or the Left Bracket key to rotate it counterclockwise.
I want clockwise, so I'll press the Right Bracket key. I'll Escape out. And it looks beautiful now, and you can see that the Orientation is rotated 90 degrees. Again, that's just a little tag that's added to the file, that Bridge do not have to re-write any of the pixels inside the image. And that's how you re-orient photographs that come in on their side here inside the Bridge.
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