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Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals
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Rotating hues and adjusting saturation


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Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals

with Deke McClelland

Video: Rotating hues and adjusting saturation

Now that you have a feel for the big Color Wheel let's see how to rotate hues and modify saturation values using one of the Photoshop's most powerful features a Hue Saturation Adjustment layer. I've opened this image called Yellow slats.psd, and notice that we have two layers, one is the background layer which contains these slats of wood painted yellow and then I have a reduced version of the Color Wheel with all the important stuff in it. That is we can see the Saturation going from low to full volume along each of these spokes and we can see the Hue is represented around the perimeter and we see the main hues that is red, yellow, green, cyan, blue, magenta, and once again red positioned at each of the 60 degree increments.
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  1. 39m 52s
    1. Welcome to Photoshop CS5 One-on-One
      1m 49s
    2. Making Photoshop your default image editor
      7m 43s
    3. Installing the DekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      8m 10s
    4. Remapping Mac OS shortcuts
      7m 37s
    5. Installing the Best Workflow color settings
      4m 31s
    6. The color settings explained
      6m 54s
    7. Loading the CS5 color settings in Bridge
      3m 8s
  2. 53m 36s
    1. There is nothing you can't do
      2m 1s
    2. The power of Photoshop
      4m 43s
    3. Duplicating a layer
      4m 49s
    4. Liquifying an image
      4m 43s
    5. Adding a layer mask
      5m 54s
    6. Loading an alpha channel
      7m 42s
    7. Selecting with Color Range
      4m 10s
    8. Making a Hue/Saturation layer
      2m 53s
    9. Luminance blending
      7m 21s
    10. Mask density
      5m 9s
    11. Making a knockout layer
      4m 11s
  3. 51m 23s
    1. The best way to work
      41s
    2. Setting General preferences
      5m 33s
    3. Changing the pasteboard color
      5m 41s
    4. File handling, performance, and units
      7m 25s
    5. Touring the Photoshop interface
      11m 5s
    6. Creating and saving a workspace
      7m 21s
    7. Changing settings and updating the workspace
      6m 4s
    8. Resetting the preferences
      7m 33s
  4. 2h 46m
    1. The amazing Adobe Bridge
      1m 17s
    2. Making a new image
      5m 11s
    3. Opening an image
      7m 7s
    4. Opening and closing multiple images
      5m 24s
    5. Opening a problem image
      4m 23s
    6. Adding file information
      8m 37s
    7. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      7m 37s
    8. A whirlwind tour of Bridge
      7m 21s
    9. Adjusting the interface and thumbnails
      8m 18s
    10. Using the full-screen preview
      8m 5s
    11. Rotating images on their sides
      5m 38s
    12. Assigning star ratings and labels
      8m 40s
    13. Filtering thumbnails in the Contents panel
      9m 13s
    14. Moving, copying, and deleting files
      6m 34s
    15. Creating and assigning keywords
      6m 38s
    16. Searches and collections
      7m 3s
    17. Batch-exporting JPEG files
      8m 57s
    18. Batch-renaming
      7m 15s
    19. String substitution and regular expressions
      8m 50s
    20. Grouping images into stacks
      7m 21s
    21. Comparing images in Review mode
      5m 58s
    22. Playing images in a slideshow
      4m 49s
    23. Customizing and saving the workspace
      7m 17s
    24. Using Mini Bridge in Photoshop CS5
      8m 36s
  5. 1h 1m
    1. Learning to swim inside an image
      37s
    2. The tabbed-window interface
      5m 19s
    3. Arranging image windows
      4m 26s
    4. Common ways to zoom
      5m 31s
    5. New zoom tricks in Photoshop CS5
      4m 24s
    6. Hidden old-school zoom tricks
      4m 34s
    7. Scrolling and panning images
      4m 8s
    8. Viewing the image at print size
      6m 42s
    9. The Navigator and "bird's-eye" scrolling
      2m 56s
    10. Nudging the screen from the keyboard
      2m 39s
    11. Scroll wheel tricks
      3m 41s
    12. The Rotate View tool
      3m 36s
    13. Cycling between screen modes
      6m 17s
    14. Using the numerical zoom value
      6m 14s
  6. 1h 6m
    1. Imaging fundamentals
      58s
    2. What is image size?
      7m 45s
    3. The Image Size command
      6m 0s
    4. Selecting an interpolation option
      4m 56s
    5. Upsampling versus "real" pixels
      5m 22s
    6. The penalty of pixels
      5m 35s
    7. Print size and resolution
      7m 26s
    8. Downsampling for print
      6m 39s
    9. Downsampling for email
      7m 28s
    10. Options for upsampling
      8m 13s
    11. Better ways to make a big image
      6m 1s
  7. 44m 43s
    1. Frame wide, crop tight
      1m 2s
    2. Using the Crop tool
      8m 8s
    3. Fixing out-of-canvas wedges
      5m 31s
    4. Crop tool presets
      6m 53s
    5. Previewing the crop angle
      4m 24s
    6. The Crop command
      4m 47s
    7. Straightening with the Ruler tool
      4m 18s
    8. Cropping without clipping
      5m 1s
    9. Perspective cropping
      4m 39s
  8. 1h 41m
    1. Making drab colors look better
      1m 20s
    2. Brightness and contrast
      4m 10s
    3. Adjusting numerical values
      4m 26s
    4. Introducing adjustment layers
      5m 17s
    5. Editing adjustment layers
      2m 51s
    6. Saving adjustment layers
      4m 35s
    7. Adding a quick layer mask
      4m 23s
    8. Introducing the Histogram
      4m 34s
    9. Working with the Histogram panel
      6m 27s
    10. Using Color Balance
      7m 18s
    11. Introducing the Variations command
      4m 51s
    12. Luminance and saturation controls
      3m 54s
    13. Fading a static adjustment
      3m 21s
    14. How hue and saturation work
      4m 28s
    15. Rotating hues and adjusting saturation
      6m 4s
    16. Creating a quick and dirty sepia tone
      4m 42s
    17. Adjusting hues selectively
      5m 32s
    18. The Target Adjustment tool
      4m 24s
    19. Photoshop CS5 Target Adjustment enhancements
      53s
    20. Adjusting the color of clothing
      8m 44s
    21. Enhancing a low-saturation image
      4m 23s
    22. Refining saturation with Vibrance
      5m 1s
  9. 1h 57m
    1. Photoshop versus the real world
      1m 21s
    2. Meet the selection tools
      10m 26s
    3. Marking the center of an image
      4m 9s
    4. Drawing a geometric selection outline
      4m 45s
    5. Blurring a selection outline with Feather
      6m 8s
    6. Copy and paste versus drag and drop
      5m 31s
    7. Creating a graduated selection
      4m 29s
    8. Aligning one image with another
      4m 45s
    9. Accessing the Move tool on the fly
      3m 34s
    10. Invert and Match Colors
      5m 4s
    11. Matching colors selectively
      3m 52s
    12. Feathering and filling a selection
      5m 14s
    13. Dressing up a composition with effects
      5m 34s
    14. The incredible image rotation trick
      2m 18s
    15. The Magic Wand tool
      4m 12s
    16. Tolerance and other options
      7m 7s
    17. Grow, Similar, and Inverse
      5m 39s
    18. Quick selection and the Magnetic Lasso
      7m 27s
    19. Evaluating a selection in Quick Mask
      8m 52s
    20. Saving and loading selections
      6m 14s
    21. Placing an image with a layer mask
      3m 23s
    22. Eliminating edge fringing
      7m 43s
  10. 1h 58m
    1. Brushing to correct
      56s
    2. How brushing works
      4m 52s
    3. Working with spacing
      7m 32s
    4. Changing size and hardness
      7m 45s
    5. The heads-up Color Picker
      7m 17s
    6. Flipping a mirror image
      3m 33s
    7. Setting the source for the History brush
      3m 42s
    8. Brightening details with the Dodge tool
      7m 49s
    9. Darkening details with the Burn tool
      3m 5s
    10. The Sponge tool
      4m 29s
    11. Backing off edits
      8m 4s
    12. Patching eye bags
      8m 57s
    13. Evening out flesh tones
      7m 23s
    14. Smoothing away whiskers
      7m 41s
    15. Reducing shadow noise
      7m 0s
    16. How healing works
      4m 40s
    17. The enhanced Spot Healing brush
      4m 52s
    18. Using the better Healing brush
      4m 23s
    19. Introducing the Clone Source panel
      3m 49s
    20. Cloning from one layer to another
      5m 30s
    21. Working with multiple sources
      4m 44s
  11. 1h 23m
    1. The layered composition
      1m 0s
    2. Making a new background layer
      6m 58s
    3. Working with "big layers"
      6m 24s
    4. Move, Duplicate, and Scale
      4m 11s
    5. Transforming a copy and repeat
      5m 15s
    6. Stacking order and eyedropping a layer
      5m 15s
    7. Adjusting multiple layers at once
      4m 22s
    8. Switching between layers
      4m 56s
    9. Making a digital star field
      5m 9s
    10. Blend mode and clipping mask
      4m 50s
    11. Dragging and dropping from your desktop
      4m 38s
    12. Black + Lens Flare = glow
      6m 16s
    13. Locking transparency
      5m 42s
    14. Adding gradient layers
      8m 12s
    15. Stacking an adjustment layer
      4m 12s
    16. Adding shadow and stroke
      6m 9s
  12. 1h 17m
    1. Outputting from Photoshop and Bridge
      1m 32s
    2. Printing an RGB composite
      5m 31s
    3. Customizing the subjective print file
      3m 15s
    4. Gauging print size
      5m 35s
    5. Scale, position, and page orientation
      5m 6s
    6. Three important printing curiosities
      4m 41s
    7. Introducing the Output options
      5m 34s
    8. Establishing a bleed
      5m 52s
    9. Using the Color Management options
      7m 21s
    10. Generating a PDF contact sheet
      6m 18s
    11. Creating a contact sheet template
      6m 8s
    12. Saving and opening a PDF contact sheet
      4m 18s
    13. Introducing the Web Gallery
      7m 53s
    14. Exporting and editing an HTML site
      3m 58s
    15. The Airtight Photocard site
      4m 56s
  13. 1h 9m
    1. Rules of the web
      1m 1s
    2. Introducing web graphics
      6m 59s
    3. A first look at Save for Web
      5m 47s
    4. Scaling a layered image versus a flat one
      7m 30s
    5. Incremental downsampling
      3m 1s
    6. Adding text, bar, and stroke
      4m 24s
    7. Assigning copyright and metadata
      6m 21s
    8. Comparing GIF, JPEG, and PNG
      4m 59s
    9. Determining the perfect JPEG settings
      6m 31s
    10. Saving metadata
      3m 52s
    11. Working with an unprofiled RGB image
      4m 35s
    12. Downsampling graphic art
      4m 49s
    13. Saving a GIF graphic
      6m 1s
    14. Antiquated GIF versus the better PNG
      4m 6s
  14. 1m 37s
    1. Until next time
      1m 37s

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Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals
17h 33m Beginner May 07, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Photoshop is the world’s most powerful image editor, and it’s arguably the most complex, as well. Fortunately, nobody knows the program like award-winning book and video author Deke McClelland. Join Deke as he explores such indispensable Photoshop features as resolution, cropping, color correction, retouching, and layers. Gain expertise with real-world projects that make sense. Exercise files accompany the course.

Download Deke's free dekeKeys and color settings from the Exercise Files tab.

Topics include:
  • Assembling photorealistic compositions
  • Understanding image size and resolution
  • Correcting the brightness and color of images
  • Creating accurate selection outlines
  • Retouching and healing photos
  • Mastering layers and effects
  • Printing and exporting to the web
Subjects:
Design Photography
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Deke McClelland

Rotating hues and adjusting saturation

Now that you have a feel for the big Color Wheel let's see how to rotate hues and modify saturation values using one of the Photoshop's most powerful features a Hue Saturation Adjustment layer. I've opened this image called Yellow slats.psd, and notice that we have two layers, one is the background layer which contains these slats of wood painted yellow and then I have a reduced version of the Color Wheel with all the important stuff in it. That is we can see the Saturation going from low to full volume along each of these spokes and we can see the Hue is represented around the perimeter and we see the main hues that is red, yellow, green, cyan, blue, magenta, and once again red positioned at each of the 60 degree increments.

Now what's amazing about this is you have full and unbridled control over color values inside of Photoshop. Let me show you what I mean. I'm going to bring up the Adjustments panel, and because it's covering up the all-important Color Wheel I'm going to go ahead and drag this blank area to the right of the word Masks over to the left so we have a Floating Adjustments panel, and then I'm going to press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and hover over the second icon in the second row which is Hue/Saturation, click on it with Alt or Option+Down and you will be invited to name the new layer.

I'm just going to call it hue & sat, because those are the attributes we're going to be changing. And I'll click OK and that fills the Adjustments panel with the Hue/Saturation and Lightness options here. Now the Hue value can vary from -180 to +180 degrees, so you have the full 360-degree Color Wheel covered. And if I start reducing this value, watch red in particular. Rotate in a counter-clock wise direction around this Color Wheel to the point where if I reduce this value all the way to -60 then I displace yellow with red and I displace green with yellow and cyan with green and blue with cyan and magenta with blue, and what was formerly red with magenta, and as a result all of these slats of yellow wood are now red in the background and a very vivid red as well, you have to bear in mind.

When you rotate the hues inside of Photoshop a color might become much more saturated than it was before or much less saturated. It's just a function of the relative saturation of each of the hue values. Now if I wanted to change everything that's yellow like these yellow slats of wood here to green instead, then I would displace what was formerly yellow with green which would mean I need to rotate the colors in the clock-wise fashion so I would change the Hue value from -60 to just plain old +60 and get this result here. If I wanted to make the slats violet instead, I would change this value to -120 and you can experiment with that value to your heart's content.

I'm going to click on the word Hue to select the numerical value and I'm going to change that value to -20 in order to rotate the yellows more toward a kind of pumpkin-orange here. Then I'm going to Tab my way down to the Saturation value. Now check this out, if I increase Saturation all the way to a hundred, I end up infusing gray with color. So you can see that I'm bringing out the most vivid possible colors even from the absolute center of that Color Wheel. Now most of the other color values in the image were very close to full intensity in the first place so we're not seeing that much difference there.

If you reduce this Saturation value you're ultimately going to decline the color intensity to absolute gray as we see it here. Now I prefer to see something in the - 40 zone which will deliver these low saturation orange slats. Then there is Lightness, now I don't think much of the Lightness value inside the Adjustments panel because it ends up creating a low contrast image, no matter what. So if you raise the value, notice you're increasing the brightness of black, you no longer have anything resembling shadows inside the image and you squish the remaining colors inside of a smaller area of the histogram.

Whereas if you reduce the Lightness value, once again you squish the colors, but this time you squish them towards the shadows. You completely and altogether lose your highlights. So this is rarely an option unless you're applying it extremely selectively. This is rarely an option that you set to anything other than zero. Finally we have this Colorize check box and that replaces all of the Hue and Saturation values inside the image with just one Hue value and one Saturation value a piece, otherwise the luminance is left unchanged.

So I'll go ahead and turn on Colorize so you can see what I mean. Everything becomes red because the Hue value is 0 degrees, and by the way that's where things start. 0 degrees starts on the right-hand side of the wheel, then 60 degrees is yellow, 120 is green, 180 is cyan, 240 is blue, 270 is magenta all way back to 360 which is red again. And you can see that represented by this Preview inside of the slider Bar.

So if you change the value to 30 for example you'll see that you're at orange inside the slider Bar and sure enough you're seeing a low intensity orange here in the background. If you want to increase the intensity of the colors inside the image then you increase the Saturation value. At 100% you're seeing full on orange everywhere inside the image. Notice though that the original luminance information from black to white remains intact so you still have all your shadows, all your highlights, and all your mid-tones. No if you want a kind of Sepia effect you probably go with the Hue value in the 30 range, you might click that value and press Shift+Up Arrow or something to take it up to 40 and then you would reduce the Saturation value to something along the lines of 30%.

It works pretty darn well with a photographic image, you can produce that Sepia effect very quickly using a combination of values around this range with Colorize turned on. There are better ways to work. I'll show you that when we take a look at the Gradient Map command in a much later exercise. In the next exercise we'll see how you can adjust one range of hues independently of another.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals.


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Q: While following along to the tutorial, my copy of Bridge does not have the same Export options as shown in the video. Why are these options missing in my copy?
A: For some reason, Bridge CS5 shipped without the Export options. They were included when Bridge updated to version 4.0.1. Updating Bridge will restore the export options.
Q: While following along with the exercises, next to the background layer on my Layers panel \, it shows a brush instead of the small picture, as it does in the video. What can I do to fix this? I erased the exercise files and started over, but it still shows the paintbrush.
A: This will occur if the Layers panel preview is turned off. To fix this, right-click in the empty gray area below the Background layer. Then choose Large Thumbnails. The thumbnail previews should come back immediately.
Q: The instructions for installing the dekeKeys don't work on my computer (which is running Mac OS X Lion). Is there an update to these?
A: The dekeKeys distributed with this course will still work for Lion. You just need to add them to a slightly different folder than in previous versions of OS X.

Open a new Finder window and choose Go > Go to Folder. Type the following file path exactly as written below. Copying and pasting may result in an error.

~/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Adobe Photoshop CS5/Presets/Keyboard Shortcuts

Move and/or copy/paste the dekeKeys to this folder and follow the rest of the instructions as outlined in the video, "Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts."
Q: How do I load the color workflow setting for this course? I downloaded the exercise files, and when I attempt to load the setting into Photoshop, they don't appear in the Finder.

A: These days, it's easier to assign the workflow settings manually. In Photoshop, choose Edit > Color Settings. Then change the first RGB setting to Adobe RGB, and click OK.

 
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