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Here, we are going to walk our way through the rest of our preferences. We've taken a look at these, and there won't be a lot to comment on in regards to customizing these, because for the most part, the default settings will work well. Rather, I am just going to highlight a few preferences and then share with you a few things that you might want to customize. Let's start off here with Transparency & Gamut. For the most part, this gray and white grid works really well when showing Transparency. I'll show you that in a minute, but let's just leave the default setting as is. We also have the ability to choose a gamut warning color.
We can see this when we go to our View menu and see what colors or tones are out of gamut, that won't be reproducible when we are creating prints. Again, I'll show you that in a minute, but I think all of these default settings here work really well. Next, let's go to Units & Rulers. For Rulers, you want to choose your increment of Inches, because as a photographer you're really tuned in to that, is this an 8x10 or a 4x6 document? Next, when you open up a new document, you have some Preset Resolutions. Again, these default settings are great.
Typically, photographers will work with say 300 Pixels per Inch. Yet if your workflow is different and if you're typically using 240, you could then change that here. Next, we'll explore how we can work with Guides. Guides allow us to drag something out of our ruler so that we can align things in our photographs. The default color is Cyan. We could change that by clicking on this menu. Well, so far we haven't seen Guides or Rulers or any of these things, yet again let's just continue to walk through these preferences, and then I'll show you these things in Photoshop in a minute.
In regards to Plug-Ins, this would be if you had third-party plug-ins. In this case, I don't have any. So I am going to go ahead and skip that. The last thing to highlight here is Type, and as you can read with these particular preferences, all of the default settings again look really good. Okay. Well, let's go ahead and click OK. When we do that, we can navigate back to Photoshop. One of the first things that I want to do is I want to open up my Rulers. To do so, on a Mac press Command+R, on Windows press Ctrl+R, or you can always navigate to your View pulldown menu and here you can select Rulers.
You can see the increments for the Rulers are Inches. If you click into one of the Rulers, you can click and drag out a Guide. Notice it's this cyan color, which was the default color in the preference dialog. You can also click and drag from your top ruler in order to bring out a ruler which is horizontal. Now when you're clicking and dragging out a ruler, you can put these away by also hovering over them and then just putting them back inside of this ruler here. You can think of this almost like a little drawer. Another way that you can work with Guides is if you click and drag and bring one out, you can hold down the Option key or the Alt key--Option on a Mac, Alt on Windows--and it will rotate that from vertical to horizontal or horizontal to vertical.
So again, that modifier key can be helpful when working with Guides. Another thing we talked about was the Gamut Warning. You can access that by going to your View pulldown menu and here by choosing Gamut Warning. In this case, you can see all of this gray here on my image, showing me that these colors are out of gamut. Those are colors or tones which will be hard to print when I get to that stage of my workflow. The last thing I want to take a look at is Transparency. So let's go ahead and double-click our Background layer and then just click OK.
This will just unlock this Background layer so that we can use our Move tool in order to move this over. When we move it over, we can see that we have this gray and white grid. This represents Transparency. In other words, if we were to print this image, there wouldn't be anything here. Now that we've seen all of these different options in real life, let's go back to our Preferences dialog. Here, we'll go to Photoshop > Preferences and then choose Transparency & Gamut. Well, with this Preference dialog, you can see that here we have that gray and white grid. You can change that by using these color chips here. You want to have something different show up as Transparency.
Typically, it's best to keep this really minimalistic and simple, so again, the default settings there are great. We can also change that Gamut Warning. You can see that here again by simply clicking on that color chip, and we could choose a different gamut warning color. In regards to our Units and Rulers, we saw how we are using Inches up top and then when it comes to those Guides, we can choose different colors for these guides if we want something which is a little bit less distracting. Here, though, I'll go back to that default setting. That wraps up our conversation about how we can dial in our Preferences so that we can most effectively work with our photographs inside of Photoshop.
After you've finished customizing your Preferences, simply go ahead and click OK, and then you can continue to work with your pictures with those new Preferences now dialed in.
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