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Sometimes pieces of a photo fall off and get lost. Usually when the photo is old and brittle, or is bent or has creases, it can lead to areas, mostly the corners, tearing off. If you're really lucky, it happens in a corner that holds nothing but the faded- out sky, so it's a snap to fix. If the area has anything at all in it, like trees for instance, it could be a little more difficult to fix, but still entirely doable. First thing you want to do is duplicate the background layer, Ctrl+J on a PC Command+J on a Mac.
The first thing we are going to use is the Clone Stamp tool. With the Clone Stamp, you can either add a blank new layer by going to Create a new layer icon at the bottom and clicking on it, or you can work on the layer itself. In this case we'll work on the layer itself, but if you do work on a new blank layer, be sure when you select your Clone Stamp tool that you go up here to this dropdown box and select Current & Below, because if you don't it won't pick up the bottom layers.
We'll work on the duplicate layer, so we'll reselect that. With your Clone Stamp tool selected, hold down Alt or Option to pick an area to sample from to begin cloning. Don't pick an area too close to where you are cloning, like right in here, or you're going to get obvious repetition. And change your sample area often. Go back over areas that don't look right or that have obvious repetition. You can't use the Patch tool on areas like this that don't have any pixels at all, such as Transparency or this large white area, because if you do, you're going to get a smudge from that area.
Let's change to the Patch tool and select an area that goes into the white area and drag it down, and you can see how it's smudged. We're going to undo that with Ctrl+Z or Command+Z and deselect using Ctrl+D or Command+D. If you have Photoshop CS5, you can give Content-Aware Fill a try to see out works out. To use your Patch tool or any selection tool, you can select an area-- we'll start off with this smaller area on the corner--go up to Edit > Fill > Content Aware, and click OK.
And just like that, it's filled in. You see, there is a little smudgy area here and if there is, you can just use your Patch tool and bring it down for a better blend. You can do that as many times as you need to. Let's try another area down here with Content Aware, a bigger area this time. Edit > Fill > Content Aware. Click OK. Now you'll see this got the area of the foot over here and to take care of that, just select it, and you can either bring it over--although in this case there's going to be this white, so the Patch tool won't work so good--or you can go up to Edit, once again, Fill > Content Aware, and OK.
That filled that in nicely. You can get rid of the white areas on the side the same way: Edit > Fill > Content Aware. Now let's just do this one very large area to see how that works for us. You can again either go to Edit > Fill > Content Aware, or you can Shift+F5 to bring up the dialog box. Click OK.
And that filled that in very nicely. And again, if you get these blurred areas, just use your Patch tool to blend. Even when pieces of an image go missing, there are ways to get them back. Missing corners are especially easy, because there are often areas to sample from to reconstruct them. The pitfalls in doing this kind of sampling are the ever-present dangers of over-cloning, when areas are repeated over and over within a small area, but just a little attention to detail can prevent that from happening.
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