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Photo Restoration with Photoshop

Replacing missing pieces


From:

Photo Restoration with Photoshop

with Janine Smith

Video: Replacing missing pieces

Sometimes pieces of a photo fall off and get lost. Usually when the photo is old and brittle, or is bent or has creases, it can lead to areas, mostly the corners, tearing off. If you're really lucky, it happens in a corner that holds nothing but the faded- out sky, so it's a snap to fix. If the area has anything at all in it, like trees for instance, it could be a little more difficult to fix, but still entirely doable. First thing you want to do is duplicate the background layer, Ctrl+J on a PC Command+J on a Mac.
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  1. 1m 33s
    1. Welcome
      48s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      13s
    3. Using the exercise files
      32s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Customizing your workspace
      2m 17s
    2. Using layers
      1m 58s
    3. Assessing the damage
      1m 52s
    4. Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
      3m 47s
    5. Using a Black & White adjustment layer
      1m 57s
    6. Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools
      4m 56s
  3. 27m 30s
    1. Fixing a faded black-and-white photo
      2m 20s
    2. Removing small splits, specks, and spots
      3m 44s
    3. Repairing red-eye
      4m 58s
    4. Reducing paper texture
      4m 34s
    5. Reducing dot patterns in printed photos
      3m 51s
    6. Fixing lens distortion
      4m 19s
    7. Straightening a crooked image
      3m 44s
  4. 24m 16s
    1. Fixing large rips, tears, and other damage
      3m 9s
    2. Removing long scratches
      3m 24s
    3. Fixing creases
      5m 8s
    4. Stitching large photos using Photomerge
      3m 17s
    5. Reassembling torn photos
      4m 56s
    6. Replacing missing pieces
      4m 22s
  5. 27m 55s
    1. Removing stains
      3m 48s
    2. Removing ink marks
      2m 34s
    3. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a black-and-white photo
      2m 14s
    4. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a color photo
      6m 1s
    5. Fixing mold damage
      5m 20s
    6. Reducing starburst light glare
      5m 11s
    7. Reducing eyeglass light glare
      2m 47s
  6. 21m 32s
    1. Understanding the basics of levels
      2m 50s
    2. Understanding the basics of curves
      3m 29s
    3. Finding the black, white, and gray points in an image
      3m 28s
    4. Adjusting color levels by channel
      1m 58s
    5. Making selective contrast adjustments
      4m 48s
    6. Adjusting image shadows and highlights
      4m 59s
  7. 18m 13s
    1. Adjusting color with the Photo Filter adjustment
      2m 23s
    2. Correcting color casts using inverse color correction
      3m 2s
    3. Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment
      3m 19s
    4. Correcting color casts using the Variations command
      3m 55s
    5. Correcting color by combining levels and curves
      1m 44s
    6. Improving color by adjusting the hue and saturation
      3m 50s
  8. 33m 14s
    1. Removing distracting elements
      5m 35s
    2. Repairing and recreating backgrounds
      7m 43s
    3. Extracting areas using masks
      5m 5s
    4. Matching colors in elements you add
      4m 11s
    5. Matching textures
      4m 45s
    6. Replacing facial features and missing body parts
      5m 55s
  9. 29m 59s
    1. Converting to black and white
      4m 48s
    2. Enhancing faded color
      3m 30s
    3. Smoothing a subject's skin
      4m 2s
    4. Enhancing black-and-white photos with duotone
      2m 34s
    5. Enhancing the eyes
      4m 10s
    6. Bringing out facial features with light
      5m 22s
    7. Sharpening
      5m 33s
  10. 32m 32s
    1. Assessing the damage
      1m 26s
    2. Repairing the crack
      1m 52s
    3. Replacing the missing body parts
      3m 5s
    4. Removing the specks, spots, and scratches
      3m 7s
    5. Fixing the missing corner
      1m 14s
    6. Lightening the stains
      5m 22s
    7. Restoring the faded tone in the face
      3m 8s
    8. Balancing the tone in the image
      1m 58s
    9. Evening the color with a Black & White adjustment layer
      49s
    10. Cleaning up the image
      2m 24s
    11. Adding definition to the face
      2m 20s
    12. Softening the image
      58s
    13. Sharpening the image
      2m 4s
    14. Bringing back some of the original tone
      1m 34s
    15. Comparing the image before and after
      1m 11s
  11. 24s
    1. Final thoughts
      24s

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Photo Restoration with Photoshop
3h 53m Intermediate Oct 13, 2011

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this course, professional photo restorer Janine Smith describes how to use Photoshop to restore, retouch, and enhance old or damaged photos. It covers evaluating scanned images for imperfections, using the Clone Stamp tool and other Photoshop tools, and addressing common problems and their fixes, starting with the basics (fading, spots, and paper texture) and continuing with more complex challenges (rips, adhesive tape, ink marks, mold, and more). Also included are methods for fixing exposure problems and colorcast as well as advanced techniques in photo restoration, such as replacing backgrounds and recreating missing facial features and body parts. The course includes a project that takes an image from damaged start to restored finish.

Topics include:
  • Assessing the damage
  • Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
  • Removing small splits, specks, and spots
  • Repairing red eye
  • Reassembling torn photos
  • Removing stains
  • Fixing mold damage
  • Understanding the basics of levels and curves
  • Correcting color problems
  • Repairing and recreating backgrounds
  • Sharpening a photo
  • Comparing before and after images
Subjects:
Photography Restoration
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Janine Smith

Replacing missing pieces

Sometimes pieces of a photo fall off and get lost. Usually when the photo is old and brittle, or is bent or has creases, it can lead to areas, mostly the corners, tearing off. If you're really lucky, it happens in a corner that holds nothing but the faded- out sky, so it's a snap to fix. If the area has anything at all in it, like trees for instance, it could be a little more difficult to fix, but still entirely doable. First thing you want to do is duplicate the background layer, Ctrl+J on a PC Command+J on a Mac.

The first thing we are going to use is the Clone Stamp tool. With the Clone Stamp, you can either add a blank new layer by going to Create a new layer icon at the bottom and clicking on it, or you can work on the layer itself. In this case we'll work on the layer itself, but if you do work on a new blank layer, be sure when you select your Clone Stamp tool that you go up here to this dropdown box and select Current & Below, because if you don't it won't pick up the bottom layers.

We'll work on the duplicate layer, so we'll reselect that. With your Clone Stamp tool selected, hold down Alt or Option to pick an area to sample from to begin cloning. Don't pick an area too close to where you are cloning, like right in here, or you're going to get obvious repetition. And change your sample area often. Go back over areas that don't look right or that have obvious repetition. You can't use the Patch tool on areas like this that don't have any pixels at all, such as Transparency or this large white area, because if you do, you're going to get a smudge from that area.

Let's change to the Patch tool and select an area that goes into the white area and drag it down, and you can see how it's smudged. We're going to undo that with Ctrl+Z or Command+Z and deselect using Ctrl+D or Command+D. If you have Photoshop CS5, you can give Content-Aware Fill a try to see out works out. To use your Patch tool or any selection tool, you can select an area-- we'll start off with this smaller area on the corner--go up to Edit > Fill > Content Aware, and click OK.

And just like that, it's filled in. You see, there is a little smudgy area here and if there is, you can just use your Patch tool and bring it down for a better blend. You can do that as many times as you need to. Let's try another area down here with Content Aware, a bigger area this time. Edit > Fill > Content Aware. Click OK. Now you'll see this got the area of the foot over here and to take care of that, just select it, and you can either bring it over--although in this case there's going to be this white, so the Patch tool won't work so good--or you can go up to Edit, once again, Fill > Content Aware, and OK.

That filled that in nicely. You can get rid of the white areas on the side the same way: Edit > Fill > Content Aware. Now let's just do this one very large area to see how that works for us. You can again either go to Edit > Fill > Content Aware, or you can Shift+F5 to bring up the dialog box. Click OK.

And that filled that in very nicely. And again, if you get these blurred areas, just use your Patch tool to blend. Even when pieces of an image go missing, there are ways to get them back. Missing corners are especially easy, because there are often areas to sample from to reconstruct them. The pitfalls in doing this kind of sampling are the ever-present dangers of over-cloning, when areas are repeated over and over within a small area, but just a little attention to detail can prevent that from happening.

There are currently no FAQs about Photo Restoration with Photoshop.

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