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There is another powerful way to make Adjustments to Color in Photoshop and that's using our Selective Color Adjustment. The Selective Color Adjustment layer is very similar to the Hue/Saturation Adjustment layer. In that I can select a Range of Colors and then make changes to those colors. But there's a subtle difference, here we're going to be using Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black in order to make these adjustments. Another big difference is that you're a little bit more limited here. In that you can only select from these Color Ranges.
In the Hue/Saturation Adjustment layer you'll remember that we were able to actually Expand the Range of Colors that was we're working on or subtly shifted by using the Eye Dropper tool. Here we're a little but more limited, but if you understand color theory, it might be easier to use this dialog. For example, if I wanted to make these Reds a little bit more bright, a little more cherry red, we can add a little bit of Magenta, subtract a little bit of Cyan and maybe decrease the amount of Yellow. So you can see and I am not just limited to moving the colors around the Color Wheel.
I can actually use each one of these colors, either Increasing or Decreasing the amount to get the exact color that I want in the image. The other really powerful part of this dialog box takes place down here at the bottom. In Hue/Saturation you don't have the ability to select your Whites or your Neutrals or your Blacks. Let say for example, I just want to remove the warmth or this yellow color cast to my highlights. In order to do this I can use the Yellow slider and just remove a little bit of the yellow. That seems to introduce a bit of a magenta cast, so I can come in and remove that as well.
And if I wanted to push it a little bit further towards blues or cyan, we could increase the Cyan slider. Now if we toggle this on, before and after, we can see that we've eliminated that color cast in our highlight area. But we're not changing our neutral areas or our midtone areas or our dark black areas. So it's a great way to selectively isolate the highlight area in your image and make a change to it. You'll notice that we've been using the Relative option, there is an Absolute option. This would tend to make your changes much more heavy-handed, so I prefer the Relative option.
One last feature that I want to point out while we are in here; we just used the Selective Color Adjustment layer, I am going to Toggle that off for a moment and return back to the background. If you wanted to select your colors, but not actually make a change to them, you just wanted Photoshop to somehow help you with the Selection, then we would use the Select menu and come down to Color Range. Color Range allows me to select either the Colors that I Sample, by clicking on a color in my image with the Eyedropper tool, or I can select from that same range of colors, as well as my Highlights, Midtones, and Shadows.
I can even select Skin Tones if I had a Portrait. I'm going to the select the Highlights for a moment and then when we click OK, you'll see that I haven't done anything to the Highlights. But Photoshop has helped me quickly select them, so that I could now move forward and I could do something to them like Copy and Paste them to another file for example, or even make a Duplicate within this Document. So it's important to know that both of these features exist. You can use the Selective Color Adjustment layer in order to have Photoshop automatically select a Color Range and then make changes to that color, including your Shadows, your Highlights and your Midtones.
Or you can use the Select menu in order to select the same Color Range, as well a Skin Tones, as well as Sampled Colors, with the Eyedropper. But when you exit out of that dialog box, you're left with a Selection which you can then work with in Photoshop.
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