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Photoshop CS5 for Photographers provides comprehensive Photoshop training targeting the needs of photographers. In this course, author Chris Orwig demonstrates the fundamental skills used to enhance digital photos, including managing and correcting color, sharpening, making selections and adjustments, retouching, and printing from Photoshop. In addition to teaching the techniques that enable photographers to refine and publish their photos, the course includes live-action segments that encourage thinking photographically and shooting with Photoshop’s capabilities in mind. Exercise files are included with the course.
Another way that we can begin to modify color is with Hue/Saturation. Now, we've all seen Hue/Saturation before, but what I want to do here is take a little bit more of an advanced look at how we can use Hue/Saturation to change a particular color, or range of colors. Well, in this image, I have a portrait of one of my photographic mentors, Nick Dekker, and in the background, it's completely green and yellow. Let's say that I want to change that background color. Well, how could I do it? Well, let's go ahead and navigate over to the Adjustment panel.
Let's click on Hue/Saturation. Now, before we make an adjustment, let's go ahead and expand this view by clicking on this icon here, so that we have a larger view of this particular panel. Next, let's click on the Target Adjustment tool, hover over the image, and then click on one of these background colors. What this is showing me is that I'm working with the Yellows. Down here, it showing me the range of tones that are going to be affected. Well, one way to see what area is going to be affected is going to be to make an adjustment with one of these controls simply as a way to diagnose what's happening.
Now, this adjustment will not look good. Yet, let me off the hook for a second because we're going to use this to diagnose how color actually works here. Well, I'm going to go ahead and increase the Saturation 100 points. Okay, well in this case, I see that I'm affecting the background, the face, the shirt, all these different areas. Well, how could I then change what colors are affected here? Well, what I want to do is I want to have more of the green affected over here, less of the red and orange over here, and how this works is that if we reassign colors, it's going to show us that by shifting this down below.
Let me show you what I mean. So I'm going to go ahead and click and drag this to the right. Well, here you can see that what was ever yellow on top is now green down below, and we can see how that's starting to happen, that the yellows in the background are really changed, or modified, to become green. Let's take this back to 0, and we'll do so by clicking in this field and highlighting it, and then pressing the 0 key. Well, what we can do is actually hover over this middle area and click and drag, and you notice that as I click and drag to the right, what's happening is it's shifting the area in this image that's being affected.
So in this case, primarily it's focusing in on the background over here. Now, this adjustment is of course over-the-top. It's too strong. Yet, I brought that up in order to see where I really needed to drag this range to, so that I was affecting an appropriate area of the image. Well, let's click inside of this field and highlight and press the 0 key to bring this image back to normal. So at this juncture, nothing has been changed at all. Let's start to make a change.
What we can do now is go ahead and drag our Hue slider, and as I drag this Hue slider, we can see that primarily it's focusing in on the background, not so much the face. Now, one of the things that we may need to do though, is let's say we want to get a little bit more of the background in the mix, because in my case, I can see that's a little bit spotty in certain areas. Well, what you can do is you can navigate down to this icon here. You'll notice that there are two straight lines. This is showing us the main targeted area, and then there are these two outside edges, and it's a smaller icon with a curved edge.
This shows us the transition area, or the reach. For example, click on this and drag to the left; you can see it's reaching to all the colors. Click on this and drag to the right; you can see that it's reaching fewer colors, and you can see that actually got out of the range of the background there. So I can go ahead and modify this in order to fill in a little bit of the background. You'll notice that the background now is much less spotty, simply by extending that point a little bit. Sometimes what we'll do is we'll click on all of these different points, one at a time, in order to find the sweet spot for the particular type of adjustment that we want to make.
So, again as I drag this too far to the left, you can see that there's a lot of color on the face. When I click and drag this back to the right, we can find that sweet spot where we can have the appropriate color effect by bringing in these sliders. I'll bring those in one at a time until I have just the right look there. Well in this case, we have a purple background. We also have the purple being picked up a little bit on the hair, which we probably need, because that light is bouncing around a little bit. It's picked up a little bit on the camera. We can see a few adjustments there.
And we can change this background, again, any which way. Let's say we want to go for something a little bit more subtle, a muted tone back there. I'm just going to go ahead and take out some of this, and then I can change the overall brightness. I'll just modify that a bit as well, and I'm just doing this just to look, or to taste, to see what type of color background might look good here, and we could try a whole range of options. Again, what we're going to need to do is to experiment with this and see which particular color looks good, and let's say that I want to go with something neutral, like this.
I think this looks pretty good. Let's look at the before and after. Click on the Eye icon of the Background layer, and that will show us here is before. Click again. There's after.
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