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Our ancestors loved tape. Ever since the first sticky tape was sold to customers in 1930, people were using it to repair the rips and cracks in their photographs, resulting in a yellow, peeling, flaking discoloration on our images. Fixing the problem in an old image can be easier than you think. The first thing we need to do is duplicate the original layer using Ctrl+J on a PC, Command+J on a Mac. Go to the bottom of the Layers panel and select the half-black, half-white circle, which is to Create a New Fill or Adjustment layer button and select Black & White.
Go through the Presets to see which one evens out the tones between the tape and the image the best. On a Mac, you may have to select each preset on its own. The lighter tones will probably work best, since the tape is darker than the image. In this case I think the High Contrast Red Filter does a good job. Now you're just left with lines to repair, instead of a wide band of discoloration. To begin repairing this discoloration, we need to combine all our layers using Shift+Ctrl+Alt+E on a PC, Shift+Command+Option+E on a Mac.
Now go over to your toolbar and select one of the Spot Healing tools: the Spot Healing brush, Patch, or Content Aware Healing brush. We'll begin using the Patch tool. Now zoom in using Ctrl+Plus or Command+Plus and select an area to begin your repair. Work in small pieces so as not to leave smudges and change the tools as often as you need to. Some tools work better in some areas than others.
Let's move to our Spot Healing Brush tool. If you have Photoshop CS5, you can use the Content Aware, as I am here. If you have an earlier version, use Proximity Match. And again, work in small pieces. You can continue working with the Healing tools until all the damage is repaired, but as you can see, fixing tape damage isn't as intimidating as you might think.
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