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All right, here I'm going to show you some tools and techniques that you can use in order to remove distracting elements in your photographs. We're going to start off with something that is simple and then we're going to quickly move to working with an area which will be a little bit more complicated. It will require that we make a selection; then that we inverse this selection and then retouch into this selected area. When I captured this portrait last week, I was really focused in on the subject. I didn't notice these small little distracting elements over here on the left side of the frame. So I want to fix these or remove these after the fact. The first thing that we're going to do in order to do this is we're going to create a new layer and let's create a new layer by way of a shortcut. The shortcut is Shift+Command+N on a Mac or Shift+Ctrl+N on Windows. You want to write that one down, because we'll be using it a lot in this course.
Next, let's name this new layer clean up then press Enter or Return. Now that we have this new layer, I want to do all of our cleanup work into this new layer or to other layers as well. What I want to do first is I want to focus in on this little thread that we can see here in this picture. I'll press the Z key to select the Zoom tool and then just click and hold on the image, so that I can zoom in a little bit more close here on the photograph, so I can focus in on that area. Next, I'm going to select the Spot Healing Brush. This is a great tool when you're dealing with smaller areas in your photographs. You can select this tool by pressing the J key or you can click on it here in the Tools panel.
Next in our options bar you want to turn on Content-Aware. This will ensure that the healing has better blending. You also need to turn on Sample All Layers. This will allow us to do our retouching onto this new layer that we just created. Then let's position our cursor over the blemish or over the distracting element here and then tap the left bracket ([) key that allows you to decrease your brush size. All right. Well here all that we need to do is go ahead and click and paint over the little blemish or distraction that we want to get rid of, and now it's gone. You may need to click and drag a few more times over this area just to clean up the tone, but for the most part it should work pretty easily. If you notice anything else that you want to reduce or remove, go ahead and paint over it with that tool and it will be gone. Well, that was easy, that was good to give us a little bit of momentum, because now we're going to work on an area which is going be a little bit more complicated.
So let's go ahead and take a look at how we can do that in the next movie. We'll continue to work with this file, so go ahead and leave this open, and then I'll catch you in the next movie.
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