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In this course, photographer, author, and teacher Chris Orwig details the tools every photographer needs to retouch portraits to make them look their best while remaining authentic. The course includes an overview of the retouching process and how to develop a plan for a retouching project.
After exploring techniques to improve the overall photo, Chris shares his techniques for reducing wrinkles, enhancing eyes and other facial features, improving hair, and retouching makeup. The course concludes with a look at retouching skin and reshaping portions of a portrait using transformations, the Warp tool, and the Liquify filter.
When it comes to cleaning up distractions, sometimes we need to remove distractions that we didn't notice when we captured a frame. In other situations like with this photograph here, it may be something that we noticed that we just decided that we're going to work on after the fact in Photoshop, and here what I want to do is I want to remove this garment strap, in order to strengthen this photograph. So let's zoom in a little bit on this picture. Next, let's create a new layer. This time let's create a new layer by simply clicking on the New Layer icon and we'll name this top layer, clean up.
In order to remove the strap, we're going to use the Spot Healing Brush. You can click on the Spot Healing Brush or you can press the J key. Now in one of the previous movies I mentioned that you typically want to use Content-Aware because that provides better blending when it comes to healing areas of your photograph. I want to illustrate that here. I'm going to select Proximity Match. This won't work very well, but let's see how this can then compare to Content-Aware. You position your cursor over the area that you want to correct.
You can change your brush size by pressing the left or right bracket key and then go ahead and click and paint over the item that you want to remove. In doing this I'm painting over this entire area and then I let go. Well, the problem with this is that depending on how I've use this tool; you can see it's bringing in other elements. It brought in a corner of the mouth, the texture. It doesn't match up that all. This shadow line here, well, it just looks kind of fake. So rather than using Proximity Match, what you want to do, is you want to use Content-Aware.
With the same brush and relatively the same brush stroke, I'll go ahead and paint over this item, and then I'll let go. In doing that we'll then see that Photoshop does just a much better job. Because it analyzes the surrounding areas and it builds up a better selection, and then also removes that a bit more efficiently. If you notice there any little areas that it didn't quite get out perfectly, you can always just click over those or click and drag over those in order to clean up those little areas, and here I'll just do that in a few places in order to clean that up.
Well now that we've done that; now that we've cleaned up a few of these little areas, the next thing I need to do is I need to work on my shadow up here in the top of the photograph. So let's zoom in a little bit, and then let's use the Clone Stamp tool in order to continue the shadow a bit more. Here we'll click on our New Layer icon, and I'll name this new layer shadow. Next, select the Clone Stamp tool and with the Clone Stamp tool we have some options. Here we're going to decrease our opacity to about 50%, turn on Aligned, Sample All Layers, and then finally choose a nice small brush, without any hardness.
After having it dialed in all of those options, we're going to Option+Click or Alt+Click on the shadow. You can do that to sample that and then reposition the cursor near the top and then click and paint. In doing that you can see that I can start to bring in the shadows, so that it can then extend to the top of the image. As I do that, what I'm noticing is it's bringing in a nice shadow here, except the shadow line. Well, it's a little bit too straight. It needs to kind of bend a little there. To bend something, we can use what's called Free Transform and Warp.
Let me show you how that works. To access Free Transform, press Command+T if you're on a Mac or Ctrl+T if you're on Windows. Next in the options bar, you'll notice a new icon appears for Free Transform. This is the Warp icon. We'll be using this in different places in this course as well. Yet here, let's take a look at how we can start to use it by changing the shape of this layer. You can see that as I drag this corner point in really extreme ways, I can change the overall arc there, and all that I want to do is just bend this a little bit.
So I'm going to grab these corner points in order to just change that, so it's not quite such a straight line. We can control the endpoints or any of these different little handles to kind of control the overall shape of this area of the image. Next, press Enter or Return. Well, now that that's bending a little bit more up to the top, what I need to do is move this. We'll select the Move tool, and then rather than clicking and dragging, when you have a little delicate area like this, just use your arrow keys. And you can use your arrow keys, as you can see here I'm just kind of moving those around to get this in exactly the right spot.
All right. Well finally let's zoom out a little bit so that we can evaluate our overall before and after. If we click on our Eye icons in our Layers panel, you can see here's the before and then now here's the after, and perhaps most importantly we've learned a really valuable technique here, and this is the technique of how we can work with the Spot Healing Brush of course. But then also how we can clone content inside of our image in order to rebuild an area of our photograph and you know all of the best retouchers in the world, they do this.
Rather than trying to paint it in with the Brush tool, they ask themselves is there anything in the photograph that I can use, that I could then kind of paint to extend or to modify my picture? And here by using the shadow that was already there, well, it helped us make this correction look that much better.
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