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Removing eye veins and sharpening eyes behind glasses

From: Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching

Video: Removing eye veins and sharpening eyes behind glasses

With this character portrait that I captured recently, we are going to take a look at how we can apply a few steps in order to clean up and improve the eyes. Let's go ahead and zoom in on this picture, and when we get close, one of the things that you may notice is that there are few small little blemishes around the area of the eyes. So let's start to clean those up by using the Spot Healing brush. Let's also use that tool to deal with the red veins that we have in the eye. Because the eyes are in really great shape, we don't necessarily need to clone those all away. Rather, we will start off with the Spot Healing brush, and then we will finish it up with a little bit of some Clone Stamp work.

Removing eye veins and sharpening eyes behind glasses

With this character portrait that I captured recently, we are going to take a look at how we can apply a few steps in order to clean up and improve the eyes. Let's go ahead and zoom in on this picture, and when we get close, one of the things that you may notice is that there are few small little blemishes around the area of the eyes. So let's start to clean those up by using the Spot Healing brush. Let's also use that tool to deal with the red veins that we have in the eye. Because the eyes are in really great shape, we don't necessarily need to clone those all away. Rather, we will start off with the Spot Healing brush, and then we will finish it up with a little bit of some Clone Stamp work.

So here, let's create a new layer. To do that, let's just click on the New layer icon, and then we will name this clean up. Next step, press the J key to select the Healing brush. If you don't have the Healing brush selected when you press J, press Shift+J until you toggle around to see the brush, which is a Band-Aid, and a little selection icon next to it. Here you want to turn on Sample All Layers, also Content-Aware, and let's go ahead and just start to do some little clean up work. Here, I am just going to clean up, or click on, a few of the little tiny variations that I am noticing around the eyes.

Sometimes one of the best ways to clean up the eyes is just to clean up the areas around them, so that nothing is distracting or detracting our view away from the eyes. All right. Well again, just here hitting the few of these small little spots. Next up, I want to work on the eyes themselves; these little veins. So with a nice small brush, I am just going to paint over those areas, and in doing this, if we zoom in even closer, we will able to get rid of these pretty well. It won't work perfectly, but it will be a really nice start. We will go ahead and just take care of those, in this case, with the Spot Healing brush.

Sometimes we have to use Clone Stamp, sometimes we can get away without using that, as I am trying to do here, and so far it's going okay. We will need to go back, and do a little bit of cloning on top of this area, but again, I think this will be a pretty good starting point. All right, a couple more little clean up spots here; little tiny variations that I am noticing when I am zoomed in this close, and then I will zoom out. We don't necessarily need to be past 100% there, but sometimes it's helpful to see all those little tiny details, right? Well now that we have done all that, next thing I want to do is do my Clone Stamp work.

So let's create a new layer by clicking on the New layer icon, and we will just name this clean up 2. Next, press the S key to select the Clone Stamp tool, then here let's decrease our Opacity; we will take this down to about 20% or so. We want to have Align turned off, Sample All Layers, that option turned on, and then we will zoom in again. Here I will press the Right bracket key to make my brush a little bit bigger, and I am just looking to kind of soften up a little bit of these areas here. This will brighten and whiten those areas.

What we will do is we will paint this in in an amount which is a bit too high, and then we will go back, and we will soften it by decreasing the Opacity of this layer. And so, as we paint this in, if you are feeling like we are doing a bit too much, that's okay, because we can always kind of back that off after the fact. The reason why you need to back it off is not just to kind of soften the effect, but otherwise it will make the eye look like it's kind of flat, like it lost the shape, and that's not a good thing. Here we will move over to this side, Option or Alt click on that, and again, just looking to kind of smooth up some of those transitions, and shadows, and in this case, as we are doing this, what we should be seeing is that it's kind of removing those things a little bit, but also, kind of lost a little bit of the depth or dimension here of the eye.

Okay, well if we zoom out, what we'll want to do is decrease the Opacity for that, to bring back a little bit of the shape there, and now we have these two clean up layers, which have done some great work on the eyes. Those eyes look much better. That makes this character portrait, I think, stronger. Well, after we have done this basic clean up work, what I need to do next is something which is unique to people who wear glasses. Oftentimes it's tricky to focus when someone is wearing glasses, or what may happen is that the eye will appear a little bit soft, because it's behind glass, and maybe there is a slight reflection on the glass.

So often, what I like to do is to sharpen the eye that's right behind the glass, and to do that with a project like this, we need to use a shortcut, which will allow us to merge all that we have done to the top-most layer. This is a really long shortcut, but a valuable one. On a Mac, you press Shift+Option+ Command+N,E. On Windows you press Shift+Alt+Control+N,E. In doing that, that will merge your underlying layers, and it will merge those, and then create a new layer on top. And this shortcut works whether or not you are clicked into a layer which has it's visibility turned on, or off. That's why I use that full shortcut. Again, Shift+Option+Command+N,E on the Mac, or Shift+Alt+Control+N,E on Windows.

Next, let's name this top layer sharp. Here we will go ahead and navigate to our Filter pulldown menu, and choose Sharpen, and then Smart Sharpen. In the Smart Sharpen dialog, what we are going to do is select Lens Blur, and then we want to bring in an Amount and Radius which just brings some nice detail into the eye itself. We want to have a little bit more than we are comfortable with. So here, as I am looking at this on my monitor, I am thinking those settings are a bit too high, but that's exactly where we want it; just a touch overboard, because we will mask that in a moment. Click OK to apply that.

Here, I am applying the sharpening everywhere. To the skin, the hair, the eye, so that doesn't look good. So we need to mask it in just to the eye area. In order to create a mask which is filed with black, as you know, you press Option on a Mac, Alt on Windows, and then click on your Add layer mask icon. Next step, zoom in a little bit, press the B key to select your Brush tool, paint with white, you want a brush which is really soft, no Hardness there, nice and small brush, and then for Opacity, let's bring this down somewhere below 50%.

Typically, when you are bringing this in, you want to at least go back and forth a couple of times, so by doing that, by having a lower amount, I can kind of a slowly bring this in, so I sharpen the surrounding areas just a little bit, and then I can sharpen the actual eye a bit more, so I can have a little bit more detail there. Now, in this picture, I am just going to work on the eye on the right, and then the eye on the left just a touch. This one is out of focus, because I am using this really shallow depth of field here. So in this case, I just want this side dialed in, but then if we had a different depth of field, or more depth of field, we would obviously want to sharpen both eyes.

All right; well here, I think this is looking great. It's just bringing back some nice snap to that eye there on the right side of the picture. And if we turn on and off these layers, we can see here is our before, and then now here is our after. The photograph is looking much better; I think this character portrait is a bit stronger. Here it is. I am just going to look at this zoomed out version; our before, and then now our after.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching
Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching

85 video lessons · 24178 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 58s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. Using the exercise files
      54s
  2. 6m 49s
    1. Initial retouching considerations
      3m 51s
    2. Using a Wacom tablet
      1m 8s
    3. Exploring resources and finding inspiration
      1m 50s
  3. 37m 21s
    1. Where to begin?
      1m 19s
    2. Reviewing the basic cleanup tools
      3m 59s
    3. Removing small distractions
      2m 41s
    4. Using selections and cloning to remove distractions
      4m 26s
    5. Simplifying the background with the Clone tool
      5m 12s
    6. Removing a garment strap
      5m 17s
    7. Removing a distracting logo
      3m 43s
    8. Removing lint from a T-shirt
      3m 40s
    9. Cleaning up a backdrop with Content-Aware Fill
      2m 58s
    10. Cleaning up a backdrop with the Patch tool
      4m 6s
  4. 22m 31s
    1. Extending a real-world scene, part 1
      4m 6s
    2. Extending a real-world scene, part 2
      4m 20s
    3. Removing distractions for a creative effect
      4m 31s
    4. Using selections and Free Transform to rebuild image elements
      3m 44s
    5. Moving a person with Content-Aware Move
      5m 50s
  5. 28m 48s
    1. Removing small details from the face
      4m 50s
    2. Retouching skin
      4m 35s
    3. Reducing hotspots, part 1
      4m 32s
    4. Reducing hotspots, part 2
      4m 36s
    5. Reducing brightness with selections and curves
      3m 26s
    6. Using Hue/Saturation to minimize variations in skin color
      3m 45s
    7. Removing tan lines
      1m 53s
    8. Leaving imperfections in portraits
      1m 11s
  6. 37m 15s
    1. Correcting tone with curves and masking
      5m 39s
    2. Fixing exposure and color with curves
      4m 14s
    3. Correcting tone with blending modes and masking
      5m 22s
    4. Using Shadows/Highlights to improve exposure
      5m 28s
    5. Using Soft Light layer blending to burn and dodge
      4m 37s
    6. Exploring the burning-and-dodging workflow
      6m 35s
    7. Using multiple techniques to improve shadows and highlights
      5m 20s
  7. 22m 42s
    1. Reducing wrinkles with the Healing Brush
      7m 21s
    2. Working on wrinkles and details
      6m 51s
    3. Fine-tuning and making final adjustments on wrinkles
      3m 44s
    4. Quick wrinkle reduction with the Patch tool
      4m 46s
  8. 43m 27s
    1. Enhancing eyes with adjustment layers and blending
      4m 7s
    2. Adding sparkle to the eyes
      4m 38s
    3. Increasing color with Colorize and blending modes
      5m 37s
    4. Rebuilding the edge of the eye
      6m 34s
    5. Whitening eyes, part 1
      3m 54s
    6. Whitening eyes, part 2
      5m 42s
    7. Removing eye veins and sharpening eyes behind glasses
      7m 8s
    8. Correcting color and tone behind glasses
      5m 47s
  9. 11m 26s
    1. Trimming eyebrows
      5m 25s
    2. Darkening eyebrows
      2m 48s
    3. Adding mascara to darken eyelashes
      3m 13s
  10. 16m 47s
    1. Enhancing lip color and tone with curves and masking
      4m 23s
    2. Using Color Balance and blending modes to improve the look of lips
      7m 41s
    3. Improving the look of lips with the Burn and Dodge tools
      4m 43s
  11. 13m 49s
    1. Teeth whitening made easy
      2m 33s
    2. Exploring advanced teeth whitening
      5m 0s
    3. Automating teeth whitening with actions
      5m 9s
    4. A note on retouching facial features
      1m 7s
  12. 35m 22s
    1. Covering and correcting hair discoloration
      5m 48s
    2. Fixing the color of hair roots
      3m 3s
    3. Making creative color adjustments to hair
      2m 44s
    4. Patching a gap in hair
      4m 27s
    5. Removing flyaway hairs
      6m 18s
    6. Fixing flyaway hairs with a complicated background
      5m 57s
    7. Adding accents and creative color to a fashion photograph
      7m 5s
  13. 27m 22s
    1. Brightening shadow areas on the face
      4m 22s
    2. Adding color to the cheeks and eyelids
      4m 30s
    3. Modifying eye makeup color
      3m 52s
    4. Increasing color saturation and variety
      4m 17s
    5. Enhancing color with the Lab Color space
      5m 44s
    6. Using Selective Color to create vibrant color
      3m 29s
    7. Additional makeup resources
      1m 8s
  14. 23m 15s
    1. High-pass skin softening
      6m 48s
    2. Creating a mask for the skin
      4m 23s
    3. Softening and adding even texture to the skin
      5m 36s
    4. Adding a soft glow to the skin and details
      6m 28s
  15. 34m 36s
    1. Adding dimension using curves and masking
      3m 50s
    2. Reshaping a jawline with Liquify
      4m 30s
    3. Reshaping a shirt with Liquify
      3m 13s
    4. Reshaping a shoulder with Liquify
      3m 22s
    5. Reshaping the body with Liquify
      2m 35s
    6. Using the Warp tool to reshape a jawline
      3m 33s
    7. Modifying the body with the Warp tool
      3m 35s
    8. Changing shape with selections and masking
      8m 32s
    9. Tips for thoughtful portrait retouching
      1m 26s
  16. 36s
    1. Goodbye
      36s

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