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Photo Restoration with Photoshop
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Reducing paper texture


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Photo Restoration with Photoshop

with Janine Smith

Video: Reducing paper texture

There is nothing wrong with paper texture in a photo; sometimes it looks really good, and some people love the effect. I have even had customers ask me specifically to not remove the paper texture, which tends to make my job a little bit tougher. You see, while paper texture may look pretty on those old photos, it can make restoring a lot harder. Texture presents a unique problem. When using, say, the Spot Healing brush, and running it over a bit of damage, it can make a smudge where the texture doesn't line up perfectly any longer.
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  1. 1m 33s
    1. Welcome
      48s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      13s
    3. Using the exercise files
      32s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Customizing your workspace
      2m 17s
    2. Using layers
      1m 58s
    3. Assessing the damage
      1m 52s
    4. Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
      3m 47s
    5. Using a Black & White adjustment layer
      1m 57s
    6. Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools
      4m 56s
  3. 27m 30s
    1. Fixing a faded black-and-white photo
      2m 20s
    2. Removing small splits, specks, and spots
      3m 44s
    3. Repairing red-eye
      4m 58s
    4. Reducing paper texture
      4m 34s
    5. Reducing dot patterns in printed photos
      3m 51s
    6. Fixing lens distortion
      4m 19s
    7. Straightening a crooked image
      3m 44s
  4. 24m 16s
    1. Fixing large rips, tears, and other damage
      3m 9s
    2. Removing long scratches
      3m 24s
    3. Fixing creases
      5m 8s
    4. Stitching large photos using Photomerge
      3m 17s
    5. Reassembling torn photos
      4m 56s
    6. Replacing missing pieces
      4m 22s
  5. 27m 55s
    1. Removing stains
      3m 48s
    2. Removing ink marks
      2m 34s
    3. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a black-and-white photo
      2m 14s
    4. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a color photo
      6m 1s
    5. Fixing mold damage
      5m 20s
    6. Reducing starburst light glare
      5m 11s
    7. Reducing eyeglass light glare
      2m 47s
  6. 21m 32s
    1. Understanding the basics of levels
      2m 50s
    2. Understanding the basics of curves
      3m 29s
    3. Finding the black, white, and gray points in an image
      3m 28s
    4. Adjusting color levels by channel
      1m 58s
    5. Making selective contrast adjustments
      4m 48s
    6. Adjusting image shadows and highlights
      4m 59s
  7. 18m 13s
    1. Adjusting color with the Photo Filter adjustment
      2m 23s
    2. Correcting color casts using inverse color correction
      3m 2s
    3. Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment
      3m 19s
    4. Correcting color casts using the Variations command
      3m 55s
    5. Correcting color by combining levels and curves
      1m 44s
    6. Improving color by adjusting the hue and saturation
      3m 50s
  8. 33m 14s
    1. Removing distracting elements
      5m 35s
    2. Repairing and recreating backgrounds
      7m 43s
    3. Extracting areas using masks
      5m 5s
    4. Matching colors in elements you add
      4m 11s
    5. Matching textures
      4m 45s
    6. Replacing facial features and missing body parts
      5m 55s
  9. 29m 59s
    1. Converting to black and white
      4m 48s
    2. Enhancing faded color
      3m 30s
    3. Smoothing a subject's skin
      4m 2s
    4. Enhancing black-and-white photos with duotone
      2m 34s
    5. Enhancing the eyes
      4m 10s
    6. Bringing out facial features with light
      5m 22s
    7. Sharpening
      5m 33s
  10. 32m 32s
    1. Assessing the damage
      1m 26s
    2. Repairing the crack
      1m 52s
    3. Replacing the missing body parts
      3m 5s
    4. Removing the specks, spots, and scratches
      3m 7s
    5. Fixing the missing corner
      1m 14s
    6. Lightening the stains
      5m 22s
    7. Restoring the faded tone in the face
      3m 8s
    8. Balancing the tone in the image
      1m 58s
    9. Evening the color with a Black & White adjustment layer
      49s
    10. Cleaning up the image
      2m 24s
    11. Adding definition to the face
      2m 20s
    12. Softening the image
      58s
    13. Sharpening the image
      2m 4s
    14. Bringing back some of the original tone
      1m 34s
    15. Comparing the image before and after
      1m 11s
  11. 24s
    1. Final thoughts
      24s

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Photo Restoration with Photoshop
3h 53m Intermediate Oct 13, 2011

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this course, professional photo restorer Janine Smith describes how to use Photoshop to restore, retouch, and enhance old or damaged photos. It covers evaluating scanned images for imperfections, using the Clone Stamp tool and other Photoshop tools, and addressing common problems and their fixes, starting with the basics (fading, spots, and paper texture) and continuing with more complex challenges (rips, adhesive tape, ink marks, mold, and more). Also included are methods for fixing exposure problems and colorcast as well as advanced techniques in photo restoration, such as replacing backgrounds and recreating missing facial features and body parts. The course includes a project that takes an image from damaged start to restored finish.

Topics include:
  • Assessing the damage
  • Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
  • Removing small splits, specks, and spots
  • Repairing red eye
  • Reassembling torn photos
  • Removing stains
  • Fixing mold damage
  • Understanding the basics of levels and curves
  • Correcting color problems
  • Repairing and recreating backgrounds
  • Sharpening a photo
  • Comparing before and after images
Subjects:
Photography Restoration
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Janine Smith

Reducing paper texture

There is nothing wrong with paper texture in a photo; sometimes it looks really good, and some people love the effect. I have even had customers ask me specifically to not remove the paper texture, which tends to make my job a little bit tougher. You see, while paper texture may look pretty on those old photos, it can make restoring a lot harder. Texture presents a unique problem. When using, say, the Spot Healing brush, and running it over a bit of damage, it can make a smudge where the texture doesn't line up perfectly any longer.

What we need to do is smooth the texture, making it easier for us to get a better result. Texture shows up on a digital photo because the light catches in the texture during the scanning process. If scanning is your only option--the other being a good camera with a copy stand, lights and filters--then there's another way to reduce the appearance of texture, if you have the original photo and a scanner. Begin by scanning the image, facing at least two different directions, preferably four directions.

This cancels out the light, catching the texture from all of the angles. After scanning, bring your scans up in Bridge. If you need to rotate any of your scans, select them and go to the rotate arrows up here. When the scans are all oriented the same direction, select them all by holding down Shift. Now go to Tools > Photoshop and Load Files into Photoshop Layers. Back in Photoshop, select all the layers by clicking on the bottom and top layers while holding the Shift key down.

Now go to Edit > Auto-Align Layers. Leave it at the default, Auto, and click OK. This will align the images just a little bit more than they may have been, to make sure you have a really good match. Now, we're going to turn off the visibility of all but the bottom two layers by clicking on the Eye icon. And select the second layer by clicking on this area. Now go up to your Layer Blend modes and select Darken.

You can still see a texture pattern, but since the amount of the light has been cut down, it's just a bit better. Now, we want to combine these bottom two layers by selecting Shift+Ctrl+Alt+E on a PC, Shift+Command+Option+E on a Mac. And now we're going to select the next layer up and make it visible: go again to Layer Blend modes and select Darken. That takes a little bit more of the texture out, and we're going to repeat the process again, combining the layers using Shift+Ctrl+Alt+E or Shift+Command+Option+E and select the next layer, the last one, make it visible, go to your Layer Blend modes and select Darken.

That takes care of the last bit of remaining light from the light of the scanner on the texture. Now, we want to combine all the layers one more time, again Shift+Ctrl+Alt+E or Shift+Command+Option+E and go up to Filter > Blur > Surface Blur, and try a radius of around 3 and a threshold of 50, which we have here already-- that's not your default--and clicking OK.

If you feel it's a little bit blurry, you can always go to your Opacity and bring it down. We'll try around 75%. Now let's zoom the image in on her face. Let's get it back up to her face here and look at before and after. Let's bring this here. Here is before, and here is after. That's a pretty dramatic difference. Now we have a nice photo without all the light from scanning the texture, but the texture still visible.

Even though you're not often going to be able to get rid of texture 100%, and even if you lessen it, there will be a loss of at least a little detail. But it's still possible to reduce the appearance of texture without making the image a blurry mess. Later in this course we'll go over how to get a little bit more of the detail back.

There are currently no FAQs about Photo Restoration with Photoshop.

 
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