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Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching
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Reducing hotspots, part 1


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Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching

with Chris Orwig

Video: Reducing hotspots, part 1

Skin retouching is really all about reducing variation, and you know, it's light, it's the brightness of light, and also the shadows which kind of bring out these different variations that we have in skin. So one thing that we can do is we can try to reduce that, especially in extreme situations. Like when I was capturing this portrait I hadn't realized how bright this spot was here on his forehead and also on his nose. I want to reduce or diminish this hotspot or this bright area of the picture.
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  1. 1m 58s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. Using the exercise files
      54s
  2. 6m 49s
    1. Initial retouching considerations
      3m 51s
    2. Using a Wacom tablet
      1m 8s
    3. Exploring resources and finding inspiration
      1m 50s
  3. 37m 21s
    1. Where to begin?
      1m 19s
    2. Reviewing the basic cleanup tools
      3m 59s
    3. Removing small distractions
      2m 41s
    4. Using selections and cloning to remove distractions
      4m 26s
    5. Simplifying the background with the Clone tool
      5m 12s
    6. Removing a garment strap
      5m 17s
    7. Removing a distracting logo
      3m 43s
    8. Removing lint from a T-shirt
      3m 40s
    9. Cleaning up a backdrop with Content-Aware Fill
      2m 58s
    10. Cleaning up a backdrop with the Patch tool
      4m 6s
  4. 22m 31s
    1. Extending a real-world scene, part 1
      4m 6s
    2. Extending a real-world scene, part 2
      4m 20s
    3. Removing distractions for a creative effect
      4m 31s
    4. Using selections and Free Transform to rebuild image elements
      3m 44s
    5. Moving a person with Content-Aware Move
      5m 50s
  5. 28m 48s
    1. Removing small details from the face
      4m 50s
    2. Retouching skin
      4m 35s
    3. Reducing hotspots, part 1
      4m 32s
    4. Reducing hotspots, part 2
      4m 36s
    5. Reducing brightness with selections and curves
      3m 26s
    6. Using Hue/Saturation to minimize variations in skin color
      3m 45s
    7. Removing tan lines
      1m 53s
    8. Leaving imperfections in portraits
      1m 11s
  6. 37m 15s
    1. Correcting tone with curves and masking
      5m 39s
    2. Fixing exposure and color with curves
      4m 14s
    3. Correcting tone with blending modes and masking
      5m 22s
    4. Using Shadows/Highlights to improve exposure
      5m 28s
    5. Using Soft Light layer blending to burn and dodge
      4m 37s
    6. Exploring the burning-and-dodging workflow
      6m 35s
    7. Using multiple techniques to improve shadows and highlights
      5m 20s
  7. 22m 42s
    1. Reducing wrinkles with the Healing Brush
      7m 21s
    2. Working on wrinkles and details
      6m 51s
    3. Fine-tuning and making final adjustments on wrinkles
      3m 44s
    4. Quick wrinkle reduction with the Patch tool
      4m 46s
  8. 43m 27s
    1. Enhancing eyes with adjustment layers and blending
      4m 7s
    2. Adding sparkle to the eyes
      4m 38s
    3. Increasing color with Colorize and blending modes
      5m 37s
    4. Rebuilding the edge of the eye
      6m 34s
    5. Whitening eyes, part 1
      3m 54s
    6. Whitening eyes, part 2
      5m 42s
    7. Removing eye veins and sharpening eyes behind glasses
      7m 8s
    8. Correcting color and tone behind glasses
      5m 47s
  9. 11m 26s
    1. Trimming eyebrows
      5m 25s
    2. Darkening eyebrows
      2m 48s
    3. Adding mascara to darken eyelashes
      3m 13s
  10. 16m 47s
    1. Enhancing lip color and tone with curves and masking
      4m 23s
    2. Using Color Balance and blending modes to improve the look of lips
      7m 41s
    3. Improving the look of lips with the Burn and Dodge tools
      4m 43s
  11. 13m 49s
    1. Teeth whitening made easy
      2m 33s
    2. Exploring advanced teeth whitening
      5m 0s
    3. Automating teeth whitening with actions
      5m 9s
    4. A note on retouching facial features
      1m 7s
  12. 35m 22s
    1. Covering and correcting hair discoloration
      5m 48s
    2. Fixing the color of hair roots
      3m 3s
    3. Making creative color adjustments to hair
      2m 44s
    4. Patching a gap in hair
      4m 27s
    5. Removing flyaway hairs
      6m 18s
    6. Fixing flyaway hairs with a complicated background
      5m 57s
    7. Adding accents and creative color to a fashion photograph
      7m 5s
  13. 27m 22s
    1. Brightening shadow areas on the face
      4m 22s
    2. Adding color to the cheeks and eyelids
      4m 30s
    3. Modifying eye makeup color
      3m 52s
    4. Increasing color saturation and variety
      4m 17s
    5. Enhancing color with the Lab Color space
      5m 44s
    6. Using Selective Color to create vibrant color
      3m 29s
    7. Additional makeup resources
      1m 8s
  14. 23m 15s
    1. High-pass skin softening
      6m 48s
    2. Creating a mask for the skin
      4m 23s
    3. Softening and adding even texture to the skin
      5m 36s
    4. Adding a soft glow to the skin and details
      6m 28s
  15. 34m 36s
    1. Adding dimension using curves and masking
      3m 50s
    2. Reshaping a jawline with Liquify
      4m 30s
    3. Reshaping a shirt with Liquify
      3m 13s
    4. Reshaping a shoulder with Liquify
      3m 22s
    5. Reshaping the body with Liquify
      2m 35s
    6. Using the Warp tool to reshape a jawline
      3m 33s
    7. Modifying the body with the Warp tool
      3m 35s
    8. Changing shape with selections and masking
      8m 32s
    9. Tips for thoughtful portrait retouching
      1m 26s
  16. 36s
    1. Goodbye
      36s

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Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching
6h 4m Intermediate May 25, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this course, photographer, author, and teacher Chris Orwig details the tools every photographer needs to retouch portraits to make them look their best while remaining authentic. The course includes an overview of the retouching process and how to develop a plan for a retouching project.

After exploring techniques to improve the overall photo, Chris shares his techniques for reducing wrinkles, enhancing eyes and other facial features, improving hair, and retouching makeup. The course concludes with a look at retouching skin and reshaping portions of a portrait using transformations, the Warp tool, and the Liquify filter.

Topics include:
  • Using selections and cloning to remove small distractions
  • Removing lint
  • Improving skin
  • Removing tan lines
  • Correcting tone with Curves and masking
  • Burning and dodging
  • Reducing wrinkles
  • Enhancing eyes
  • Whitening teeth
  • Fixing flyaway hairs
  • Adding and changing makeup
  • Softening and adding a glow to skin
  • Reshaping the body subtly
Subjects:
Photography Portraits Retouching
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Chris Orwig

Reducing hotspots, part 1

Skin retouching is really all about reducing variation, and you know, it's light, it's the brightness of light, and also the shadows which kind of bring out these different variations that we have in skin. So one thing that we can do is we can try to reduce that, especially in extreme situations. Like when I was capturing this portrait I hadn't realized how bright this spot was here on his forehead and also on his nose. I want to reduce or diminish this hotspot or this bright area of the picture.

To do that, we can use this interesting technique which involves copying the background layer, and then using the Clone Stamp tool on a blending mode. Well, let's take a look at how we can do this. Let's copy the Background layer first by pressing Command+J on the Mac, Ctrl+J on Windows. Then we'll name this new layer retouch. Next, select the Clone Stamp tool. You can press the S key to select that tool or you can click on it in the Tools panel. Then in the options bar you notice we have some options for blending.

Here we're going to choose a blending mode which will allow us to darken a certain area of the picture. We're going to select Multiply. Next, we need to lower our opacity, and we need to take this way down, way below 20 probably. Here I'm going to go down to 15%. In having a low opacity, this will make the adjustment a bit more delicate. Now with this image, because I don't have very much of an area to sample, I'm going to turn off Aligned. In that way if I choose a sample area it will always go back to that as it brings that darkening effect into this area.

Next, what you want to do is change your brush size here. I'll go ahead and decrease my brush size by pressing the left bracket key a bit. Then Option+Click or Alt+Click on a good sample area, and with the Clone Stamp tool if we start to paint what will happen is this will only affect the darker pixels. In other words, if the pixels are the same brightness value as where we sampled it won't affect those. Here let me build this up even a little bit more. This is going to be a bit exaggerated, but we'll start to see how we're darkening this part of our picture.

Now even at this exaggerated amount this final effect is going to work well. Just stick with me for a second until I finish it off and you'll see how we can make this look better. Next, for the nose I'll decrease my brush size by pressing the left bracket key, and then Option+Click or Alt+Click on a nice sample area and then you can go ahead and paint in that same darkening effect on that highlight as well. Well, now that I have done that, all of these adjustments are too strong. Yet, I'm not too worried about that, because I can lower my layer opacity.

If we decrease this all the way to 0, you can see there is the image with those hotspots. Let me zoom in a little bit so you can see those, and then as we click and drag this to the right, you can see how we can just diminish those. Really, what I'm looking to do is to kind of take the edge off of the brightness that we see there in that part of our image. By using this technique with a nice low opacity we can subtly just take that area down. You can go ahead and go back and clone over it again. Press Option or Alt and you can build this up even more. And by doing this multiple times you can darken it more so that this then, this effect, pulls back even more.

Last but not least, you will want to create a new layer. This one we'll go ahead and name retouch - 2, then select your Clone Stamp tool again, or make sure you have that selected. This time we're going to use a blending mode of normal. Here we'll Option+Click and Alt+Click and then we'll go ahead and just paint over it. By doing this we can bring in some of that original color. So if we've darkened it too much or if we've changed the hue, this will help us to bring back some of that original color there. This is pretty slight; just kind of adding a little bit of that on top of that area.

Once we've done that you can see that before and after with this adjustment. Here we're going to change our layer blending mode to Color. This color blending mode will help this; just diminish that color shift that we may have created in that part of our picture. Here is the before and then now here's the after. Now how far you will want to take this is obviously up to you. You could go even further. If you wanted to reduce or remove that more there are other techniques that you could apply above and beyond what we've done here.

So let's go ahead and take a look at how we could continue to remove this effect if we wanted to reduce it even more, and let's do that in the next movie.

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