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In this course, professional photo restorer Janine Smith describes how to use Photoshop to restore, retouch, and enhance old or damaged photos. It covers evaluating scanned images for imperfections, using the Clone Stamp tool and other Photoshop tools, and addressing common problems and their fixes, starting with the basics (fading, spots, and paper texture) and continuing with more complex challenges (rips, adhesive tape, ink marks, mold, and more). Also included are methods for fixing exposure problems and colorcast as well as advanced techniques in photo restoration, such as replacing backgrounds and recreating missing facial features and body parts. The course includes a project that takes an image from damaged start to restored finish.
Another type of texture occurs on pictures from a newspaper. Newsprint is made up of patterns, either dots or crosses usually, called moray. This newspaper photo of my parents' wedding is an extreme example because the photo is so small the newsprint pattern dominates the details, like the facial features. There's no way to make a newsprint picture look like a pristine, just-out-of-the- camera photo of course, but we can try to get a little detail back-- even if it's a little soft and blurred. The technique will be basically the same as for regular paper texture, but with different settings.
Open your image and duplicate the original layer using Ctrl+J on a PC or Command+J on a Mac. Go to Filter > Blur > Surface Blur and move your sliders around to find which are the best for your image. All the images will be different. For this particular image, I'm going to keep the Radius a bit low, around 3 again, and take the Threshold up to around 105, or thereabouts. 104 is good.
I'd like the image to be a little softer, but we don't want the result to be so blurry that we lose what little detail there is. So we'll hit OK and then go back up to the Filter menu and Blur, and this time we're going to select Gaussian Blur. We need to keep this very low, so as not to blow out any detail, just soften it a little bit. So we're going to stick around a Radius of--let's do around 1.8.
You can see it's still not a perfect picture, but it does look a little better. So let's hit OK and see the difference. You can at least see that they have faces. Here's one more way to lessen the Moray pattern. Let's turn off the visibility of the layer we just did, select the background layer, and use Ctrl+J or Command+J again to duplicate that layer. Now I will go back up to Filter > Noise > Median.
Move your slider to see the results on the image. See, the higher you get, the more indistinguishable the picture is at all, so that tells us we want to keep it nice and low. We'll look at a Radius of about 3. Notice it still looks pretty bad, but then you hit OK and go back up to Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur and do the same bit of Radius, around 2 or so, and hit OK.
Now let's compare all three and see how they look. Let's start with our original image. And this is the first texture reduction we did, and this is the second. And let's compare the two methods. You'll see, there is a distinct difference. The second method we did is a little more blurry than the first, but it all depends on your personal preferences. There are many different types of texture and many different ways to lessen it.
I've only gone over a couple of very basic methods here. Also remember, the settings of the filters will vary greatly from image to image and depend also on the resolution and quality of the image itself. Whether you need to reduce texture to help with the restoration process or to improve the image itself, there are ways you can reduce the texture without ruining the picture.
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