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Rebuilding the edge of the eye

From: Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching

Video: Rebuilding the edge of the eye

In the next two movies, we will be working with this photograph here, and we've worked on this picture in some of the previous chapters. If you click on the eye icon in the topmost layer here in the Layers panel, you can see the before, and now the after. And this is how far we've gotten with this picture, yet here, what I want to do is take it even further. Let's zoom in on the photograph, and what I want to focus in on is the eyes. What you will notice with the eyes is that there are a couple of things that we can clean up in order to improve them. In particular, I want to work on the edge of the eye here, and also the edge of this eye here.

Rebuilding the edge of the eye

In the next two movies, we will be working with this photograph here, and we've worked on this picture in some of the previous chapters. If you click on the eye icon in the topmost layer here in the Layers panel, you can see the before, and now the after. And this is how far we've gotten with this picture, yet here, what I want to do is take it even further. Let's zoom in on the photograph, and what I want to focus in on is the eyes. What you will notice with the eyes is that there are a couple of things that we can clean up in order to improve them. In particular, I want to work on the edge of the eye here, and also the edge of this eye here.

There's a little bit of a reflection there. You can see that the edge isn't that clear. So I want to clarify that, and we are going to do that by making a selection of a good part of the eye. This edge over here is great. We will select that, and then we'll put that on top of another area of the eye and then we will mask it in. Let me show you what I mean. Well here, go ahead and click on your Rectangular Marquee tool and then go down to the Elliptical Marquee tool. Next, in the options bar, increase your Feather amount a little bit; that will just give us the ability to have nice soft edges. And then go ahead and click, and drag over this side of the eye here.

Next, we want to copy that to a new layer, so press Command+J on a Mac, or Control+J on Windows. And if we turn off the visibility of the other layers, you can see we just have this little edge here on its own layer. Well, now that we have that there, we are going to use that in two places. First what we will do is use the Move tool, and here I am going to go ahead in click, and drag this over here to the right side of the image. In doing that, you can see how already it's looking a lot better. Now we need to mask this in, so that it looks perfect, but you can see how this works.

Next, I also want to use this technique on this edge of eye as well. So, because we have a nice good selection here, let's just duplicate this layer by pressing Command+J on a Mac, or Control+J on Windows, and then let's click and drag this one over to the other side. Now, it obviously is backwards here. So to fix that, press Command+T on the Mac, or Control+T on Windows. That's the shortcut to access free transform. If you forget the shortcut, you can go to the Edit menu, and then just choose Free Transform here.

Next, I want to flip this. So if you right-click, or Control+click in an area that you've free transformed, you can then choose Flip Horizontal. You can see now how it's facing the other direction. Well, now that we have that, we can go ahead and position this in that spot, you can use your arrow keys to move that around, and then press Enter or Return to apply that. Now again, already this is looking a lot better. Here is our before; here's our after, but of course, the eye isn't in the exact right position, so we need to do some masking.

Well, now that we have positioned this in the right spotm and we have determined that it's worthwhile to create this mask, let's turn off the visibility of the top layer, and let's also name that top layer left eye -- at least, to our left -- and then we will name the underlying layer right eye. That way we can keep things straight here. Well, with the right eye, let's click on the Add layer mask icon. Yet when we do that, hold down the Option key on a Mac, or the Alt key on Windows; that will create a mask filled with black, hiding all of this layer. Next, we will grab the Brush tool, and with our brush, we want to brush without any Hardness, and we will use a nice small brush as well.

Next what I want you to do is to go over to this area of the eye, and just start to paint with white. And here, what we will do is just, we will paint along this edge, and as we do that, we can see how we can bring that in, and it's also in a little bit of the wrong position. So click on the Move tool, then use your arrow keys just to nudge it over to get it in exactly the right position. You can kind of see here is our before, and after, how we are rebuilding that edge. That looks really nice. Let's do the same thing with the other eye. Click on the eye icon for the layer. Then hold down Option, or Alt, and then click on the Add layer mask icon.

When you hold down Option, or Alt, it obviously creates a mask filled with black. This is nice, because this allows us to see where we need to paint with this Brush tool here. We can then just paint along this edge. In painting along this edge, you can see that I painted away the problem, but my eye edge there is in the wrong spot. So, again, we will select the Move tool, and then use arrow keys to nudge this around, and just try to move that, so we can get that in just the right spot. Now, in doing this, sometimes what you'll need to do is you may need to rotate the edge of the eye. Press Command+T on a Mac, Control+T on Windows, and you can do that; you can rotate it. You can kind of see how I'm doing that here to get it so it fits correctly.

Other times what you might need to do is you might need to hold down the Command key on a Mac, Control key on Windows, and drag one of your corner points, and in doing that, you can kind of skew that edge, so that it fits perfectly into your image. Now, with this image, we don't need to make either of those adjustments. Yet, I just wanted to highlight that, so that if you run into that issue, you know how to fix that. Okay, well these adjustments are minor, yet they're really helpful. They kind of clarify these deep blue eyes, which are really important with this character portrait.

Well, now that we've made this correction, let's group these two layers together, click on the topmost layer, hold down the Shift key, click on the bottommost layer, then press Command+G on a Mac, Control+G on Windows -- think G for group -- and let's name this eye fix. And then here, we can go ahead and click on the eye icon to see our before, and after. And let me zoom in a little bit more closely; way past 100%, but here you can see that up close. Here's our before, and then here's our after, how we have fixed those edges.

If ever you notice that there are any problems with what we've done here, well, you could always create a mask, or add a mask to this, and kind of mask off areas of that. So let me show you how that would work. We will click on the Mask icon, and then with our Brush tool, we can paint with black. Here I will choose black there, and then lower the Opacity. And if I just kind of want to transition out some of the white area of the eye, I could do that. I could just kind of paint that off there a little bit, so that that blends in really perfectly. So again, you have a lot of control here in approaching it this way; by making a selection, free transforming that selection, and then masking it in, and then finally grouping these together, so that we can then have these in a group, and then apply one last mask, so that those eyes, or so that eye correction, looks really good.

All right! Well now that we've corrected this part of the eye, let's go ahead and take a look at how we can whiten or brighten the eyes, and let's do that in the next movie.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching
Photoshop for Photographers: Portrait Retouching

85 video lessons · 23835 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 58s
    1. Welcome
      1m 4s
    2. Using the exercise files
      54s
  2. 6m 49s
    1. Initial retouching considerations
      3m 51s
    2. Using a Wacom tablet
      1m 8s
    3. Exploring resources and finding inspiration
      1m 50s
  3. 37m 21s
    1. Where to begin?
      1m 19s
    2. Reviewing the basic cleanup tools
      3m 59s
    3. Removing small distractions
      2m 41s
    4. Using selections and cloning to remove distractions
      4m 26s
    5. Simplifying the background with the Clone tool
      5m 12s
    6. Removing a garment strap
      5m 17s
    7. Removing a distracting logo
      3m 43s
    8. Removing lint from a T-shirt
      3m 40s
    9. Cleaning up a backdrop with Content-Aware Fill
      2m 58s
    10. Cleaning up a backdrop with the Patch tool
      4m 6s
  4. 22m 31s
    1. Extending a real-world scene, part 1
      4m 6s
    2. Extending a real-world scene, part 2
      4m 20s
    3. Removing distractions for a creative effect
      4m 31s
    4. Using selections and Free Transform to rebuild image elements
      3m 44s
    5. Moving a person with Content-Aware Move
      5m 50s
  5. 28m 48s
    1. Removing small details from the face
      4m 50s
    2. Retouching skin
      4m 35s
    3. Reducing hotspots, part 1
      4m 32s
    4. Reducing hotspots, part 2
      4m 36s
    5. Reducing brightness with selections and curves
      3m 26s
    6. Using Hue/Saturation to minimize variations in skin color
      3m 45s
    7. Removing tan lines
      1m 53s
    8. Leaving imperfections in portraits
      1m 11s
  6. 37m 15s
    1. Correcting tone with curves and masking
      5m 39s
    2. Fixing exposure and color with curves
      4m 14s
    3. Correcting tone with blending modes and masking
      5m 22s
    4. Using Shadows/Highlights to improve exposure
      5m 28s
    5. Using Soft Light layer blending to burn and dodge
      4m 37s
    6. Exploring the burning-and-dodging workflow
      6m 35s
    7. Using multiple techniques to improve shadows and highlights
      5m 20s
  7. 22m 42s
    1. Reducing wrinkles with the Healing Brush
      7m 21s
    2. Working on wrinkles and details
      6m 51s
    3. Fine-tuning and making final adjustments on wrinkles
      3m 44s
    4. Quick wrinkle reduction with the Patch tool
      4m 46s
  8. 43m 27s
    1. Enhancing eyes with adjustment layers and blending
      4m 7s
    2. Adding sparkle to the eyes
      4m 38s
    3. Increasing color with Colorize and blending modes
      5m 37s
    4. Rebuilding the edge of the eye
      6m 34s
    5. Whitening eyes, part 1
      3m 54s
    6. Whitening eyes, part 2
      5m 42s
    7. Removing eye veins and sharpening eyes behind glasses
      7m 8s
    8. Correcting color and tone behind glasses
      5m 47s
  9. 11m 26s
    1. Trimming eyebrows
      5m 25s
    2. Darkening eyebrows
      2m 48s
    3. Adding mascara to darken eyelashes
      3m 13s
  10. 16m 47s
    1. Enhancing lip color and tone with curves and masking
      4m 23s
    2. Using Color Balance and blending modes to improve the look of lips
      7m 41s
    3. Improving the look of lips with the Burn and Dodge tools
      4m 43s
  11. 13m 49s
    1. Teeth whitening made easy
      2m 33s
    2. Exploring advanced teeth whitening
      5m 0s
    3. Automating teeth whitening with actions
      5m 9s
    4. A note on retouching facial features
      1m 7s
  12. 35m 22s
    1. Covering and correcting hair discoloration
      5m 48s
    2. Fixing the color of hair roots
      3m 3s
    3. Making creative color adjustments to hair
      2m 44s
    4. Patching a gap in hair
      4m 27s
    5. Removing flyaway hairs
      6m 18s
    6. Fixing flyaway hairs with a complicated background
      5m 57s
    7. Adding accents and creative color to a fashion photograph
      7m 5s
  13. 27m 22s
    1. Brightening shadow areas on the face
      4m 22s
    2. Adding color to the cheeks and eyelids
      4m 30s
    3. Modifying eye makeup color
      3m 52s
    4. Increasing color saturation and variety
      4m 17s
    5. Enhancing color with the Lab Color space
      5m 44s
    6. Using Selective Color to create vibrant color
      3m 29s
    7. Additional makeup resources
      1m 8s
  14. 23m 15s
    1. High-pass skin softening
      6m 48s
    2. Creating a mask for the skin
      4m 23s
    3. Softening and adding even texture to the skin
      5m 36s
    4. Adding a soft glow to the skin and details
      6m 28s
  15. 34m 36s
    1. Adding dimension using curves and masking
      3m 50s
    2. Reshaping a jawline with Liquify
      4m 30s
    3. Reshaping a shirt with Liquify
      3m 13s
    4. Reshaping a shoulder with Liquify
      3m 22s
    5. Reshaping the body with Liquify
      2m 35s
    6. Using the Warp tool to reshape a jawline
      3m 33s
    7. Modifying the body with the Warp tool
      3m 35s
    8. Changing shape with selections and masking
      8m 32s
    9. Tips for thoughtful portrait retouching
      1m 26s
  16. 36s
    1. Goodbye
      36s

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