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In this tutorial we're going to look at basic transforms in Photoshop. We're going to learn a lot of little tricks here in this video, it's going to be fun. So, let me show you what's going on here in this project. I have this interface guy that we've been looking at throughout this chapter, but I also have this Corner Piece Layer. Just turn this on and off so you can see that here in the bottom left-hand corner. And I want to take this image, or this little piece here, and put it in all of the corners. I could draw it from scratch at each one of these corners. That's really an inefficient way to work. So what we can do here is select this Layer, and I could duplicate it by dragging this Layer, to the New Layer icon.
So if we click this button we'll Create a New Blank Layer, but if we drag a Layer here, or a Layer group, it will duplicate it. So now I have this corner piece copy, and this is what I want to work on. So with the Corner Piece copy Layer selected I want to go to the Edit menu and Choose Free transform. This one of the features I actually use all of the time so I have this keyboard shortcut memorized Cmd+T on the Mac, Ctrl+T on the pc. And that enter free transform mode.
So, I'm going to choose this and we enter, like I mentioned, a Free transform mode. We can't do anything else in Photoshop until we cancel these changes or accept them. So, I can click and drag inside this box and move this around. And I can also rescale, or re-size, this by grabbing onto one of the sides. And moving side to side or up and down or I could grab one of the corner points and do both at the same time. Now if I want to constrain proportions so that I'm not stretching this some way on accident, I hold the Shift key while I'm dragging.
And that's same on both Mac and PC, but that's really important to make sure that you don't accidentally put your image askew a little bit. Now, if I put my cursor a little bit outside of one of these corner points, you could see that it turns into this curved, double-sided arrow. And that's the sign for rotation. So now if I click and drag, I could actually rotate this object, and this little popup tells me how much I'm rotating it. Now, if I want to rotate this 90 degrees, which is actually what I want to do, I find that's kind of tricky, to get it right on 90 degrees. So what I can do is just hold the Shift key, and then it rotates in 15 degree increments.
So then I can get to 90 degrees and just stop right there. And I can move this into place. And I can now, either go up here in the options bar and I can cancel those changes, or, I can accept them by clicking the check mark. I actually want to cancel them, because I want to show you a few other tricks there. So I'm going to click this Cancel button. Likewise, you can just press Escape on your keyboard. Just press the Escape key. So we're going to go back into Free Transform mode, by pressing Cmd+T, or Ctrl+T. And here's another way to do that. I'm just going to right-click on the object, when I'm in Free Transform mode, and you can see that I have all of these options.
So what I can do is just flip this horizontally, let's say. And then I could drag this over To the right-hand side. If I want to keep it on the same line, I could hold the Shift key and then make sure that I won't move it. If I didn't hold the Shift key then I could move it and it's hard to get it in the exact same spot. Holding the Shift key makes sure it stays on the same axis which is very nice. And I can just set it there and then I'm going to hit enter on the numeric keypad or press the check mark here to accept the change.
Now I want to duplicate this again so I'm going to drag and drop this Layer now to the New Layer icon at the bottom of the Layers panel. Let go, and now I have the duplicate, and we can press Cmd+T or Ctrl +T on the PC, again, to free-transform this copy. And right-click on this, and now I'm going to Choose Flip Vertical, so now it's flipped vertical. I now hold the Shift key as I drag up to constrain the axis, and I can click. Enter on the numeric keypad to accept that.
One more time, drag this down to the New Layer icon in the Layers panel. Duplicate it, hit Cmd+T, or Ctrl+T on the PC to duplicate it. Right-click, and this time I'm going to choose rotate 90 degrees. Let's see would that be counter clockwise? And now I can drag this over. You can see that the proportions aren't exactly the same doing that. So, what I want to do is hit the Escape key there. And I'm going to go back into Free Transform mode, hitting Cmd+T or Ctrl+T again.
And right-click. And I want to show you that there are other things you can do with this menu here. I'm actually going to choose flip horizontal and then hold the Shift Key and drag this over. But before I except this change, I'm going to right-click again and I want to choose Warp. So that's another thing we can do in free transform mode. We could warp this. We get this grid here and this takes some getting used to but If you play around with it, you'll find that you can do some really interesting things. So I click on these points and I can actually now move this around to create this, kind of, warped effect. And these little points here are also like little handles that you can use to move this around.
So if I wanted to create a curved effect, I could do that as well. And then to accept that change, again, I press enter on the numeric keypad on my keyboard or I can press a check mark in the Options Bar. And there is this curve effect. So basically, to scale and rotate, even distort a Layer, Free Transform Mode is the way to go.
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