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Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals
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Patching eye bags


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Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals

with Deke McClelland

Video: Patching eye bags

I've saved my progress as Overlay eyes.psd. In this exercise, we are going to work on these eye bags here in a couple of different ways. But first I want to show you the advantage of having this Overlay paint layer so now I can use it anytime I want to. So for example, I'll go ahead and grab my Brush tool here. I'll switch the foreground color to black by pressing the X key. So now you can see foreground is black. I want to make the bridge of my nose a little darker. So I'll just paint down it a little bit like that. And because the opacity of the Overlay layer is down to 10%, it makes a pretty modest contribution which is good.
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  1. 39m 52s
    1. Welcome to Photoshop CS5 One-on-One
      1m 49s
    2. Making Photoshop your default image editor
      7m 43s
    3. Installing the DekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      8m 10s
    4. Remapping Mac OS shortcuts
      7m 37s
    5. Installing the Best Workflow color settings
      4m 31s
    6. The color settings explained
      6m 54s
    7. Loading the CS5 color settings in Bridge
      3m 8s
  2. 53m 36s
    1. There is nothing you can't do
      2m 1s
    2. The power of Photoshop
      4m 43s
    3. Duplicating a layer
      4m 49s
    4. Liquifying an image
      4m 43s
    5. Adding a layer mask
      5m 54s
    6. Loading an alpha channel
      7m 42s
    7. Selecting with Color Range
      4m 10s
    8. Making a Hue/Saturation layer
      2m 53s
    9. Luminance blending
      7m 21s
    10. Mask density
      5m 9s
    11. Making a knockout layer
      4m 11s
  3. 51m 23s
    1. The best way to work
      41s
    2. Setting General preferences
      5m 33s
    3. Changing the pasteboard color
      5m 41s
    4. File handling, performance, and units
      7m 25s
    5. Touring the Photoshop interface
      11m 5s
    6. Creating and saving a workspace
      7m 21s
    7. Changing settings and updating the workspace
      6m 4s
    8. Resetting the preferences
      7m 33s
  4. 2h 46m
    1. The amazing Adobe Bridge
      1m 17s
    2. Making a new image
      5m 11s
    3. Opening an image
      7m 7s
    4. Opening and closing multiple images
      5m 24s
    5. Opening a problem image
      4m 23s
    6. Adding file information
      8m 37s
    7. Introducing Adobe Bridge
      7m 37s
    8. A whirlwind tour of Bridge
      7m 21s
    9. Adjusting the interface and thumbnails
      8m 18s
    10. Using the full-screen preview
      8m 5s
    11. Rotating images on their sides
      5m 38s
    12. Assigning star ratings and labels
      8m 40s
    13. Filtering thumbnails in the Contents panel
      9m 13s
    14. Moving, copying, and deleting files
      6m 34s
    15. Creating and assigning keywords
      6m 38s
    16. Searches and collections
      7m 3s
    17. Batch-exporting JPEG files
      8m 57s
    18. Batch-renaming
      7m 15s
    19. String substitution and regular expressions
      8m 50s
    20. Grouping images into stacks
      7m 21s
    21. Comparing images in Review mode
      5m 58s
    22. Playing images in a slideshow
      4m 49s
    23. Customizing and saving the workspace
      7m 17s
    24. Using Mini Bridge in Photoshop CS5
      8m 36s
  5. 1h 1m
    1. Learning to swim inside an image
      37s
    2. The tabbed-window interface
      5m 19s
    3. Arranging image windows
      4m 26s
    4. Common ways to zoom
      5m 31s
    5. New zoom tricks in Photoshop CS5
      4m 24s
    6. Hidden old-school zoom tricks
      4m 34s
    7. Scrolling and panning images
      4m 8s
    8. Viewing the image at print size
      6m 42s
    9. The Navigator and "bird's-eye" scrolling
      2m 56s
    10. Nudging the screen from the keyboard
      2m 39s
    11. Scroll wheel tricks
      3m 41s
    12. The Rotate View tool
      3m 36s
    13. Cycling between screen modes
      6m 17s
    14. Using the numerical zoom value
      6m 14s
  6. 1h 6m
    1. Imaging fundamentals
      58s
    2. What is image size?
      7m 45s
    3. The Image Size command
      6m 0s
    4. Selecting an interpolation option
      4m 56s
    5. Upsampling versus "real" pixels
      5m 22s
    6. The penalty of pixels
      5m 35s
    7. Print size and resolution
      7m 26s
    8. Downsampling for print
      6m 39s
    9. Downsampling for email
      7m 28s
    10. Options for upsampling
      8m 13s
    11. Better ways to make a big image
      6m 1s
  7. 44m 43s
    1. Frame wide, crop tight
      1m 2s
    2. Using the Crop tool
      8m 8s
    3. Fixing out-of-canvas wedges
      5m 31s
    4. Crop tool presets
      6m 53s
    5. Previewing the crop angle
      4m 24s
    6. The Crop command
      4m 47s
    7. Straightening with the Ruler tool
      4m 18s
    8. Cropping without clipping
      5m 1s
    9. Perspective cropping
      4m 39s
  8. 1h 41m
    1. Making drab colors look better
      1m 20s
    2. Brightness and contrast
      4m 10s
    3. Adjusting numerical values
      4m 26s
    4. Introducing adjustment layers
      5m 17s
    5. Editing adjustment layers
      2m 51s
    6. Saving adjustment layers
      4m 35s
    7. Adding a quick layer mask
      4m 23s
    8. Introducing the Histogram
      4m 34s
    9. Working with the Histogram panel
      6m 27s
    10. Using Color Balance
      7m 18s
    11. Introducing the Variations command
      4m 51s
    12. Luminance and saturation controls
      3m 54s
    13. Fading a static adjustment
      3m 21s
    14. How hue and saturation work
      4m 28s
    15. Rotating hues and adjusting saturation
      6m 4s
    16. Creating a quick and dirty sepia tone
      4m 42s
    17. Adjusting hues selectively
      5m 32s
    18. The Target Adjustment tool
      4m 24s
    19. Photoshop CS5 Target Adjustment enhancements
      53s
    20. Adjusting the color of clothing
      8m 44s
    21. Enhancing a low-saturation image
      4m 23s
    22. Refining saturation with Vibrance
      5m 1s
  9. 1h 57m
    1. Photoshop versus the real world
      1m 21s
    2. Meet the selection tools
      10m 26s
    3. Marking the center of an image
      4m 9s
    4. Drawing a geometric selection outline
      4m 45s
    5. Blurring a selection outline with Feather
      6m 8s
    6. Copy and paste versus drag and drop
      5m 31s
    7. Creating a graduated selection
      4m 29s
    8. Aligning one image with another
      4m 45s
    9. Accessing the Move tool on the fly
      3m 34s
    10. Invert and Match Colors
      5m 4s
    11. Matching colors selectively
      3m 52s
    12. Feathering and filling a selection
      5m 14s
    13. Dressing up a composition with effects
      5m 34s
    14. The incredible image rotation trick
      2m 18s
    15. The Magic Wand tool
      4m 12s
    16. Tolerance and other options
      7m 7s
    17. Grow, Similar, and Inverse
      5m 39s
    18. Quick selection and the Magnetic Lasso
      7m 27s
    19. Evaluating a selection in Quick Mask
      8m 52s
    20. Saving and loading selections
      6m 14s
    21. Placing an image with a layer mask
      3m 23s
    22. Eliminating edge fringing
      7m 43s
  10. 1h 58m
    1. Brushing to correct
      56s
    2. How brushing works
      4m 52s
    3. Working with spacing
      7m 32s
    4. Changing size and hardness
      7m 45s
    5. The heads-up Color Picker
      7m 17s
    6. Flipping a mirror image
      3m 33s
    7. Setting the source for the History brush
      3m 42s
    8. Brightening details with the Dodge tool
      7m 49s
    9. Darkening details with the Burn tool
      3m 5s
    10. The Sponge tool
      4m 29s
    11. Backing off edits
      8m 4s
    12. Patching eye bags
      8m 57s
    13. Evening out flesh tones
      7m 23s
    14. Smoothing away whiskers
      7m 41s
    15. Reducing shadow noise
      7m 0s
    16. How healing works
      4m 40s
    17. The enhanced Spot Healing brush
      4m 52s
    18. Using the better Healing brush
      4m 23s
    19. Introducing the Clone Source panel
      3m 49s
    20. Cloning from one layer to another
      5m 30s
    21. Working with multiple sources
      4m 44s
  11. 1h 23m
    1. The layered composition
      1m 0s
    2. Making a new background layer
      6m 58s
    3. Working with "big layers"
      6m 24s
    4. Move, Duplicate, and Scale
      4m 11s
    5. Transforming a copy and repeat
      5m 15s
    6. Stacking order and eyedropping a layer
      5m 15s
    7. Adjusting multiple layers at once
      4m 22s
    8. Switching between layers
      4m 56s
    9. Making a digital star field
      5m 9s
    10. Blend mode and clipping mask
      4m 50s
    11. Dragging and dropping from your desktop
      4m 38s
    12. Black + Lens Flare = glow
      6m 16s
    13. Locking transparency
      5m 42s
    14. Adding gradient layers
      8m 12s
    15. Stacking an adjustment layer
      4m 12s
    16. Adding shadow and stroke
      6m 9s
  12. 1h 17m
    1. Outputting from Photoshop and Bridge
      1m 32s
    2. Printing an RGB composite
      5m 31s
    3. Customizing the subjective print file
      3m 15s
    4. Gauging print size
      5m 35s
    5. Scale, position, and page orientation
      5m 6s
    6. Three important printing curiosities
      4m 41s
    7. Introducing the Output options
      5m 34s
    8. Establishing a bleed
      5m 52s
    9. Using the Color Management options
      7m 21s
    10. Generating a PDF contact sheet
      6m 18s
    11. Creating a contact sheet template
      6m 8s
    12. Saving and opening a PDF contact sheet
      4m 18s
    13. Introducing the Web Gallery
      7m 53s
    14. Exporting and editing an HTML site
      3m 58s
    15. The Airtight Photocard site
      4m 56s
  13. 1h 9m
    1. Rules of the web
      1m 1s
    2. Introducing web graphics
      6m 59s
    3. A first look at Save for Web
      5m 47s
    4. Scaling a layered image versus a flat one
      7m 30s
    5. Incremental downsampling
      3m 1s
    6. Adding text, bar, and stroke
      4m 24s
    7. Assigning copyright and metadata
      6m 21s
    8. Comparing GIF, JPEG, and PNG
      4m 59s
    9. Determining the perfect JPEG settings
      6m 31s
    10. Saving metadata
      3m 52s
    11. Working with an unprofiled RGB image
      4m 35s
    12. Downsampling graphic art
      4m 49s
    13. Saving a GIF graphic
      6m 1s
    14. Antiquated GIF versus the better PNG
      4m 6s
  14. 1m 37s
    1. Until next time
      1m 37s

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Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals
17h 33m Beginner May 07, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Photoshop is the world’s most powerful image editor, and it’s arguably the most complex, as well. Fortunately, nobody knows the program like award-winning book and video author Deke McClelland. Join Deke as he explores such indispensable Photoshop features as resolution, cropping, color correction, retouching, and layers. Gain expertise with real-world projects that make sense. Exercise files accompany the course.

Download Deke's free dekeKeys and color settings from the Exercise Files tab.

Topics include:
  • Assembling photorealistic compositions
  • Understanding image size and resolution
  • Correcting the brightness and color of images
  • Creating accurate selection outlines
  • Retouching and healing photos
  • Mastering layers and effects
  • Printing and exporting to the web
Subjects:
Design Photography
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Deke McClelland

Patching eye bags

I've saved my progress as Overlay eyes.psd. In this exercise, we are going to work on these eye bags here in a couple of different ways. But first I want to show you the advantage of having this Overlay paint layer so now I can use it anytime I want to. So for example, I'll go ahead and grab my Brush tool here. I'll switch the foreground color to black by pressing the X key. So now you can see foreground is black. I want to make the bridge of my nose a little darker. So I'll just paint down it a little bit like that. And because the opacity of the Overlay layer is down to 10%, it makes a pretty modest contribution which is good.

I could also paint directly on the front of my nose if I wanted to, but I think that goes too far. So I'll press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac to undo that. There is this area right here I want to paint on for the sake of consistency just to make that a little more even. Then there is this line on my face. I don't know what the heck that's about. But I am going to reduce the size of my Brush to quite small like this and paint over it. If I feel like that goes too far which I think it does actually. In fact you know what? I am going to increase the size of my Brush and try that again; Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac.

When you work with very small brushes, they also tend to be tighter; meaning that they don't feel as soft as big brushes. So I am going to try painting over that area with a big soft brush. That goes too far. In other words, the Brush is too thick. So now I am going to come at it with the Eraser tool. If you are really wanting to finesse things, you could layer mask this. But there is not really any reason to go to that extreme at this point. So I am just going to select this Eraser tool, press the E key if you want, right-click because by default the Eraser is set to a Hardness of 100%, back that off to 0%, maybe increase the Size value a little bit as well if you want to; although, you can do that on the fly of course, press the Enter key a couple of times, Return key on the Mac in order to hide that panel.

When you are erasing on a layer, you actually erase pixels to get rid of them. So I could paint around that brush stroke to get rid of the bad stuff I don't want. Because right about there, it's kind of making the skin look weird, kind of grayish, and then I'll paint that off as well. That will just get rid of that little line hopefully that I had there. That's without that layer, this is with the layer. So I think that looks better. Now, for the eye bags as promised, I am going to press the L key to switch to the Lasso tool, and I am going to select around this region right here, so pretty big selection; that might be a little bit too much.

So I'll Alt+Drag like so or Option+ Drag on the Mac to deselect that region. Then I want to feather. So I'll go up to the Select menu, choose Modify, choose Feather once again, Ctrl+Alt+D, Command+Option+D on the Mac, and leave the Radius value at 2 pixels, click OK. Now then, press Ctrl+H, Command+H on the Mac in order to hide the selection outline so we can see what we are doing, and switch to that Background layer because we need to edit that layer; that's where the eye bag is after all, and press the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac.

In CS5, that brings up the Fill dialog box with this new Content-Aware option. So set Use to Content-Aware, Blending: Normal, Opacity: 100%. Let's see how well it fares, and it fares terribly. It doesn't work very well. It tends to work fairly well inside of textures and landscapes and that kind of stuff. But I don't find that makes particularly good choices inside of portraits. So I am going to press Ctrl +Z, Command+Z on the Mac. Instead, I am going to take advantage of this tool right here; the Healing Brush. Go ahead and click-and-hold on it, and switch to the Patch tool.

I'll demonstrate the Healing Brush shortly. But we'll start with the Patch tool here. The Patch tool allows you to drag a selection around to a different area. So go ahead and grab that Patch tool. You can get to it by pressing the J key a couple of times if you want to. Let's move into the selection. You can tell that you are inside the selection there, because you can see that little dotted marquee in the lower right corner of the cursor, just a tiny guy there. Drag that selection down until you get into an area that doesn't have quite so many problems which is about there. That's really going to be the only good area of the face.

You can't go to the other side because that's going to introduce totally different lighting. You can't come down here because I might have whiskers under my eyes. You can't go to the forehead because my goodness, that would just add more wrinkles. So drag down here, and then release. Notice that it does a pretty darn good job of covering up that blemish. Now, you don't want to just leave it that way because that looks like an unnatural dent in my face. You want to marry this healed version of the image with the original. You do that by going up to the Edit menu, and choosing Fade Patch Selection or press Ctrl+Shift+F, Command+Shift+F on the Mac.

If you take the Opacity all the way down to 0, you lose your edit entirely and if you take it up to 100%, then you don't see the original image at all. So somewhere in between is good. I'd say somewhere around 65% for this eye does a pretty decent job. Then click OK. Then we might go ahead and do the same thing with the other eye. Now, we can stick with the Patch tool incidentally. It works just like the Lasso tool. So you can drag around an area like so or press Ctrl+D, Command+D on the Mac to deselect that area. If you don't have anything selected, you can Alt+Click in order to get the Polygonal Lasso function.

So that's how the Patch tool works, just basically a variation on the Lasso tool. Then I am going to go up to the Select menu, and I am going to choose Modify yet again, choose Feather, Ctrl+Alt+D, Command+Option+D on the Mac if you've loaded dekeKeys of course, Feather Radius: 2, click OK. Let's go ahead and drag it down here this time around, and release, and see how that fares; Press Ctrl+H, Command+H on the Mac. That looks okey-dokey. We have a little bit of weird brightness right there that I could work on if I wanted to.

But instead I am just going to go to the Edit menu and choose Fade Patch Selection, Ctrl+Shift+F, Command+Shift+F on the Mac. Let's take this down to 50 % and see how that works. That looks pretty darn good. I like that. Click OK in order to accept that modification. Then you know what? I am going to zoom here. I don't like this edge very much. So I'll press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac, deselect the image, and I'll see what I can do with the History Brush. Go ahead and click on it to select it, reduce the size dramatically of course and then try painting across that seam.

You might want to paint multiple times. Eventually, you should get a better seam out of it. That looks pretty good, I think. I'll go ahead and zoom back out. Those are the improved eye bags. What I see a lot of folks do inside of Photoshop is go too far with this kind of thing. For example, let's say you decided you want to get rid of these creases a little, which is by the way generally speaking a very bad idea. I do not recommend you get rid of creases under people's eyes to any extent. If you are going to do it, you need to do it very lightly because it makes people look like absolute freaks.

It's one of the most common things that I see early re-touchers do. But anyway, let me show you how to do it well just in case you are really hankering to do it. Again, I am going to press Ctrl+Alt+D, Command+Option+D to apply the Feather command, 2 is great, sounds good, drag this down with the Patch tool and release, press Ctrl+H, Command+H on the Mac in order to see what we have done. Notice that just takes the definition out of the person's eye. This is why I think it makes people look freakish. It's an obvious sign of retouching. I mean nobody's eye is formed like this.

A newborn baby has a crease under its eye. Anyway, so what you would do knowing full, well that you've gone too far is you would now press Ctrl+Shift+F or Command +Shift+F for the Fade command, and you would take this way down to like something like 20% maybe. If you wanted to take it to 30%, fine, but not too much higher, click OK. Then of course you do pretty much the same thing on the other side here. I would drag around this area of the eye like so. In order to select it, press Ctrl+Alt+ D or Command+Option+D for Feather, 2, click OK, drag down in order to find a good area, release, press Ctrl+H, Command+H on the Mac, so you hide the selection outline. Oh! My goodness, you have gone too far, Ctrl+Shift+F, Command+Shift+F on the Mac, dial in 30, see how it looks.

Let's take it down a little more on this one, 25%, click OK, and we are done with those eyes. Now, one thing you want to do when you are healing inside of Photoshop is you want to take a look at what you've done, and make sure that you don't have too much repetition of detail going on. If you do find repetition of detail, then you can fix that up using another application of the Patch tool or the Healing Brush or something along those lines. We'll see those guys in more detail later. But for now I just want you to know that, that can happen.

You can end up seeing textures duplicated again and again once you start healing and cloning inside of Photoshop. Let's get a sense of what we've done. I'll go ahead and press the F12 key so we can see the original gnarly details under these eyes. So that was then, this is now. Have to admit, I think it is better. In the next exercise, I am going to show you how to even out these yellowish skin tones.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals.


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Q: While following along to the tutorial, my copy of Bridge does not have the same Export options as shown in the video. Why are these options missing in my copy?
A: For some reason, Bridge CS5 shipped without the Export options. They were included when Bridge updated to version 4.0.1. Updating Bridge will restore the export options.
Q: While following along with the exercises, next to the background layer on my Layers panel \, it shows a brush instead of the small picture, as it does in the video. What can I do to fix this? I erased the exercise files and started over, but it still shows the paintbrush.
A: This will occur if the Layers panel preview is turned off. To fix this, right-click in the empty gray area below the Background layer. Then choose Large Thumbnails. The thumbnail previews should come back immediately.
Q: The instructions for installing the dekeKeys don't work on my computer (which is running Mac OS X Lion). Is there an update to these?
A: The dekeKeys distributed with this course will still work for Lion. You just need to add them to a slightly different folder than in previous versions of OS X.

Open a new Finder window and choose Go > Go to Folder. Type the following file path exactly as written below. Copying and pasting may result in an error.

~/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Adobe Photoshop CS5/Presets/Keyboard Shortcuts

Move and/or copy/paste the dekeKeys to this folder and follow the rest of the instructions as outlined in the video, "Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts."
Q: How do I load the color workflow setting for this course? I downloaded the exercise files, and when I attempt to load the setting into Photoshop, they don't appear in the Finder.

A: These days, it's easier to assign the workflow settings manually. In Photoshop, choose Edit > Color Settings. Then change the first RGB setting to Adobe RGB, and click OK.

 
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