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In Photoshop CS6 for Photographers, author, photographer, and teacher Chris Orwig explores Photoshop from the perspective of the photographer.
The course details the features and techniques behind enhancing and retouching photos, preparing them for print and online publishing, and much more. Chris demonstrates how to make basic edits in Camera Raw, develop and save color profiles, work with layers and selections, tone and sharpen, and retouch images while retaining their natural character.
Chris also shares some creative tips and project ideas, such as converting a photo to black-and-white and enhancing a portrait with hand-painted masks. The course also covers workflow details, such as organizing images in Bridge and Mini Bridge, optimizing Photoshop preferences, and calibrating your monitor.
Here, we are going to take a look at how we can work with color spaces and color profiles, and how we can work with different type of images. We will be working with these four photographs here that you can find in the Chapter 04 folder. Let's start off in Photoshop. To navigate to Photoshop from the Adobe Bridge, you can click on this boomerang icon here, and that will take you to Photoshop. Next inside of Photoshop, what I want you to do is to navigate to your Edit pulldown menu and then select Color Settings. This will open up our Color Settings dialog.
And I want to do this just to highlight our current working space. Currently the color space that I've chosen is Adobe RGB (1998). I've also asked Photoshop to let me know if there is a profile mismatch. In other words, it will let me know if I open up a file which isn't in this current working space. Well, let's go ahead and click OK here. Let's go back to the Adobe Bridge. You can do so by choosing File and then Browse in Bridge. Here, in the Adobe Bridge, I am going to open up this file, Adobe_RGB.jpg.
This image is in the color space of Adobe RGB (1998), the same working space that I have in Photoshop. So to open up this file, we will simply double-click it, and it will open in Photoshop. Again, there is no problem because this is in the accurate color space. Okay. Well, let's go back to Bridge and see what will happen if we have an image which isn't in the same color space. Once again, choose File then Browse in Bridge. Here, I will select this file. This one has been converted to the sRGB color space.
Let's go ahead and double-click that in order to open it up. When we do that Photoshop gives us this warning message. Now this warning message makes it seem like something bad has happened. Well, not necessarily. Let's read what we see here. Well, it shows us that this image has an embedded color profile that doesn't match our current space. What's embedded is the sRGB workspace. We are working in Adobe RGB (1998). So what do you want to do? Well, there are three options, yet in reality there are only two.
The last option of Discard the embedded profile or don't color manage just isn't a good idea. So you very rarely will ever choose that option. So we can almost just cross that one off instantly. Well, what about these top two? We can either choose to use the embedded profile, or we can convert this to the current working space. Well, you might want to choose the embedded profile if you know that this image is going to go online. Well, the sRGB color space is great for that. As a matter of fact, you'll want your pictures to be in that sRGB color space if you are going to be posting them online.
On the other hand, you may decide that this image is going to be printed. In a situation like that, you might want to choose to convert the document's color space to the working space. So again, you can choose the appropriate option here based on what you want to do. In my case, I want to use the embedded profile. I am just going to post this image, say, on my blog or maybe email it to someone. So here I will go ahead and click OK. That will then open up this photograph. Now what's great about this is we can see the way that the photograph is going to be displayed. And let's say that we've decided that, you know what? While this is in this sRGB color space, I have actually decided I want to change that color space.
Well, how can we do that? What you can do is you can navigate to your Edit pulldown menu. Then you can choose this option Convert to Profile. You can do this with any file format. In this case, you can see the Source Space, currently sRGB. Well, I could change that to another profile here, and if you click on this pulldown menu, you can see we have different color profiles. So we could select another one. Let's choose this, Adobe RGB (1998), just for demo purposes and then go ahead and click OK.
That has now converted this file to this new color space. Well, what's important is whenever you're working with files is that when you save your files that you're sure to embed the color profile with the document. Let's take a look at that. We will navigate to File, and here I am going to choose Save As. This will open up my Save As dialog, and I am going to name this one--rather than sRGB--I'll go ahead and call this RGB-2, another version of that same file that we have there.
In this case, we want to make sure this check box is turned on, Embed Color Profile. And I can't emphasize this enough. This is so critical. In order to have good color management, we just need to have that on because that profile ensures that as we work with this image, well, that profile will then travel with that file so that this color can be accurately translated to different devices wherever this image goes. So again, as you're saving your photographs, whatever you're doing, just make sure this check box is always turned on.
Here, I will go ahead and click Save in order to save that file out and then simply click OK. Well, what about other files, say, like RAW files? Here, let's go back to the Adobe Bridge. I will click on File and then choose Browse in Bridge. In Bridge, I have these two RAW files that I captured. Let's start off with this first one here. I will just double-click it and it will open it up in Adobe Camera Raw. Well, when you're working with Adobe Camera Raw, the default color space--which you can see down here--is Adobe RGB (1998), therefore if I simply click Open, it will then open this image up in the working space and it's good to go.
Well, what about those situations where we want a wider gamut? We want more colors. We want that tub of crayons--of 200 crayons. We want pro photo. Well, we can access that in Adobe Camera Raw. Let's take a look at it. Here, we will go back to the Adobe Bridge, File > Browse in Bridge. Let's select this image here and double-click it to open it in Camera Raw. Well, you notice that this is our current color working space, but this also looks kind of like a link because it's underlined. If you click on it, it will open up a Workflow Options dialog.
Now we haven't talked a lot about Camera Raw yet, but I just want to highlight this here that we can change our color space. In this case, I am going to go to this ProPhoto RGB color space. This will then convert this to that color space and then click OK. Now once I open the image, we will see that we will also have a dialog which will tell us there is some sort of an issue here. Again, the Embedded profile, it's ProPhoto. We are working in Adobe RGB. Well, in a situation like this, I would want to use the Embedded profile because that would allow me to take advantage of that wider gamut of colors.
So in this case, just simply click OK in order to open this image up inside of Photoshop. So just to recap this a little bit, one of the things that you can see is that our color working space and also the profile that we choose are both really important decisions. We went to our Edit pulldown menu, and here we selected Color Settings. This is where we defined our working space. You want to define the working space for the color profile that you are going to be using most frequently. In the case of this training movie, I'll be using the Adobe RGB working space.
Next, as you're working with your files and as you save those out, you want to make sure that you're always tagging your files with that embedded color profile. Here, in this case, you want to make sure you leave that check box on in order to ensure that all of that color information and that profile is part of the document.
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