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There are many reasons you might want to focus your attention on a particular area of an image. For example, you might want to Zoom in to check sharpness, or to see a blemish that you need to clean up. Let's take a look at some of the various ways you can Zoom in and out on an image, and also pan around that photo. To start with, we can use keyboard shortcuts, if you press Ctrl+ on Windows or Cmd+ on Macintosh, you'll Zoom in step by step into the image. If you press Ctrl- on Windows or Cmd- Macintosh, you'll Zoom out step by step. You can also press Ctrl-0 on Windows or Cmd-0 on Macintosh to fit the image to the current view area.
And if you want to view the image at 100%, in other words in actual pixels view, where one pixel in the image is represented by one pixel on your monitor, then you can hold the Ctrl and Alt keys on Windows, or the Cmd and Option keys on Macintosh, and then press the number 0 on your keyboard. You can also the Zoom tool to Zoom In or Out. The Zoom tool is found on the toolbox and if you click that tool you can then click on the image to Zoom In on that particular area of the photo. You can also hold the Alt key on windows or the Option key on Macintosh to switch to the Zoom Out Option or you can click the Zoom Out button on the Options Bar and that will allow you to Zoom Out on the image.
If you double-click the Zoom tool on the toolbox that will take you to a 100% view of the image. Once you're Zoomed in you can also use the Hand tool in order to Pan around the photo looking at different areas of the image. You can think of this Hand as though it were a Hand that is pushing a print around on your desktop. You simply Click and Drag in the direction you want to move the image. If you want to get back to a Fit Image View, in other words, viewing the entire image, you can Double Click on the Hand tool on the toolbox. Note, by the way, that when we're working with the Hand tool or the Zoom tool we have buttons on the Options Bar that allows us to go to the actual pixels or 100% view, the Fit Screen and the Full Screen View, as well as a Print Size View, which is intended to preview the size the image will actually print. Another keyboard shortcut that I find helpful is to access the Zoom tool regardless of which tool is currently active.
For example let's assume that I'm doing some image cleanup work with the Spot Healing Brush tool, and I want to access the Zoom tool. I can simply hold the Ctrl and spacebar keys on Windows. Or the Cmd and spacebar keys on Macintosh, and then Click and Drag within the image. If you have the GPU Acceleration Features turned on, then Dragging to the right will Zoom in, and Clicking and Dragging to the left will Zoom Out. If you have that option turned off, you can simply Click and Drag to draw a box around the area you want to Zoom In on, and Photoshop will Zoom In so that that area fills the screen.
You can then press Ctrl+0 or Cmd+0 to Zoom Out to the Fit Image View. In addition to these options, there's also a Navigator panel. I'll go to the Window menu and choose Navigator, which will bring up our Navigator panel. I'll go ahead and make it a Floating panel, so that we can work with it a little bit more easily. And I'll enlarge the size of the panel so you can see a little bit better. And here, we have the option to Zoom In or Out by sliding our slider. We can also use the Make Image Smaller button or the Make Image Bigger button.
And once you've Zoomed In or Out, you'll notice that we have a red box indicating which portion of the image is currently visible. You can Click and Drag that box around the Navigator to change the view for the image itself. You can also click on a specific position within the Navigator to Zoom In on that portion of the image. In other words to Pan across the image so that portion is visible. And if you Click and Drag while holding the Ctrl key on Windows or the Cmd key on Macintosh, you can also Draw a Marquee within the Navigator to define which portion of the image you want to view. So the Navigator panel obviously can be very helpful to navigate around the image, to Zoom In or Out and Pan around as needed. Obviously, you'll need to choose for yourself which of these various options makes the most sense.
I tend to use keyboard shortcuts the most, but that doesn't mean that's the best fit for you. The key is take all of these options into account, and figure out what works best for you when you need to Zoom In or Out or Pan around an image.
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