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I've restored the original version of Paper pushers.psd. In this exercise we're going to take a look at the really great darkening functions inside a Photoshop and those include Multiply and the two Burn modes, Color Burn and Linear Burn. We're going to apply those modes to this wrestler's layer. So you may recall we've got wrestlers on one layer behind it, we've got this paper parchment and we want to merge the two together to create a darkening effect. Almost as if wrestlers is printed on this background paper, and in fact that is the effect we'll be simulating.
So I'm going to go ahead and turn wrestlers back on and make sure it's selected. Let's try just for larfs, let's try Darken and you can see just how hideous this mode really is. I'm going to go ahead and zoom in. It's just not built for this purpose is what it comes down to. What we're seeing because that either keeps the pixels transparent or opaque, we're seeing this opaque region inside of the woman's face and down into her jacket is well. Then just inside the highlights we're seeing transparency and so we're seeing little bits of parchment show through.
It's not becoming affected at all. It makes it look like she's breaking out in a rash. That's not what we want of course. We want a uniform darkening effect and to get such an effect you have to switch it up one here to Multiply and you end up getting this affect right there and it's just absolutely gorgeous, because it's incrementally darkening the colors inside of the image. So unlike Darken which is turning pixels on and off, Multiply is going ahead and burning every thing in continuously. So there's just one color that turns transparent and that is White, otherwise all the colors somehow darken the background.
If you want to think of this in terms of a real-world analogy, imagine that we went ahead and we took these wrestlers here and we printed them on one transparency, and then we took the parchment and printed it on another transparency and we laid the two on top of each other on a light table. This is the effect we would achieve, because the light has to shine through two transparencies now. It's going to darken on the way out. So you might also think of this as a tattooing effect or a magic marker effect. Any kind of ink effect works this way, and of course were we to actually print this couple on this parchment background this is the way they would look as well.
Now if that's too much of an effect for you than you'd back off the Opacity. For example, I could press 66 let's say in order to lower the Opacity value to 66%. If it's not enough, if I take it up to 100% that's still not enough oomph for me, then I could switch to one of the Burn modes and I'm going to do so by pressing Shift+, because they're right next door. So I'll press Shift+ for Color Burn for starters. Now Color Burn is unlikely to be a satisfactory mode in most cases, because not only does it tend to emphasize the darkening effect, it really goes nuts on the saturation values and you end up getting effect like this one right here where while it's interesting, it's very hard to read it.
It's hard to tell what's going on and of course the saturation values are fairly ridiculous. If you want to settle the saturation down and get a stronger effect, then you move one more forward to Linear Burn and this is what it looks like. Notice that the colors are much more tempered, but we still have a continuous darkening effect. Now the thing to bear in mind about Linear Burn is that it can result in clipped shadows. So you may have shadows just go absolutely black on you or so dark that they're not going to print. But there is a way of tempering the effect.
I'll come back to that in the future exercise, but for now I just want you to have a sense for how these modes work. So we're going to compare Multiply and Linear Burn to each other, like so. I'm going to press Shift+Alt+M or Shift+Option+M so that you can see the Multiply mode. There is it is! It is your when in doubt darkening effect. So if you're trying to get a printer effect like this one or you're trying to darken one layer into another or you're shading a layer, or you're trying to create any kind of shadow effect, start with Multiply. Don't use Darken at all by the way. Start with Multiply and if that doesn't quite work for you, most likely you want to press Shift+Alt+A or Shift+Option+A on the Mac to switch to Linear Burn and see what it looks like.
Remember, it's Shift+Alt+A or Shift+Option+A because Linear Burn stole that keyboard shortcut from Linear Dodge. So that's how the darkening effects work. In the next exercise I'm going to show you the lightening equivalents of what we've seen here. That is Screen and the two Dodge modes.
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