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Photoshop is the world’s most powerful image editor, and it’s arguably the most complex, as well. Fortunately, nobody knows the program like award-winning book and video author Deke McClelland. Join Deke as he explores such indispensable Photoshop features as resolution, cropping, color correction, retouching, and layers. Gain expertise with real-world projects that make sense. Exercise files accompany the course.
Download Deke's free dekeKeys and color settings from the Exercise Files tab.
I've saved my progress as Smaller big layer.psd found inside the 10_layers folder and indeed, my composition is smaller. If you drop down here to the Doc sizes, you can see that the value after the slash, which is the layered size of the image, is 14.1 megabytes. So I shaved away something like 6 megabytes worth of file size, which is penalty free, because I already have this file backed up elsewhere. Now if you switch over to Martini Hour banner.psd, press F7 to hide the Layers panel for a moment. You'll notice then I have three versions of this martini glass, each of which become progressively smaller.
So I want to scale and duplicate the glass twice. So I'm going to start off in this exercise showing you ways to move, duplicate, and scale an image. Then, we'll see how to put it all together in the next exercise. So back here in Smaller big layers. psd, bring back up my Layers panel by pressing F7, make sure my glass layer is active. Let's review a few ways to move and duplicate, and then we'll see a few new ways as well. One way to move a layer is to grab the Move Tool if you like, and you can get it by pressing the V key and then drag away, or if you want to get the Move Tool on the fly, you press the Control key or the Command key on the Mac, and then you just drag it here inside the Image window.
I'll undo that by pressing Control+Z, Commnad+Z on the Mac. You may recall that you can duplicate a layer by pressing Control+J, Command+J on the Mac for Jump to jump the layer to a new one. If you want to jump and name the layer in the same operation, I'll go ahead and undo that too. You press Control+Alt+J, Command+Option+ J on the Mac, that forces the display of the New Layer dialog box. Then presumably, I would call this glass 2 and click OK. I don't want that new layer. Then you can move that layer, if you like by Control+Dragging or Command+Dragging it; here inside the Image window.
I don't want this layer. However, I don't want to create it this way anyway, because I don't have enough control. To delete a layer, if nothing is selected, that is if you have no selection outline going inside the image, then you can delete the Active Layer by pressing the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac. You can also duplicate a layer directly inside the Layers panel, by pressing-and-holding the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac and dragging it. Notice, you get that little clone cursor that double arrowhead, then release and you have a copy of that layer.
I'll go ahead and undo that Control+Z, Command+Z on the Mac, because another way to work is to duplicate the layer directly inside the Image window. You can press Ctrl and Alt at the same time or Command and Option at the same time on the Mac, and you'll get that little clone cursor. Now drag the layer to a different location, and release and you have a duplicate. Alright, again, I'm going to undo. Now to scale the layer, how do you go about doing that? Well, the simplest thing to do is go to the Edit menu and choose the Free Transform command, or press Control+T or Command+T on the Mac.
Remember that keyboard shortcut, because we're going to come back to it in the next exercise. You can go to the Transform menu and choose Scale, but then you're locked into scaling the image, whereas if you choose Free Transform, you have access to every single other one of these operations. So go ahead and choose Free Transform that brings up your transformation boundary. Now I'm going to have to zoom out, in order to see the boundary of this big layer. Then presumably, you drag a corner handle, and press the Shift key in order to scale the graphic proportionally.
I want to take it down to about 68%. I think it would work pretty well for this effect, and then I can move it into position by dragging it, and I actually want to line things up with these two guides. The second vertical guide here and the second horizontal guide down as well. Then I press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac, in order to except that modification. Alright, that's scaled graphic, but it also got rid of the original one. I wanted to scale and duplicate at the same time. So I'm going to press Control+Z, Command+Z on the Mac in order to restore the original version of my graphic.
How do we scale and duplicate, and then repeat that scale and duplicate operation? Well, that is a question that I will answer in the very next exercise.
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