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In the previous movie, we increased the size of the eyes. In this movie, we are going to zoom in on the eyes and we're going to focus in on the pupils. So here's what we're going to do. We'll go ahead and click in the Image layer and we want to see the brackets around that image of those increased eyes there. We'll press Shift+M in order to select the Elliptical Marquee tool. Make sure you have that one. We'll go ahead and hold down the Shift key and we're going to click and drag to create a selection around these eyes. Once you have that selection, if you press the Spacebar key, you can reposition it. Basically, what I'm interested in doing is getting a pretty good selection of the pupil here and I'm going to do this one pupil at a time. So I'll go ahead and select that one. And then I'm going to copy it to a new layer. Press Command+J on a Mac, Ctrl+J on a PC.
Now that I have that pupil on its own layer, I'll press Command+T and then I'm going to go ahead and increase the size of the pupil. What this will do is again just add a little bit of visual interest. Now I go ahead and reposition that so it's in the center of the eye. Well here's our before and then after. Increasing that size, add to a little bit of this wide-eyed look to the image. So I'll go ahead and click back on the other image. Grab our Marquee tool. Make another selection around the other pupil. Copy that to new layer, Command+J on the Mac, Ctrl+J on a PC. Then free transform it, Edit > Free Transform or use the shortcut of course. We want to hold down the Shift key when you are changing the size of the pupil simply because that'll help it constrain proportions. It won't create anything that's unnatural or strange in that sense and then we want to turn on and off the visibility of the layer, just to make sure we are going in a good direction with this.
And we have the right position for both of those pupils. So I'll go ahead and just modify those just a bit there. And here we have before and after, before and after, overall before and then after, really interesting fascinating way to enhance or increase a little bit of visual interest in your photographs. All right, well now that we've done that, the last thing that I want to do is darken the edge of the eyes. Now there are number of different techniques that we can use in order to do this. I want to show you a new technique because I have already shown you one where we Burn and Dodge or where we burn down the details a little bit.
So here's a new technique for you. Click in your topmost layer, then on a Mac press Shift+Option+Command+E. On a PC that's Shift+Alt+Ctrl+E. That merges all of these underlying layers to the topmost layer. Next what we're going to do is take this to a blend mode, one of our darkening blend modes like Multiply. Okay, well that's pretty intense, isn't it? Well, we'll lower the Opacity so we don't have quite so much darkening till we see that we have pretty nice darkening. And we're just focusing in on the eyes here. Next, we're going to click on the Add Layer Mask icon except I want you to hold down the Option key on a Mac, Alt key on a PC and then click on that icon which will fill that Mask with black.
Well then, Mask back in those edges. Grab your Brush tool, paint with white. We're going to go ahead and paint with a low Opacity here, real small brush. I'm going to go ahead and zoom right in here and I'm just going to start to bring in some detail in these edges. Now the nice thing about using this technique and using a blend mode in order to darken the edges is we're darkening it with the actual content that's there. We are not creating anything new. We are using actual eye itself in order to create a little bit more of this edge darkening effect. And I'll go ahead and just make my way around this image slowly. I'll then blur it out once I have completed this and that edge feels like it's a little bit to big. So here's what I'm going to do in order to decrease the size of it. I'm going to make my brush nice and big. I'll press the 'X' key. So I'm painting with black. I'll increase the Opacity up to 100.I am just going to go ahead and make my way around this and I like going from the inside out because you can have a brush that has a really nice shape to it.
Has that nice shape that can follow the shape of the eye, a circle in that sense. And then now here's our before and after, okay, great that looks really nice. Let's work on the other eye. The other eye, we're going to go ahead and paint with white and we were at about 40% Opacity. Nice small brush here. I'm just going to look to start to darken this up a little bit. I'll go back and forth across the eye and again looks like I have gone a little bit too far with this. On a few sides there, I'll press the 6 key I'm going to go to 60% Opacity bring in a little bit more of the darkening effect. And just knowing that I can always back this off, a same technique that we use before and that is press the 'X' key, paint with black, 100%, grab your brush, make it a little bit bigger and again just like doing this because you have that edge that gives you the ability to just limit where that is.
And it follows that shape of the eye and now here's our before and then after. Well zoom out a little bit so we can see how those eyes are coming along and here's our overall before and after with that edge darkening effect. One thing I always like to do is to click in to my Mask and to soften it a bit by going to Filter Blur and Gaussian Blur. Even if you are just going to soften it, just a touch. We zoom in where you can see there my brush strokes. I'll just take the edge off, just a little bit there. So that it can make this look and touch more realistic and there's our before and after. It's a pretty subtle improvement but it definitely is an improvement.
Now, let's take a look at these eyes overall. Here's our before and there is our after and once again you have learned some more valuable techniques for enhancing and improving eyes in your photographs of people.
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