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In this course, professional photo restorer Janine Smith describes how to use Photoshop to restore, retouch, and enhance old or damaged photos. It covers evaluating scanned images for imperfections, using the Clone Stamp tool and other Photoshop tools, and addressing common problems and their fixes, starting with the basics (fading, spots, and paper texture) and continuing with more complex challenges (rips, adhesive tape, ink marks, mold, and more). Also included are methods for fixing exposure problems and colorcast as well as advanced techniques in photo restoration, such as replacing backgrounds and recreating missing facial features and body parts. The course includes a project that takes an image from damaged start to restored finish.
When adding new elements to an image, one problem you may have is the texture of the old image itself. For instance, in this image the original has this texture, this grainy texture, and the new part, the sky, is a smooth new image. For those times, you'll need to know how to make photo texture into a pattern to add to the new element--in this example, the sky. The first thing you want to do is go over to your toolbar and select your Rectangular Marquee tool. With your background layer selected, find a place in your original image--not the new sky, the original image itself--where the color variation isn't very great, and select that area.
An area such as this down here that has the darks and the lights wouldn't be a good candidate for this. You can also move this around to find a better place if you need to. Now we need to put our new selection into its own layer by using Ctrl+J on a PC, Command+J on a Mac. And now we want to put this new selection in its own file, so we'll use Ctrl+A or Command+A to select, Ctrl+C or Command+C to copy, and then go up here to File > New.
You don't have to worry about the size; it will be filled with the size of the selection itself. So hit OK and Ctrl+V or Command+V to paste. Go up to Image > Adjustments > Desaturate and then back to Image > Adjustments and down to Equalize. This is your new texture pattern. Next, we need to go to Edit and down to Define Pattern, and you can name your pattern if you wish.
We'll name this Texture and select OK. Now you can just delete this new file. We won't need it anymore. We don't have to save it. And you can also delete your selection layer that you used last. And we want to deselect these lines--use Ctrl+D or Command+D. Now we'll put a new layer over our sky layer, so select that and add a new blank layer. And you can fill this up in one of two ways. Go over to your toolbar, to the Clone Stamp tool section, select Pattern Stamp tool, go up to your Pattern Picker, and find the last in line, and that'll be the one you just put in, and you can begin painting in the new texture. Or you can use keyboard shortcut Shift+F5 to bring up your Fill dialog. Make sure you have Pattern selected.
Find your pattern if it's not up there and click OK. This is what I mean by your repeat pattern and it not being seamless. Let's lower the Opacity of this fill layer to around 7% to 10% and then go over to our Layer Blend modes, and we'll start with Soft Light. That's usually a pretty good choice. Sometimes Overlay is nice. You can our pattern line a little more there. I'm going to stick with Soft Light in this case.
You can run through them all and see how you like the differences, but we're just going to stick with that for now. Now we're going to just bring this in a little closer. Ctrl+Plus or Command+Plus. Well, let's go out a little more there, just to see how this pattern looks against the original. It can actually be a little more in the Opacity level. I'm using this area right here in the horse's mane against this white area here to see if there's a pretty good match, and it looks pretty good.
The only problem is we still have some of our pattern here, so to work on that, select your last layer and put all your layers in a combination layer using Shift+Ctrl+Alt+E on a PC, Shift+Command+Option+E a Mac. Go over to your toolbar, select your Patch tool, and then you can just work on blending those together little by little.
Let's just zoom out here a second. Of course, we could fix that pattern a little better, but for the sake of time let's turn our combined layer off and take our pattern layer out and see our before, and let's look at our after. See, our pattern matches the original image quite a bit better. Even just a little of an old photo's texture on a new smooth element can make the replacement blend easier to pull off. If you can possibly lower the Opacity enough to make the original texture show through, that's a preferable method; but if you can't for any reason, make your own texture pattern to help make your restoration great.
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