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Photoshop for Designers: Color
Illustration by John Hersey

Masking colors with the Blend If sliders


From:

Photoshop for Designers: Color

with Nigel French

Video: Masking colors with the Blend If sliders

We've seen how we can neutralize white using the Multiply blend mode, how we can neutralize black using the Screen blend mode, but what about other colors? What if we wanted to make the blue of the sky just fall away, so that we saw the birds on this more interesting background? Let's give it a go, and this is going to involve using advanced blending options. If I double-click on the layer, we come up to our Blending Options and these are the ones we are talking about. Unfortunately, this never works quite as well as you would like it to.
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  1. 1m 41s
    1. Welcome
      1m 0s
    2. Using the exercise files
      41s
  2. 25m 26s
    1. Defining color terms
      2m 38s
    2. Understanding the color wheel
      4m 3s
    3. Understanding color relationships
      1m 7s
    4. Using Kuler to understand color harmony rules and create color palettes
      4m 2s
    5. Using the Kuler web site
      3m 10s
    6. Colors on screen and on paper
      1m 42s
    7. Color as a signifier
      3m 14s
    8. Color inspirations
      2m 39s
    9. Color and accessibility
      2m 51s
  3. 38m 22s
    1. Demystifying the Color Picker
      2m 57s
    2. Understanding the role of foreground and background colors
      5m 39s
    3. Choosing colors
      6m 41s
    4. Managing swatches
      7m 40s
    5. Transparency
      9m 42s
    6. Color channels
      5m 43s
  4. 41m 4s
    1. Understanding additive and subtractive color
      2m 57s
    2. RGB mode
      1m 56s
    3. CMYK mode
      2m 41s
    4. Lab mode
      3m 49s
    5. Indexed mode
      2m 16s
    6. Grayscale mode
      5m 0s
    7. Color management
      14m 15s
    8. Color depth (8-, 16-, 24-, and 32-bit)
      4m 19s
    9. Monitor calibration
      3m 51s
  5. 26m 43s
    1. Evaluating color with the Histogram panel
      3m 18s
    2. Evaluating color with the Info panel
      1m 48s
    3. Boosting color with levels
      3m 48s
    4. Auto Tone and Auto Contrast
      7m 38s
    5. Manually setting the black and white point
      3m 50s
    6. Curves
      6m 21s
  6. 18m 30s
    1. What is color correction?
      5m 45s
    2. White balancing in Camera Raw
      1m 46s
    3. Color correction with color balance
      1m 34s
    4. Color balancing using photo filters
      1m 26s
    5. Color correction with variations
      4m 27s
    6. Color correction by the numbers
      3m 32s
  7. 33m 14s
    1. Selecting color with the Magic Wand
      4m 43s
    2. Selecting color with the Quick Selection tool
      2m 26s
    3. Selecting color with Color Range
      4m 0s
    4. Neutralizing whites with the Multiply blend mode
      2m 55s
    5. Neutralizing blacks with the Screen blend mode
      57s
    6. Masking colors with the Blend If sliders
      2m 54s
    7. Masking hair with a channel mask and removing contaminant colors
      2m 58s
    8. Shifting targeted colors using Hue/Saturation
      5m 4s
    9. Matching colors using Hue/Saturation
      3m 16s
    10. Matching colors using the Match Color command
      1m 36s
    11. Matching colors using the Color blend modes
      2m 25s
  8. 21m 8s
    1. Saturating colors
      4m 9s
    2. Desaturating colors
      1m 57s
    3. Desaturating in Camera Raw
      3m 1s
    4. Creating a color accent with selective saturation
      2m 38s
    5. Enhancing a sunrise with a gradient map
      5m 49s
    6. Increasing vibrance
      1m 19s
    7. Using selective color
      2m 15s
  9. 32m 42s
    1. Designing with spot colors
      12m 15s
    2. Adding a fifth color to a CMYK image
      5m 0s
    3. Adding spot colors to a grayscale image
      5m 24s
    4. Create a metallic print effect
      3m 8s
    5. Creating duotones, tritones, and quadtones
      6m 55s
  10. 30m 45s
    1. Creating a silkscreen print look with a limited color palette
      7m 59s
    2. Combining color with black and white
      2m 22s
    3. Creating a nostalgic travel poster using the Cut Out filter
      6m 27s
    4. Mapping an image to a color look up table (CLUT)
      7m 56s
    5. Converting to black and white
      6m 1s
  11. 48m 34s
    1. Creating a hand-tinted portrait (the easy way)
      3m 29s
    2. Creating a hand-tinted portrait (the harder way)
      11m 23s
    3. Creating an Andy Warhol look
      4m 44s
    4. Applying a gradient map
      4m 4s
    5. Sepia toning an image
      8m 41s
    6. Color tinting an image
      5m 15s
    7. Split toning an image
      2m 9s
    8. Working with line art
      8m 49s
  12. 23s
    1. Goodbye
      23s

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Photoshop for Designers: Color
5h 18m Intermediate Jan 04, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this Photoshop for Designers course, Nigel French focuses on the tools and features in Photoshop designed for choosing, applying, and editing color. The course looks at concepts such as the color wheel and color harmonies as well as the practicalities of using the Color Picker, leveraging the power of color channels, and the characteristics of different color modes in Photoshop. The course includes exercises on correcting color, enhancing color, shifting and replacing colors, working with spot color channels, hand coloring black and white images, and designing with a reduced color palette.

Topics include:
  • Defining color terms
  • Using Kuler to create color palettes
  • Understanding additive and subtractive color
  • Understanding color management
  • Using the Levels, Curves, Auto Tone, and Auto Contrast adjustments
  • Color correction
  • Selecting color—from the Magic Wand to Color Range
  • Neutralizing blacks and whites with blend modes
  • Matching colors
  • Saturating and de-saturating colors
  • Increasing saturation with Vibrance
  • Designing with spot color
  • Colorizing images
Subjects:
Design Color Design Techniques
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Nigel French

Masking colors with the Blend If sliders

We've seen how we can neutralize white using the Multiply blend mode, how we can neutralize black using the Screen blend mode, but what about other colors? What if we wanted to make the blue of the sky just fall away, so that we saw the birds on this more interesting background? Let's give it a go, and this is going to involve using advanced blending options. If I double-click on the layer, we come up to our Blending Options and these are the ones we are talking about. Unfortunately, this never works quite as well as you would like it to.

I've tried this countless times and only on a handful of occasions has it really worked to my liking. It's always a very near miss, but it's interesting. So I am going to show you it anyway and there may be something useful that we can do with it. So Blend If, I am going to change this to blue because that's the color that we want to have just fall away. And then I'm going to get the two sliders on the right-hand side and I am going to move these over to the left and as I do so, that original sky is just going to be peeled away like so.

Now the only problem there is that we end up with this very nasty fringing around each of the pelicans, which is totally unacceptable. I am going to go a little bit further than that down to about 180, which helps a bit, but what will help a bit more than that is if I separate now these two sliders, holding down the Option or Alt key and I can grab the right-hand portion and bring that back to where it began and that might help somewhat and it's helping somewhat.

But if I go too far with that then I reintroduce in the original blue. So this isn't going to work unfortunately. But it's given me a good idea, I think, and that is what if we had the shape of the birds on a solid white background. It might work really nicely across two pages of the double page spread. So I'm going to add a layer of white beneath Layer 0. I know that I want this layer to go beneath my current layer, I am going to hold down the Command key or the Ctrl key, I can click on Create New Layer.

I am then going to feel this layer with white by holding down Command or Ctrl and pressing my Backspace, Delete key. Now the only problem is that we see we've got blue fringing around the birds wings, also in the top left, we've got some original blue of the sky left. So I am going to go back to my Blending Options, we need to go a little bit further with the sliders so that falls away completely. And now to address the issue of the fringing around the wings, what I am going to do is I am going to convert the birds to black-and-white.

Since they're fairly monochromatic anyway, this is the lesser of the evils, rather than having blue on the edges of their wings. And that is the Blend If command.

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