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Photoshop is the world’s most powerful image editor, and it’s arguably the most complex, as well. Fortunately, nobody knows the program like award-winning book and video author Deke McClelland. Join Deke as he explores such indispensable Photoshop features as resolution, cropping, color correction, retouching, and layers. Gain expertise with real-world projects that make sense. Exercise files accompany the course.
Download Deke's free dekeKeys and color settings from the Exercise Files tab.
In this exercise, I'm going to show you how to open an image inside of Photoshop, the seemingly easy thing to do. But I'll provide some tips and tricks along the way here. Now when you first launch Photoshop, you're going to see this gray application frame here on the PC. If you want to see the application frame on the Mac, you go up to the Window menu. And you choose the Application Frame command, which will be down here someplace. Or, if you don't have the Application Frame turned on, meaning that you're covering up the background applications instead, you will reveal your background applications on the Mac.
But what you won't see in any case is any form of welcome screen. Notice that Photoshop just launches and says good luck, which is actually probably a good thing because it would be a disingenuous gesture on Photoshop's part if it did welcome you, because really nothing about the software is all that welcoming. This is Photoshop's way of telling you right up front, you are on your own, with my help of course. So to get an image started, you go up to the File menu. And you can choose either the New command, or as we'll see in a moment, the Open command.
Now while the New command is very popular inside of other software, you use New a lot in order, of course, to start a new document. You don't tend to work that way in Photoshop all that often. You may create a new image. And then start painting in it or that kind of thing or importing other images in order to build up a layered composition, but more often than not you're opening the image to serve as at least a background for your other layers. Anyway, let's start with New though just so you can see it. Ctrl+N, Cmd+N on the Mac brings up the New dialog box.
And these are the default settings right here Width and Height, which is fine, seems like a fairly large image to work with. However, the Resolution is only 72 pixels/inch, which is extremely low. Now we'll be discussing Resolution in all kinds of detail in Chapter 5. But for now, just note this is an extremely low-resolution value. Now you're going to see different numerical settings, if you have copied something to the clipboard. So if you've copied a portion of an image, or you've taken a screenshot- very common way to work- then you're going to see the dimensions of that copied image or a screenshot here inside the New dialog box.
You would then click OK and paste away. Now one little note for those of you who are shooting screenshots: If you want accurate color out of Photoshop, then you want to do this. You want to click on this double down pointing arrowhead here in order to reveal the Advanced options, and you want to change your Color Profile for this image to whatever profile that you're using for your monitor. Now you probably don't know what that profile is. So here's how you check it out. I'm going to Cancel for a moment. And I'm going to go up to Edit menu.
And I'll choose the Color Settings command, Ctrl+Shift+K, Cmd+Shift+K. We saw it back in the introduction to the series. And if you go to RGB right there, click the down pointing arrowhead, you will see Monitor RGB is something. And in my case and this is very typical on the PC. It's sRGB IEC61966-2.1, which may seem like the kind of thing you're never going to remember in a million years, except for the fact that there is only one sRGB profile inside of Photoshop, so you'll just need to use it.
Anyway, so now we know what our Monitor Profile is. On the Mac, it's probably going to be something else, because Macintosh monitors ship with specific profiles, some PC systems too as well. Anyway just write down, whatever your Monitor RGB value is, then Cancel out. You don't want to change that. Then go back to the File menu, choose the New command, Ctrl+N, Cmd+N on the Mac. Here inside the Advanced section, change your Color Profile to whatever that was. In my case, it's sRGB. And then click OK. And then paste the contents of your screenshot.
So you may recall this was all about getting a color accurate screenshot because otherwise you will see the colors change, when you paste your image. Anyway, I'm just going to go ahead and click OK in order to create this new image here. And you can see, it's not very big. I'm seeing the image at the 100% zoom ratio, which means I'm seeing one screen pixel devoted to each and every image pixel. And yet even in this very dinky screen that I'm filming here. I can see each and every pixel inside this image, which means that this is like a postage stamp of an image, not much to work with.
Then I presumably would start painting around inside of it what have you. Anyway I'm done with this guy. I'm going to close out, and you can close an image either by clicking in the close box up here in the tab, if you're seeing a tab. If you're seeing an independent floating image window as you will, by default, on the Mac, and I can get to that here in the PC, by the way, by clicking on this Arrange Documents icon right there, and choosing Float all Windows. Now, we'll go ahead and float my window, then I'll see a close box over here in the upper-right corner on the PC. On the Mac, it's in the upper left-hand corner. Close out.
You're not going to be asked to save changes in this case, because we didn't do anything. You would be asked to save changes if you had done anything to the image. All right. So that's how you create a new image inside of Photoshop. In next exercise, I'm going to show you how to use this guy right here, the Open command.
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