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Introducing two burn and dodge techniques

From: Photoshop CS6 for Photographers

Video: Introducing two burn and dodge techniques

Here in this movie, I want to share with you two ways that you can perform a traditional darkroom technique and that is the technique of burning and dodging. The first technique requires that we copy our background layer. So let's do that by pressing Command+J on a Mac or Ctrl+J on Windows, and I am going to go ahead and name this layer burn. Burn allows us to darken certain parts of the image. In order to burn or dodge on this layer, we can go straight to the Burn Dodge tools which you can find in the tools panel.

Introducing two burn and dodge techniques

Here in this movie, I want to share with you two ways that you can perform a traditional darkroom technique and that is the technique of burning and dodging. The first technique requires that we copy our background layer. So let's do that by pressing Command+J on a Mac or Ctrl+J on Windows, and I am going to go ahead and name this layer burn. Burn allows us to darken certain parts of the image. In order to burn or dodge on this layer, we can go straight to the Burn Dodge tools which you can find in the tools panel.

Now, Dodge allows you to brighten dark tones, Burn allows you to darken tones in your image and that's what I want to do. Well here, if you select the tool, you can then go to your Options bar. Typically, what you want to do is select the range of the area that you want to work on. Let's start off with the default Midtones. Next, we have Exposure. The higher the Exposure, the more intense the adjustment; the lower the Exposure, the more you'll have to paint back-and-forth over the area. Typically, when it comes to burning and dodging, you want to have a lower amount, so that you can slowly build it up.

Next, you want to make sure to have this option turned on, Protect Tones. This will prevent clipping. In other words it will prevent loss of detail in your whites or your shadows if you're burning or dodging. It also will prevent an undesirable hue or color shift. Now that we've set that up, let's go ahead and zoom out a little bit on this image. Now what I want to do is just darken up the edge of this photograph. So in regards to my brush, I will go back to the Options bar here and increase the size, and also make sure I have no hardness. Here I am just looking to try to create a little bit of a vignette effect, so I am just going to paint around the edges here, darkening up these edges.

You can see that as I paint back-and-forth over this area, I can create kind of a custom shape in regards to how I use my brush. I can also paint around here, just darkening up these edges, and by doing this, I'm primarily working on the midtones. The challenge of course is that some of the brighter tones aren't darkening. So I'll go into my Options bar, and choose Highlights, and then paint over that area as well. That will paint down some of those brighter tones that I might have missed with that other setting; like there, that train track, that looks a little bit better, and also some of these other tones in the background.

If ever you want this to be performed more quickly, just increase that Exposure, and also, press the Right Bracket key to increase your brush size, and you can see how I'm now creating an even stronger effect around the edge of the image. Let's take a look at what we've created here. If we click on this eye icon, you can see the creative effect which we've applied is this darkening effect to the outer edge of the image. Now these Burn and Dodge tools are great, because they allow us to build up either brightening or darkening; yet, they're also a little bit limited, they're limited in the sense that we're actually applying this adjustment to real pixels.

Well, there's another way to burn and dodge which I want to show you now which uses a different approach. Well, here let's go ahead and turn off the visibility of this layer for a moment and let's just click on the New layer icon. Next, let's name this layer Burn and Dodge, and what we want to do here is I want you to select your Brush tool. Choose a brush which has a nice soft edge and we'll do a medium-size brush here, so remove all the hardness. As far as the Opacity goes, I am going to start off with 100%, and eventually change that.

But now, I'm just going to go ahead and click and paint a stripe, one black, and then next to it one white. Well, what we can do is with a blank layer, we can paint with black or white or a different shade of gray that's either bright or dark, and we can change the Blending mode to Soft Light. When we do that, we'll see that what's happening is it's either darkening or brightening the underlying pixels. In other words, if we have our brush, and if we're painting with white, what we can do is a lower the opacity a little bit, and if we wanted to brighten the jeans here, well we could just paint across that area of our picture in order to bring some light into that area.

Take a look at that; before and then now the after. The wonderful thing about using a layer like this is that we're not modifying pixels and also, we have a lot of flexibility. If ever we feel the effect is too strong, or we can always erase it or modify it or change it by lowering the opacity or by changing the way we're working with the brush, so now we have a little bit more of a subtle effect. Now that we've seen that, let's bring the opacity back up, and let's do the same thing that we did before just to keep it simple, that is, let's darken the edges.

So here, press Command+A on a Mac, Ctrl+A on Windows to select all, then press Delete or Backspace and then deselect. I just wanted to remove all of those brushstrokes we had added. Let's select Black in our color picker. Next, we want to choose a relatively low opacity. Again, it's almost always best to build up the effect. As far as our brush, press the Right Bracket key to increase the brush size, and typically you want to have a nice soft edge brush, and here I will go ahead and just paint around the edge of the image.

And as we've done before, you can see how we can slowly kind of build up this darkening effect. And in this case, we might want to do something like this, perhaps just to create kind of a creative effect, or maybe what we need to do is keep the viewer's eye in the center of the frame, and you can focus a viewer in on your image by changing what's bright, and what's dark because the eye typically goes to that which is bright and also in focus. And by darkening this outer edge, well, it's kind of creating a bit of separation, the subject from the background.

Here in this case, I'm obviously doing a little bit more than we did with the other tool, and I am doing that just to kind of illustrate how we can use these brushstrokes in order to paint this in. Well, if we click off the visibility of this layer, you can see there's our before, now here's our after. If we change the Blending mode of this layer back to Normal, what you'll see is that I have all of these various brushstrokes. Now, my brushstrokes, they're a little bit choppy. So when you're using this technique and if you're painting with a mouse, what you might want to do is after you've applied the technique, is to go to your Filter pulldown menu and then to choose Blur and Gaussian Blur.

This will allow you to soften those brushstrokes. Let me exaggerate for a moment. Here if I bring this up, they're so soft, they all kind of blur together. As I decrease that though, what you can see is we can just take the edge off of those brushstrokes, so that they're not so harsh. This way, the light that I painted in here or the darkening effect is a bit more subtle. Now, you don't always have to do that, but I just wanted to share that with you because I think it can help out in a lot of situations. All right! Well, let's click OK to apply that.

Next, let's change that Blending mode back to Soft Light, and here you can see we now have this effect dialed in. We have that darkening effect around the corners. We did this by creating a new layer, changing the Blending mode to Soft Light, and then painting with black or white, or we can always just duplicate a layer, and right on that layer, we can use our Burn and Dodge tools. Now, there are other ways to darken or brighten as well, and this topic is actually pretty deep. So let's go ahead, and continue to talk about burning and dodging and let's do that in the next few movies.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS6 for Photographers
Photoshop CS6 for Photographers

173 video lessons · 26694 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
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  1. 1m 43s
    1. Welcome
      58s
    2. Using the exercise files
      45s
  2. 11m 49s
    1. Ideas for how to learn Photoshop more effectively
      4m 25s
    2. Isolating what you've learned and taking quality notes
      3m 53s
    3. Getting creative and being ready to be surprised
      3m 31s
  3. 38m 57s
    1. Customizing the Bridge workspace
      4m 46s
    2. Reviewing and evaluating your photos
      4m 22s
    3. Rating, ranking, and filtering photographs
      5m 42s
    4. Organizing photos with stacks
      3m 55s
    5. Grouping pictures together with collections
      3m 56s
    6. Adding metadata and keywords
      4m 47s
    7. Renaming images
      1m 45s
    8. Accessing the Photoshop tools from within Bridge
      2m 28s
    9. Working with Bridge and Photoshop
      2m 40s
    10. Working with Mini Bridge
      4m 36s
  4. 45m 29s
    1. Setting up your color settings
      3m 31s
    2. Choosing preferences for the HUD color picker
      3m 50s
    3. Setting image interpolation preferences
      3m 3s
    4. Modifying zoom preferences
      4m 20s
    5. Changing HUD brush options
      3m 41s
    6. Customizing interface preferences
      3m 30s
    7. Opening up documents in tabs
      4m 11s
    8. Reviewing file-handling preferences
      5m 4s
    9. Setting performance preferences
      4m 23s
    10. Choosing cursor preferences
      5m 14s
    11. Reviewing guides and type preview preferences
      4m 42s
  5. 21m 4s
    1. Exploring two simple steps for more accurate color
      2m 57s
    2. Introducing color profiles
      5m 17s
    3. Opening and saving files with embedded profiles
      7m 33s
    4. Setting up your studio
      1m 59s
    5. A demonstration of monitor calibration
      1m 46s
    6. Finding color management resources
      1m 32s
  6. 28m 34s
    1. Introducing the Tools panel
      4m 53s
    2. Changing the view mode and working with panels
      5m 33s
    3. Opening and arranging multiple documents
      6m 31s
    4. Combining, saving, and closing multiple documents
      5m 17s
    5. Creating custom keyboard shortcuts
      5m 11s
    6. Working with a Wacom tablet
      1m 9s
  7. 18m 24s
    1. The foundation of digital imaging: pixels and bit depth
      6m 12s
    2. Introducing image resizing
      3m 42s
    3. Resizing images effectively
      3m 48s
    4. Resizing and straightening with the Crop tool
      2m 28s
    5. Creative tip: sizing images correctly
      2m 14s
  8. 41m 56s
    1. What is Camera Raw?
      2m 47s
    2. Accessing the Camera Raw preferences
      3m 16s
    3. Improving your images with the basic controls
      7m 0s
    4. Correcting color and white balance
      4m 44s
    5. Processing multiple images at once
      5m 56s
    6. Utilizing the Crop tool to recompose your pictures
      5m 28s
    7. Creating dramatic black-and-white conversions
      5m 34s
    8. Reducing noise and making tack-sharp photos
      7m 11s
  9. 32m 55s
    1. Introducing layers
      2m 22s
    2. Understanding layers and layer transparency
      1m 29s
    3. Working with layer opacity
      3m 29s
    4. Aligning layers
      1m 32s
    5. Creating new layers
      4m 53s
    6. Organizing layers
      2m 31s
    7. Filtering and finding layers
      2m 8s
    8. Adding layer style effects
      5m 28s
    9. Creating a clipping mask
      6m 50s
    10. Targeting and moving layers
      2m 13s
  10. 33m 22s
    1. Making selections with the marquee tools
      4m 50s
    2. Using the three lasso tools
      4m 56s
    3. Selecting with the Magic Wand tool
      5m 43s
    4. Working with the Quick Select tool
      7m 21s
    5. Selecting based on color with the Color Range controls
      7m 13s
    6. Correcting skin tones with Color Range
      3m 19s
  11. 23m 2s
    1. Introducing masking
      1m 14s
    2. Painting away the contents of a layer with a mask
      3m 59s
    3. Using a selection to build a mask
      3m 3s
    4. Removing a subject from the background with a mask
      6m 37s
    5. Using a mask to selectively sharpen an image
      3m 58s
    6. Making selections with Quick Mask
      4m 11s
  12. 13m 42s
    1. Creating a custom border using selections and masks
      5m 4s
    2. Painting custom border effects
      3m 34s
    3. Using prebuilt borders
      4m 13s
    4. Exploring the PhotoFrame plug-in
      51s
  13. 11m 49s
    1. Adding brightness and contrast
      3m 3s
    2. Using hue and saturation and the Target Adjustment tool
      5m 34s
    3. Working with vibrancy and saturation
      3m 12s
  14. 14m 36s
    1. Working with auto levels
      3m 36s
    2. Enhancing color and tone with levels
      4m 12s
    3. Painting in adjustments with levels and masking
      4m 10s
    4. Creative tip: checking in
      2m 38s
  15. 29m 50s
    1. Introducing the Curves dialog box
      3m 12s
    2. Using auto curves and adjustments to enhance an image
      4m 17s
    3. Changing brightness with curves and masks
      3m 59s
    4. Using curves and masks to improve tone and color
      4m 56s
    5. Making advanced selections and masks
      3m 53s
    6. Enhancing a portrait with hand-painted masks
      5m 53s
    7. Using, modifying, and saving curves presets
      3m 40s
  16. 20m 12s
    1. Introducing the magic of blend modes
      6m 33s
    2. Blending multiple images together
      3m 50s
    3. Using blending modes to remove white or black
      2m 8s
    4. Improving exposure, contrast, and color with blending
      5m 37s
    5. Using blending shortcuts
      2m 4s
  17. 10m 26s
    1. Working with color correction in Camera Raw
      1m 21s
    2. Correcting color with the eyedroppers
      3m 11s
    3. Correcting color and tone with the eyedroppers
      5m 54s
  18. 36m 1s
    1. Using a Replace Color adjustment
      4m 14s
    2. Using Replace Color, Hue/Saturation, and masks
      5m 32s
    3. Replacing color with advanced masking
      7m 14s
    4. Selecting and modifying color with the Hue/Saturation eyedroppers
      2m 30s
    5. Using Color Balance to create vivid color
      4m 3s
    6. Modifying color with Selective Color
      5m 3s
    7. Changing color with Photo Filter
      4m 4s
    8. Making creative color changes with Color Lookup
      1m 44s
    9. Creative tip: shoot more
      1m 37s
  19. 35m 13s
    1. The modern equivalent of a traditional technique
      1m 40s
    2. Introducing two burn and dodge techniques
      7m 22s
    3. Burning and dodging with the Brush and Gradient tools
      4m 18s
    4. Dodging and reducing shadows in a portrait
      6m 0s
    5. Using selections, masks, and curves to change tonality
      7m 21s
    6. Improving a black-and-white landscape
      8m 32s
  20. 16m 9s
    1. The power of black and white
      4m 14s
    2. Converting a portrait to black and white
      4m 6s
    3. Converting a landscape to black and white
      4m 23s
    4. Adding grain and tone to a black-and-white image
      3m 26s
  21. 31m 57s
    1. Introducing Smart Filters
      3m 36s
    2. Applying Smart Filters
      6m 20s
    3. Creating a soft contrast effect
      6m 38s
    4. Changing focus with the Blur Gallery
      3m 40s
    5. Working with Tilt-Shift Blur
      3m 52s
    6. Creating a realistic lens flare
      2m 45s
    7. Adding light with the Lighting Effects filter
      5m 6s
  22. 12m 33s
    1. Using the Noise Reduction filter
      3m 46s
    2. Exploring advanced noise reduction using channels
      2m 49s
    3. Masking in noise reduction to a specific area
      2m 1s
    4. Reducing noise with Surface Blur
      3m 57s
  23. 48m 30s
    1. Cleaning before you enhance
      1m 2s
    2. Introducing the healing and cloning tools
      7m 22s
    3. Cleaning up the background of an image
      6m 21s
    4. Basic portrait retouching
      3m 15s
    5. Brightening shadows under the eyes
      4m 53s
    6. Brightening the eyes
      2m 30s
    7. Retouching selected areas
      5m 27s
    8. Using Content-Aware Fill to remove distractions
      5m 34s
    9. Moving a subject with the Content-Aware Move tool
      7m 54s
    10. Changing shape and dimension with Liquify
      4m 12s
  24. 24m 2s
    1. Using the Lens Correction filter
      6m 52s
    2. Reducing exaggerated distortion
      5m 16s
    3. Applying Free Transform to correct perspective
      3m 49s
    4. Correcting distortion with the Perspective Crop tool
      3m 45s
    5. Using Puppet Warp to correct perspective
      4m 20s
  25. 26m 48s
    1. Combining two photos with movement
      4m 12s
    2. Using two frames for a group photo
      4m 57s
    3. Creating a panoramic photo from multiple frames
      3m 37s
    4. Correcting distortion with the Adaptive Wide Angle correction
      7m 34s
    5. Cropping, filling in the gaps, and making final panographic adjustments
      6m 28s
  26. 27m 24s
    1. Working with Smart Sharpen
      6m 17s
    2. Using Unsharpen Mask
      4m 49s
    3. High Pass sharpening an image
      4m 47s
    4. Selectively sharpening the in-focus areas of an image
      3m 35s
    5. Selective sharpening with hand-drawn masks
      7m 56s
  27. 22m 44s
    1. Preparing images for the web and email
      4m 38s
    2. Sharpening for the web
      3m 5s
    3. Using Save for Web to create an optimized JPEG
      4m 26s
    4. Exporting images to Facebook or Flickr
      4m 46s
    5. Creating a web gallery
      5m 49s
  28. 26m 6s
    1. Desktop printing recommendations
      2m 46s
    2. Creating a PDF layout and contact sheets
      5m 56s
    3. Using a soft proof to visualize the print
      8m 0s
    4. Adjusting printer settings
      3m 43s
    5. Customizing the Print dialog box options
      5m 41s
  29. 32m 4s
    1. Opening up a video file in Photoshop
      7m 7s
    2. Editing a video clip and adding text
      5m 15s
    3. Using adjustment layers and adding an audio track
      4m 47s
    4. Creating a project with multiple clips
      4m 55s
    5. Adding a cross-dissolve fade and creating custom shortcuts
      4m 43s
    6. Customizing the workspace to review your project
      3m 2s
    7. Exporting a project
      2m 15s
  30. 3m 4s
    1. Exploring additional resources and ways to keep in touch
      2m 29s
    2. Goodbye
      35s

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