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The Healing, Patch and Clone Stamp tools are incredibly strong and we can use these tools in order to clean up and retouch our photographs in some really unique ways. Therefore, I thought it would be helpful to step back just for a minute and discuss how these tools actually work, so that we can know how to use them. All right. Well, here you can see we have this demo file. Let's zoom in on it a little bit, and let's start off by deconstructing the Clone Stamp tool. You can press the S key to select it, or you can click on it here in the Tools panel. Now, the way the Clone Stamp tool works is pretty interesting.
What you can do is hold down the Option key on a Mac, Alt key on a PC, and then click to sample an area. You can reposition your cursor to a new place and then click to repaint that. Now, currently, I'm just painting this little circle here. Well, if I move my cursor, you can see I'm also painting in these other graphics which are located over here, and you can see how I'm replicating that content. This is really interesting, because the Clone Stamp does that. It's a one-to-one replication. All right. Well, I'll press Command+Z to undo.
What about the Healing tools? Well, if we look at the Healing tools, we have Spot Healing, Healing Brush, and Patch. Let's start off with Spot Healing. This tool works really well when we have little spots we need to remove, like on this sign. We can make our brush little bit bigger than the spot, click on it, and it's gone, or sometimes click and drag and they're gone. So you can either use this to click on little spots or simply click and drag on little bit larger areas, and it does some pretty good work. Yet, there are times where it just doesn't do the trick, where it may sample a different area and it blends together and things get a little bit weird.
What's actually happening with this tool? Let's deconstruct it. Back up here to these little circles that we have just for demo purposes. Let's say that I want to remove the red spot. Well, I make my brush a little bit bigger than that red spot and I click. But when I click and do that, all of a sudden I see that it brought in part of the green circle. Well, why is that? What if I click here? Well, that one worked, but this one, well, okay, if I get close to the other circles, we can see that there's problems, or if I click even really near a circle, it kind of bleeds out.
We can see these problematic areas that are happening here, here, and here. Well, this is happening, because what this tool is doing is automatically trying to determine a healthy good area of the image, in order to place or blend on top of the area that we want to remove. So the one thing to keep in mind with this tool is it's kind of like set on autopilot, which means a lot of times it works, but sometimes it doesn't. For those scenarios where it doesn't work, where we need more exact control, we can go to the underlying tool here, good old Healing Brush.
The way this works is a lot like the Clone Stamp tool. We hold down the Option key a Mac, Alt key on a PC, we click, and then we can paint over something in order to remove it. In this case, because I'm able to define the sample area, I can then successfully remove the content. Now, this is a little bit different than the Clone Stamp tool, in the sense that the Clone Stamp is one-to- one, I mean it is what it is. For example, if I Option+Click this bird right here and then I try to paint it in over into this area, when I let go of my cursor it all of a sudden tries to blend it into the background.
So, it's all about blending together, almost like it takes all this content, mixes it up, tries to create this seamless edge in order to remove it. So, it works really well when removing content, but if you're trying to replicate something, it doesn't work well at all. For example, if I want to remove that bird up there, Option+Click, and now I can paint over this and I can remove what I just added. So, this tool, again, works really well when you want to target a little area, where you need texture, you want it to be not a one-to-one, but it kind of blends in seamlessly with the background.
Well, what about the other tool? What do we have down here, the Patch tool? The Patch tool is pretty interesting. If we zoom out a bit, what you can do with the Patch tool is you can make a selection of a large area, like all of these circles. You can then click and drag to your sample area, which will then be the source, which will replace that content and it will remove it completely. Or if you desire, you can actually change this to Destination, so that we can then bring this content into a new place. Here you can see that I'm adding more and more of these across the board.
Now, things get a little bit messy when we bring something to a new area. So, the one of the things that you want to keep in mind is that typically if you're going to do that, choose the Destination option. What you're going to want to do is make a selection of a healthy area and then bring that over the area that you're trying to retouch and typically it does a really good job. The last thing that I want to say here is that there are people who will say certain tools are better than other tools. Well, I don't follow that train of thought. Well, what I found to be true is that these tools work best when used together, when used in unison with each other.
One of the things that you'll find is that certain tasks will require perhaps the Clone Stamp tool and some Healing. If you can then use those two tools together, you can remove content with the Clone Stamp tool. You can then add some texture back with the Healing Brush and you can come up with some really stunning results. All right. Well, now that we've kind of deconstructed how these tools work a little bit, let's go ahead and take a look at a few examples where we will use these tools, and we'll do that in the next few movies.
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