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Introducing the Photomerge command

From: Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Mastery

Video: Introducing the Photomerge command

In this exercise, we'll take our first look at the Photomerge command, and I'll show you how the various layout options work. I'm currently in the Bridge, looking at the contents of the Theatre Antique d'Orange folder, and I'd like you to select all 14 images, by pressing Ctrl+A or Command+A on the Mac. Then to invoke Photomerge, go up to the Tools menu, choose Photoshop, and choose Photomerge. Now I've been telling you this command is a combination of Auto-Align layers and Auto-Blend layers, which is true, but it starts off by invoking Load Files into Photoshop Layers.

Introducing the Photomerge command

In this exercise, we'll take our first look at the Photomerge command, and I'll show you how the various layout options work. I'm currently in the Bridge, looking at the contents of the Theatre Antique d'Orange folder, and I'd like you to select all 14 images, by pressing Ctrl+A or Command+A on the Mac. Then to invoke Photomerge, go up to the Tools menu, choose Photoshop, and choose Photomerge. Now I've been telling you this command is a combination of Auto-Align layers and Auto-Blend layers, which is true, but it starts off by invoking Load Files into Photoshop Layers.

So it loads all the files into a layered Photoshop composition, and then finally it applies Auto-Blend Layers. Anyway, all you have to do is choose this one command, Photomerge, and that goes in and switches you to Photoshop and loads all the images as well into this Photomerge dialog box. So you should see all 14 of your images listed. It doesn't matter what order they are listed in, because Auto-Align Layers, if it decides something is in a wrong order, will just move it around. The command can actually move layers to new locations totally automatically.

It's absolutely amazing. Now if you have too many files here, if there is a file you want to take out of the list, you click on it, you click Remove. You can also browse for other files on your hard drive. There is other ways to bring images in here if you want them. However, more important, I think, and much more confusing, because you can figure out these options pretty much on your own, are these guys over here, the Layout options. Now these are the same options that are known as the Projection options inside the Auto-Align Layers dialog box. And so we've got Perspective, Cylindrical, Spherical, Collage, and Reposition.

Perspective goes ahead and allows Photoshop to distort the image, but it also creates this horrible bowtie effect. I'll show it to you in just a moment. It's by far the least successful option, in my opinion. It requires so much work to turn it into something halfway decent. However, it does do a pretty good job of creating seamless compositions, so it has that going for it. Cylindrical typically bows the images outward the way that we're seeing inside of this little thumbnail, but so does Spherical, for that matter. They actually produce pretty similar effects.

But in the case of either, each and every one of the individual images inside the stitched panorama ends up bowing outward, so you get this kind of bend associated with each image, which turns out to be perfect, by the way. It doesn't sound right, but you end up getting the best effects. Collage will just go ahead and scale and rotate the images - nothing more, and then Reposition just moves them around. So rather than applying each and every one of these, which would take forever here, I'm going to show you the results of each one of these options, as I applied it ahead of time here.

Auto will just automatically do one of these guys. It will just go ahead and automatically invoke what it considers to be the best, and we'll come back to that in just a second. But for now, cancel out, and I'd like you to go back to the Bridge by clicking on the little Bridge icon up here on the Applications Bar. And then go ahead and click on the Alignment projection subfolder. And you can see examples of each and every one of those projection options, or layout options, as they are known inside of Photomerge, from Perspective all the way to Reposition. All of them are rendered out at full size, incidentally, the full size you would render them if you're working from those images inside the Theatre Antique d'Orange folder, except for the first one, Perspective, because you end up getting a much more massive file than this - from this ridiculous Perspective effect, which looks like a big bowtie, as you can already see.

Anyway, let's go ahead and take a look at each and every one of these, by invoking the slideshow, and I'll do that by pressing Ctrl+L or Command+L on the Mac, and I have got captions turned on, as you can see here. So this is the Perspective projection right here, and it ends up making the theater quite small indeed, way far away in the distance. And then the seeds are just rushing at us, but, as you can tell, we get a nice seamless interaction between the various details inside this panorama.

The only problem is, what in the world do we do to reconcile that bowtie effect? What kind of distortion do we apply? And the answer is nothing good, I assure you. Don't even attempt Puppet Warp on this. It's not going to work for you. Something like the Warp command can help a little bit, but ultimately, nothing makes it good. The next option here - and you can see this is Panorama-1 perspective - the next image features a second setting, which is Cylindrical, and we end up getting this effect right here. So each and every one of the images bows out slightly, as you can see, and the entire composition is sloping down and to the right, just ever so slightly, which is one of the big problems with this particular projection, along with these particular images.

So you never know exactly what kind of effect you're going to get out of a group of images until you try it. Next I'll move on to the third option, Spherical, and it doesn't look all that terrifically different. Each one of the images still bows outward, as you can see; however, the composition doesn't slope down and to the right to the same extent. It does a little bit, but not as much as the Cylindrical projection right there. All right, next what we've got is Panorama-4 collage, and take a look at that. Everything is nice and upright, and it looks like everything is pretty seamless, actually.

And we don't have to account for all that weird distortion, and by the way, this is one of the faster effects to apply. It goes fairly lickety-split by comparison to the other ones, so why don't we just use it? Well, I'll show you why in the next exercise. It's actually not very successful. It looks like it here, because we're zoomed so far out, but once we zoom in and start looking at the details, a lot of things are falling apart. Check out this bench over here. You can't really see it, but there is a ghost bench going right through this section, and then there's all kinds of bad alignment down here, and the stands are falling down, up in this area. It's kind of like there has been an earthquake. So we'll see that in greater detail.

And then finally we've got a Reposition, which just moves the images, that's all it does. And, of course, by the way, there is a lot of auto-blending going on here, so there is all these masks interwoven throughout these images. But even repositioning ends up producing a pretty good effect, that is no scaling, no rotating, no distortions, no nothing - just moving the images around, and then of course modifying the exposure and the colors and applying some layer masking. But check this out. See this area right there - not good.

We've got yet another earthquake over here on the left-hand section of the composition. Anyway, this gives you a sense of how the projection options work. In the next exercise, we'll take a more detailed look at the seams.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Mastery
Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Mastery

192 video lessons · 43726 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 40m 45s
    1. Welcome
      2m 45s
    2. Making Photoshop your default image editor
      7m 43s
    3. Installing the dekeKeys keyboard shortcuts
      8m 10s
    4. Remapping OS shortcuts
      7m 37s
    5. Installing the Best Workflow color settings
      4m 31s
    6. The color settings explained
      6m 54s
    7. Loading the CS5 color settings in Bridge
      3m 5s
  2. 1h 11m
    1. Your creative range continues to expand
      1m 46s
    2. The Avatar project so far
      2m 38s
    3. Painting on a photograph
      7m 50s
    4. Adding texture and depth
      6m 14s
    5. Simulating chalky white paint
      7m 23s
    6. Masking and placing an image
      7m 20s
    7. Upsampling and Lens Blur
      5m 9s
    8. Blending blurry elements
      3m 48s
    9. Making a Smart Object
      6m 46s
    10. Placing an image as a Smart Object
      3m 22s
    11. Blending away a background
      5m 56s
    12. Applying Smart Filters
      4m 34s
    13. Creating a glow with Lens Flare
      3m 45s
    14. Blending and masking a glow
      5m 3s
  3. 1h 26m
    1. Using the image to select itself
      1m 53s
    2. Introducing masking
      6m 32s
    3. Making an alpha channel
      6m 54s
    4. Using the Calculations command
      6m 48s
    5. Add, Subtract, Offset, and Scale
      5m 54s
    6. Prepping an image with the Dodge tool
      6m 55s
    7. Fixing mistakes before they get too big
      6m 32s
    8. Painting in the Overlay mode
      5m 51s
    9. Exaggerating and selecting flesh tones
      7m 39s
    10. Smudge, Median, and the Blur tool
      6m 59s
    11. Masking low-contrast details
      6m 7s
    12. Creating a flesh-and-clothing mask
      5m 45s
    13. Masking and compositing the foreground
      5m 27s
    14. Finessing the final composition
      7m 39s
  4. 2h 24m
    1. Connecting the dots
      1m 40s
    2. The Pen tool and the Paths panel
      6m 32s
    3. Drawing a straight-sided outline
      6m 25s
    4. Editing a path outline
      6m 36s
    5. Adding and editing smooth points
      5m 35s
    6. Creating vector masks with the shape tools
      4m 59s
    7. Building a complex outline from shapes
      4m 26s
    8. Subtracting and transforming shapes
      6m 45s
    9. Cloning, flipping, and combining shapes
      8m 58s
    10. Roughing in non-symmetrical paths
      7m 41s
    11. Finessing a complex outline
      9m 15s
    12. Masking a layer effect
      8m 26s
    13. Isolating an image element
      6m 8s
    14. Smooth points and control handles
      9m 3s
    15. Stretching curved segments
      7m 49s
    16. Using the Rubber Band option
      9m 33s
    17. Drawing smooth points with the Pen tool
      6m 59s
    18. Shading an isolated object
      3m 45s
    19. Drawing cusp points
      7m 14s
    20. Setting points in the pasteboard
      9m 57s
    21. Using the Convert Point tool
      6m 42s
  5. 2h 57m
    1. Everything you need to know about blending
      1m 45s
    2. Photoshop CS5's blend modes
      7m 21s
    3. Cycling between blend modes
      6m 15s
    4. Darken and Lighten and their derivatives
      6m 3s
    5. The blend mode shortcuts
      8m 6s
    6. The Multiply and Burn modes
      4m 28s
    7. The Screen and Dodge modes
      6m 0s
    8. How opposite blend modes work
      8m 24s
    9. Why Multiply darkens and Divide lightens
      5m 23s
    10. Cleaning up a client's bad art
      5m 3s
    11. Dropping out a white background
      5m 56s
    12. Blending inside blend modes
      8m 3s
    13. Overlay, Soft Light, and Hard Light
      6m 26s
    14. Vivid, Linear, and Pin Light (and Hard Mix)
      6m 35s
    15. Difference, Exclusion, Subtract, and Divide
      7m 34s
    16. Great uses for the Difference mode
      6m 18s
    17. Promising uses for the Divide mode
      9m 6s
    18. Hue, Saturation, Color, and Luminosity
      7m 0s
    19. Blending an inverted layer
      3m 32s
    20. The "Fill Opacity Eight"
      7m 25s
    21. Making bad blend modes good
      5m 16s
    22. Making a knockout layer
      6m 53s
    23. Blending in the CMYK mode
      8m 3s
    24. Overprinting black text
      8m 29s
    25. Using the Luminance slider
      5m 24s
    26. Parametric luminance masking
      6m 21s
    27. Adjusting the behavior of luminance effects
      10m 8s
  6. 2h 2m
    1. Smart Objects = protective containers
      1m 35s
    2. Placing an Illustrator graphic
      6m 30s
    3. Vector copy and paste options
      6m 56s
    4. Applying Puppet Warp to vectors
      8m 9s
    5. "Gluing" vector art for Puppet Warp
      5m 50s
    6. Warping art onto the surface of an image
      8m 7s
    7. Blending a Smart Object
      4m 30s
    8. Blurring and blending a Smart Object
      6m 8s
    9. Making changes in Illustrator
      5m 57s
    10. Creating "true clones"
      7m 18s
    11. Double-flipping text
      4m 44s
    12. Applying effects to multiple layers
      3m 24s
    13. Updating true clones in one operation
      7m 36s
    14. Editing JPEGs as Camera Raw objects
      5m 49s
    15. Creating a double-exposure effect
      7m 15s
    16. Masking and shading transitions
      7m 47s
    17. Applying and repeating Camera Raw edits
      6m 9s
    18. Copying vs. cloning a Smart Object
      5m 18s
    19. Flipping a Smart Object and its mask
      3m 42s
    20. Adjusting multiple Camera Raw clones
      3m 53s
    21. Text that inverts everything behind it
      5m 34s
  7. 1h 59m
    1. This time, "smart" means dynamic
      1m 37s
    2. Introducing Smart Filters
      6m 28s
    3. Traditional High Pass sharpening
      5m 17s
    4. Smart High Pass in the Lab mode
      7m 57s
    5. Sharpening a high-frequency image
      7m 46s
    6. Retroactively reducing noise
      7m 31s
    7. Which filters are Smart Filters?
      6m 20s
    8. Shadows/Highlights as a Smart Filter
      4m 37s
    9. Nesting one Smart Object inside another
      7m 11s
    10. Drawing a mask from a nested Smart Object
      8m 7s
    11. Better Shadows/Highlights inside Lab
      9m 16s
    12. Tempering saturation values in Lab
      7m 0s
    13. Filtering live, editable text
      9m 2s
    14. Enhancing filters with layer effects
      4m 33s
    15. Applying a filter multiple times
      5m 0s
    16. Creating a synthetic star field
      7m 7s
    17. Making a stucco or drywall pattern
      6m 28s
    18. Land, sea, and clouds
      8m 30s
  8. 2h 50m
    1. Photoshop's advanced painting tools
      2m 3s
    2. Canvas texture and brush libraries
      6m 40s
    3. Painting with a predefined custom brush
      9m 21s
    4. Dissecting a custom brush
      11m 9s
    5. Designing and using a custom brush
      4m 54s
    6. Saving and loading brush presets
      5m 27s
    7. The ten styles of bristle brushes
      9m 47s
    8. Size, Spacing, and Angle
      7m 2s
    9. Using the Bristle Brush preview
      7m 53s
    10. Bristles, Length, Thickness, and Stiffness
      6m 53s
    11. Stylus tilt and mouse behavior
      5m 25s
    12. Stroking a path outline with a brush
      4m 0s
    13. Troubleshooting a stylus
      5m 49s
    14. Introducing the Mixer Brush
      7m 22s
    15. The Load, Mix, and Wet values
      5m 1s
    16. Cleaning and loading a brush
      6m 26s
    17. Shading a piece of graphic art
      6m 34s
    18. Shading with color
      7m 53s
    19. Mixing a photographic portrait
      6m 11s
    20. Tracing the fine details in an image
      5m 52s
    21. Crosshatching and brush size
      5m 53s
    22. Covering up and augmenting details
      7m 36s
    23. Painting in hair and fabric
      5m 54s
    24. Painting and scaling very fine hairs
      8m 7s
    25. Adding texture with the Emboss filter
      8m 31s
    26. Exploiting a "happy accident"
      2m 46s
  9. 1h 40m
    1. Artificial intelligence that works
      1m 22s
    2. The Auto-Align Layers command
      7m 25s
    3. The Auto-Blend Layers command
      3m 54s
    4. Masking auto-aligned layers
      4m 50s
    5. The Geometric Distortion setting
      6m 44s
    6. The Seamless Tones and Colors checkbox
      4m 8s
    7. Creating the best possible layer mask
      9m 18s
    8. Auto-blending depths of field
      5m 54s
    9. Finessing masks, accepting imperfections
      6m 29s
    10. Shooting and downsampling panorama images
      5m 54s
    11. Introducing the Photomerge command
      6m 40s
    12. Evaluating the Layout settings
      6m 47s
    13. Loading, aligning, and blending with Photomerge
      5m 36s
    14. Tracing and extracting seams
      7m 18s
    15. Adding a masked element into a panorama
      5m 55s
    16. Simplifying and correcting a panorama
      5m 58s
    17. Smart Filters and nondestructive cropping
      6m 43s
  10. 1h 18m
    1. The most mysterious of mysterious topics
      2m 29s
    2. Introducing HDR Toning
      6m 43s
    3. Reigning in clipped highlights
      5m 54s
    4. The Local Adaptation options
      9m 5s
    5. Nondestructive editing with HDR Toning
      8m 22s
    6. Using the HDR Toning Curve
      7m 2s
    7. HDR Toning vs. Shadows/Highlights
      6m 0s
    8. Merging multiple exposures
      7m 14s
    9. A first look at HDR Pro
      6m 24s
    10. Removing ghosts, correcting backlighting
      7m 11s
    11. Generating and editing an HDR comp
      7m 0s
    12. HDR rendered to completion
      5m 19s
  11. 1h 27m
    1. Processing hundreds of files in no time
      1m 43s
    2. Creating an action set
      6m 37s
    3. Making an action
      7m 7s
    4. Stop, Delete, and Record
      7m 12s
    5. Add, Undo, and Rerecord
      6m 40s
    6. Playing and testing an action
      6m 31s
    7. Playing and editing a specific operation
      6m 39s
    8. Permitting the user to change settings
      4m 58s
    9. Explaining an action with a custom stop
      5m 0s
    10. Batch-processing multiple images
      7m 22s
    11. Adding a Save As operation
      6m 34s
    12. Creating an action to save web graphics
      7m 59s
    13. Batching two actions into one
      7m 15s
    14. Saving and loading actions
      5m 30s
  12. 1m 19s
    1. See ya
      1m 19s

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