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Burning and dodging isn't a simple technique, rather there's a bit of an art and a craft to burning and dodging. Therefore, spending a few minutes learning how that Burn and Dodge tools work is really worthwhile. And that's what we're going to do here. We're going to start off simply playing with these tools a little bit, deconstructing them. And then in the next movie we'll take a look at how we can actually use these in order to make improvements on our photographs. Well, for starters you can select the Burn or Dodge tool over here in the Tools panel, and you can do so by simply clicking on the icon.
I want to point out that the Dodge tool will brighten, while the Burn tool will darken. Let's say that we select the Burn tool. How can we define how this actually works? Well, up in the Options bar we can define what range it's going to affect primarily. We can target Shadows, Midtones, or Highlights. We can also dial in an Exposure amount. All right! Well, let's go ahead, and let's say we're going to change our brush size here. We can do so by pressing the bracket keys, or we can right-click or Ctrl+click, change your brush size, or pick a different brush for that matter.
And then we can go ahead and click and paint. And at this point you can see that as I click and paint I'm darkening this area of the image. And for the most part this looks okay, yet just paint a little bit of a larger area. Now as I paint a little bit of a larger area you can see that there are some problems, right? Well, it didn't just darken the image. It also brought in this weird red color. And that doesn't look very good. Now on the other hand, what we can do is we can turn on this option here, which is called Protect Tones. You want to think of that as really as protecting color.
Let me show you why. Let me do the same brush strokes over here. When I do those same brush strokes on this side, what you're seeing is that we don't have that drastic red shift that we had over here. Rather the skin tone looks much better even on the face. This looks a little strange. This looks a little bit more even and natural. So when you're using these tools, whether Burn or Dodge, the Protect Tones, think of that again as really protecting color and that can help you out quite a bit. All right! Well, let me undo those brush strokes again. Those were just there for demonstration purposes.
What I want to do is highlight something else that we can do when using this tool and that is let's say that we make a selection either of Burn or Dodge. It doesn't matter which one, but let's go ahead and choose Dodge. If we go ahead and click and paint, and we are brightening up an area of an image whatever that area happens to be, in this case the arm. Well, let's say that we all of a sudden really want to use the other tool. We want to darken so we want to burn in some detail. Well, all that you need to do is to hold down the Option key on a Mac, Alt key on a PC, and then when you hold down that key and paint you can see here that now I'm darkening.
Let go off Option or Alt and then click and paint, and then you can brighten. Press Option or Alt and again you can darken. So the whole point here is that you can toggle back-and-forth between these two different tools and a lot of times that's helpful because you'll want to burn a little bit then dodge a little bit and go back-and-forth. The one thing that you want to keep in mind is that whatever settings you have here in your Options bar are the settings that will be used as you toggle back-and-forth between these two different tools. All right! Well, let's go ahead and undo all of these demo brush strokes.
And now that we know a little bit about these two tools let's go ahead and take a look at how we can actually use them, and we'll do that in the next movie.
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