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In this movie I want to introduce you to a fascinating and powerful tool which allows you to paint in adjustments into specific areas of your photograph. And this tool is really unique, because typically when we're working in Camera Raw, we're making big or broad or global adjustments. In other words, typically what we do is we make an adjustment which affects the entirety of our photograph. Here if I'm in the Basic Panel, we know that we can increase or decrease our Exposure; this affects all of our picture. Yet, if we click on the Adjustment Brush, you can click it here in the Tools Panel, or if you press the K key for its shortcut, what this allows you to do is to paint in say Exposure or Contrast or Highlights or any of these controls that you can see here.
As you notice, when you select this tool, it disables all of these tabs; they're now gone, and it takes you directly to the settings for this tool. Next, when you position the cursor over your image, or in this case, over this demo file here, you can see that you have these two circles. The inner circle, that's your Brush Size; the outer circle, that's the transition area or how the effect will kind of softly fade to that edge. That's the Feather Size. As you can see in this demo file, I've included a few shortcuts for changing those elements.
The Right Bracket key makes your brush bigger; Left Bracket key makes it smaller. And then we can press Shift+Right Bracket for more Feather, [00:01:2 .89] or Shift+Left Bracket for less Feather. If you forget those shortcuts, no big deal; you can always scroll down to the base of these controls, and at the base you see that you have some options or some sliders here for your Brush Size, Feather, Flow, and Density. We'll be talking about all of these elements and I want to do that so that we can really understand this tool, and then we can apply what we've learned by working on a few images later in this chapter.
Well, before we get to our brush, let's go ahead and take a look at the many different controls that we have. We've seen these in other places, right? Temperature and Tint. We have all of our tonality controls, Clarity, Saturation, Sharpness, Noise Reduction. So we can paint these adjustments in into really specific areas. Well, how does the painting work? Well, what you do is before you use the tool, you dial in some sort of an adjustment. In this case, let's say we want to increase our Exposure. Next, scroll down to the base of the area where you have these options.
You want to choose a Brush Size. I'll make my brush a little bit smaller and then also a Brush Feather amount. Well, what's Feather? Well, if I click-and-drag here, creating a straight line, you can see that this increased Exposure, well, it's really kind of soft. If we decrease the Feather, here I'll remove it all the way, and click-and-drag that same straight line, here you can see that we have really hard edges. Okay, well what then, or how then, does Flow work? Well, if you decrease Flow, here I'll make this really low, and if I paint across the image and then paint back and forth and back and forth, you can see that we can build up this effect.
This will become even more clear if we use some Feather. So what I want to do is I want to delete these kind of sample lines I've created here. So you can see I have this pin selected. When you have a pin selected, just press Delete or Backspace and it will remove that adjustment. Next, I'm going to increase my Feather all the way up. Here I'm going to make my brush a little bit smaller. And now with this low Flow, you can see as I paint this line here, it's pretty faint. But then as I go back and forth, I can build this up over and over again.
So why would you want to use a low Flow amount? Well, typically when you're painting an Exposure or maybe you're reducing Noise in a certain area or fixing your image, you want to typically progressively build that up; you don't want it to happen, boom, all at once. So the Flow slider allows us to be a little bit more delicate, or to kind of build up the effect brush stroke by brush stroke. Well, how then does Density work? Well, Density, you can think of kind of like as overall intensity. If I take this down to say about 46, and I paint back and forth, it doesn't matter how many times I paint back and forth, it will never be as bright as this line.
That's because I've decreased the Density. Again, so the Density kind of sets a cap on all of these different adjustments. Well, now that we've made these adjustments, let's say we want to make some changes to them. Well, you can go back to any of the sliders that you've used and you can change the amounts. Rather than brightening it this much, we could brighten it more or we could even darken this area. So you can always change this after the fact. Another way you can change the area that you've worked on is you can click on Erase. When you go to the Erase Brush, what you can then do is click and paint over the area that you've affected and here I'm just erasing all that I've done.
Well, let's say that we want to add multiple adjustments to one image. To do that, click New. Here I'll hover over the image. I'm going to go ahead and paint a line. In this case, let me go down here and increase my Density so we can at least see this, and so here I have this one brightened area of the photograph. And then I want to brighten another area, so I'll click New again. But I want to brighten this area a little bit less, so I'll go ahead and paint over here a little bit. And then I can click New again and I'm going to paint over here a little bit in a different shape.
And in this way you can see that you can work on these different areas of your photograph and you have these pins which show you the different adjustments. You can always click on one of the pins to activate it and then change that adjustment. You can also click on one of these pins and press Delete or Backspace, and in doing that, you can get rid of that adjustment. So as you can see, this tool, it gives us a lot of flexibility. And what's great about this flexibility is it's nondestructive. You can always undo it or erase it, and there's also no save or render time.
So things that we used to previously have to do in Photoshop with perhaps a new layer or a curves adjustment and a mask, now we can do this directly on our photograph here in Adobe Camera Raw. And now that we know a little bit about this tool, let's take a look at how we can put what we've learned into practice by working on a few images, and let's do that in the next few movies.
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