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Improving eyes and darkening edges

From: Photoshop CS4 Portrait Retouching Essential Training

Video: Improving eyes and darkening edges

In the previous movie, we looked at how we could add some detail and also brighten the eyes. In this movie, what I'm going to do is add a little bit more of a brightening effect as well as darken a specific area of the eyes. So this brightening effect, you may be thinking, initially isn't very interesting, but stick with me on this one. Here is what we are going to do. We are going to go ahead and click on the Adjustment Layer icon and then choose Curves. Now in Curves all that I'm going to do is just bring up the midpoint. I'm just going to brighten the image generally. Okay, well now I want to invert the mask. I'm going to invert that mask by clicking on word Mask and go to the Mask panel and then going to Invert. Now that I have concealed all of this brightening effect, I'm going to bring it back in just to the area of the eyes.

Improving eyes and darkening edges

In the previous movie, we looked at how we could add some detail and also brighten the eyes. In this movie, what I'm going to do is add a little bit more of a brightening effect as well as darken a specific area of the eyes. So this brightening effect, you may be thinking, initially isn't very interesting, but stick with me on this one. Here is what we are going to do. We are going to go ahead and click on the Adjustment Layer icon and then choose Curves. Now in Curves all that I'm going to do is just bring up the midpoint. I'm just going to brighten the image generally. Okay, well now I want to invert the mask. I'm going to invert that mask by clicking on word Mask and go to the Mask panel and then going to Invert. Now that I have concealed all of this brightening effect, I'm going to bring it back in just to the area of the eyes.

So I press the B key in order to select the Brush tool. Make a brush that's pretty big. A little bit bigger than the eyes and I'm going to go ahead and paint with white here, with about 80% Opacity or so. Quite a bit of intensity here. And I just want to click a few times, so I want to get this pretty equal. Now at this juncture, the brush strokes that I have made are too intense or too noticeable. So I'm going to navigate to the Filter, Blur, and Gaussian Blur. I'm going to blur that out. There are a number of different ways that we can blur this mask. This is one. All that I'm interested in doing is just softening the edges there. You will notice that it will become a little bit more gray or a little bit more concealed. I'm just interested in bringing some light into this area of the face. So I'll go ahead and lower my Opacity here and then click on my before and then after. And then I'll bring it up perhaps so you can see it a little bit more directly. Here is our before and then after.

So we are just redirecting the way that the viewer is looking at the image, brightening up the area around the eyes, as well as the eyes themselves in order to create a little bit more visual interest. Here is our before and after. It's subtle, yet one of those significant enhancements. Try it out on your own photographs. I think that you will see that this technique is actually quite interesting. All right, well the next thing that I want to do is I want to darken an area of the eye, so in particular I want to darken the edges of the eyes. Now this is really common in a number of different genres of Photoshop Retouching and particularly in fashion photography or different cases where you really want to make this eye stand out, because it's that dark edge which adds so much definition to the eyes. Well, how can we do that? There are a number of different techniques that we can use. One simple technique is to create a new layer by clicking on the New Layer icon and we will go ahead and name this layer, edges and next we are going to take this to a blend mode of good old Soft Light, because that's the blend mode where we can do some really good Burning and Dodging.

I will grab my Brush tool and with the Brush tool selected I'm going to make my brush really nice and small and I'm going to zoom into the eyes even further and I'm just going to go ahead and hold down the Option key and I'm going to click to sample one of these tones. Notice the tone is in black. I'll then go ahead and open up my Color Picker and I'm going to darken that tone up a little bit. It has a little bit of hue in that and it follows the hue of the eye which is nice and then I'll just go ahead and start to paint with that. Now a lot of times when we paint with this, we want to be careful that we don't go too far and we also can keep in mind that we can always lower the opacity of this, right. So sometimes I like to do things when I'm retouching at a high intensity so I can see the edges. So I can see my mistakes and then I can go back and modify them later, right.

So I'm going to go ahead and bring this in a little bit too strong here and I'm going to do that around the eyes. Then I'm going to make my brush nice and big, right about there I would say I'm going to click on the Add Layer Mask icon and I'll paint with black. What this will allow me to do is as I slowly add this brush stroke here, a little bit smaller perhaps to go around these edges, I can just bring this edge back a little bit. I'm going to press 0 to go to 100%. So I can bring that back even further. Again, just looking to limit where that is and one of the things I found is if you have that small brush in the inside, you can create a little bit better of a shape around the eyes than you can when you just painted it in. Well, let's look at our before and after. Here is before and after. So far so good. Let's work on the other eye.

So I'll click in the actual layer. In this case, we are going to go ahead and grab our Eyedropper. Make sure we have a nice tone that we can paint with and here we are going to make our brush nice and small and I'll go ahead and just track along the edge of the eye here. Now this is too strong to do on both eyes. I haven't lower the opacity of this layer yet. That will be coming. So I'll go ahead and make my way around this and just clean that up a little bit there. All right, that looks good. So far so good. Again, I could do a little bit of masking. The other technique I always like to do is to blur things out a bit. So I'll go ahead and click in the layer itself, Filter, Blur, Gaussian Blur. And you will find that this Gaussian Blur will give us ability just to soften my brush stroke significantly and look at both eyes there. Look at our before and then after. This makes it look less hand-painted. Then let's zoom out a little bit and see how we are doing.

Here is our before and then after. It's subtle, yet significant way to darken those edges and add some detail back to those eyes, make them really snap, give them a little bit more of a edge definition. Try a blend mode of Overlay for a little bit more intense effect or just Soft Light that will give us that effect there. Then finally I'm going to lower the Opacity just a touch. Before and after, just looking for a little subtle darkening of those edges and certain eyes will need more of this or less of this. With Annika's eyes here, well she has pretty dark edges already, right, so I didn't need to go too far.

Now let's take a look at our overall before and after with this image. Here is before and there is after. Really interesting and engaging way to brighten the eyes. Sometimes all that you want to do is perhaps one of these techniques. Like simply just bring in a little bit of brightness in there is interesting or perhaps we will go back to that group and we will turn off one of these other layers that Brightening layer there and we can come up with still some pretty interesting effects on those eyes, and again there is our before and after. So as you can see you have a number of different options in order to enhance and improve eyes.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS4 Portrait Retouching Essential Training
Photoshop CS4 Portrait Retouching Essential Training

175 video lessons · 25583 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 3m 22s
    1. Introduction
      2m 35s
    2. Using the exercise files
      47s
  2. 16m 24s
    1. Initial retouching considerations
      5m 21s
    2. Retouching workflow strategies
      3m 58s
    3. Retouching roadmap: Making notes
      2m 33s
    4. Using a Wacom Tablet
      2m 21s
    5. Resources and inspiration
      2m 11s
  3. 19m 44s
    1. White balancing in Adobe Camera Raw
      5m 51s
    2. White balancing with curves
      3m 10s
    3. Fine-tuning color with curves
      2m 17s
    4. Color-correcting white and black points in a photo
      3m 32s
    5. Color-correcting with a color card
      2m 59s
    6. Applying curves adjustments to another image
      1m 55s
  4. 35m 37s
    1. Reducing red skin tones
      3m 36s
    2. Correcting and enhancing skin colors
      2m 46s
    3. Introducing skin tone color correction
      3m 0s
    4. Color-correcting skin by the numbers
      2m 59s
    5. Color-correcting light skin tones: Male
      3m 25s
    6. Color-correcting light skin tones: Female
      2m 40s
    7. Color-correcting light skin tones: Children
      2m 46s
    8. Color-correcting medium light skin tones: Female
      2m 46s
    9. Color-correcting medium dark skin tones: Male
      3m 44s
    10. Color-correcting dark skin tones: Male
      5m 15s
    11. Color-correcting dark skin tones: Female
      2m 40s
  5. 34m 28s
    1. Using the Spot Removal tool
      5m 11s
    2. Deconstructing Clone and Heal spot removal
      2m 59s
    3. Cleaning up small skin variations
      5m 36s
    4. Reducing blemishes and skin shine
      3m 53s
    5. Cleaning up a portrait backdrop
      1m 39s
    6. Cleaning up a backdrop
      4m 33s
    7. Reducing wrinkles and Camera Raw workflow
      7m 46s
    8. Removing lens dust from images
      2m 51s
  6. 1h 1m
    1. Creative tip: Leaving crumbs
      1m 8s
    2. Removing background distractions
      7m 31s
    3. Removing elements with the Patch tool
      8m 27s
    4. Removing T-shirt graphics
      4m 6s
    5. Removing distractions near subjects
      6m 5s
    6. Simplifying a background
      7m 24s
    7. Cleaning up small facial details
      5m 50s
    8. Simple skin retouching project
      7m 29s
    9. Reducing hot spots
      4m 55s
    10. Cleaning up small hair details
      9m 2s
  7. 19m 39s
    1. Taking notes on an image
      2m 8s
    2. Cleaning up small details
      7m 12s
    3. Improving an eyebrow
      4m 13s
    4. Working on shadows
      6m 6s
  8. 15m 36s
    1. Cleaning up the background
      4m 27s
    2. Creative tip: Letting go of perfection
      1m 25s
    3. Improving the face
      5m 8s
    4. Cleaning up the details
      4m 36s
  9. 24m 41s
    1. Cleaning up the background
      5m 43s
    2. Improving background tone and texture
      6m 21s
    3. Fixing details and wrinkles
      4m 33s
    4. Final detail corrections
      4m 22s
    5. Bonus color enhancements
      3m 42s
  10. 38m 49s
    1. Creative tip: Movie critic
      58s
    2. Correcting tone with the Adjustment brush: Male
      5m 31s
    3. Correcting tone with the Adjustment brush: Female
      4m 58s
    4. Brightening with the Dodge tool
      3m 37s
    5. Correcting tone with curves
      5m 9s
    6. Enhancing with curves and the Burn tool
      3m 40s
    7. Quickly correcting tone with curves
      3m 35s
    8. Brightening with soft light blending
      4m 35s
    9. Darkening corners with soft light blending
      3m 54s
    10. Enhancing tone with shadows and highlights
      2m 52s
  11. 36m 11s
    1. Reducing shallow wrinkles with the Healing brush
      4m 32s
    2. Reducing wrinkles with Clone Stamp blending
      4m 2s
    3. Reducing deeper wrinkles with the Healing brush
      5m 57s
    4. Organizing layers and masking
      3m 15s
    5. Using the Dodge tool and blending modes on wrinkles
      4m 9s
    6. Using cloning, healing, and curves on wrinkles
      7m 33s
    7. Removing face and garment wrinkles for a magazine cover
      6m 43s
  12. 1h 1m
    1. Creative tip: Art and craft
      59s
    2. Adding sparkle to the eyes
      4m 25s
    3. Enhancing eye details
      3m 55s
    4. Brightening eyes
      6m 4s
    5. Improving eyes and darkening edges
      5m 38s
    6. Improving eyes with curves and color
      5m 3s
    7. Enhancing eyes with curves
      3m 42s
    8. Changing eye color
      6m 18s
    9. Adding a catch light
      2m 19s
    10. Sharpening eyes behind glasses
      4m 27s
    11. Whitening eyes
      2m 24s
    12. Whitening eyes in detail
      7m 44s
    13. Creating "Hollywood eyes"
      3m 24s
    14. Modifying pupils and eye edges
      5m 11s
  13. 15m 27s
    1. Reshaping an eyebrow
      3m 24s
    2. Improving texture around an eyebrow
      3m 8s
    3. Darkening an eyebrow
      3m 50s
    4. Adding mascara to increase eyelash density
      2m 11s
    5. Adding eyelashes
      2m 54s
  14. 18m 11s
    1. Enhancing lip color and tone
      3m 22s
    2. Using curves and Hue/Saturation to improve lips
      4m 28s
    3. Adding dimension, shine, tone, and color
      4m 11s
    4. Improving shape and tone
      6m 10s
  15. 11m 53s
    1. Creative tip: Ansel Adams
      1m 36s
    2. Whitening teeth with the Dodge tool
      2m 14s
    3. Whitening teeth with Hue/Saturation
      5m 17s
    4. Removing a gap between teeth
      2m 46s
  16. 35m 20s
    1. Patching a gap in hair
      2m 45s
    2. Covering hair discoloration
      3m 20s
    3. Brightening hair for emphasis
      3m 8s
    4. Brightening dark roots
      4m 27s
    5. Adding hair
      4m 39s
    6. Fixing roots and hair color
      4m 17s
    7. Removing flyaway hairs
      12m 44s
  17. 36m 12s
    1. Additional makeup resources
      1m 30s
    2. Brightening shadowed areas on the face
      2m 46s
    3. Adding color to the cheeks
      4m 59s
    4. Improving the lips
      3m 3s
    5. Modifying lip color
      4m 28s
    6. Adding makeup
      3m 31s
    7. Modifying eye makeup color
      4m 58s
    8. Increasing color saturation and variety
      3m 19s
    9. Changing eye makeup color
      3m 15s
    10. Creating dimensions with contours
      4m 23s
  18. 45m 5s
    1. Creative tip: Know when to hold 'em
      1m 18s
    2. Reducing skin highlights
      4m 15s
    3. Cleaning up small skin blemishes
      5m 19s
    4. Healing small skin blemishes
      3m 15s
    5. Minimizing color variance
      3m 31s
    6. Reducing small details
      4m 40s
    7. Advanced skin enhancement
      6m 17s
    8. Beauty skin workflow
      8m 50s
    9. Fashion project pt. 1: Background cleanup
      4m 21s
    10. Fashion project pt. 2: Skin cleanup
      3m 19s
  19. 1h 5m
    1. Basic skin cleanup
      2m 49s
    2. Advanced blemish removal
      6m 39s
    3. Skin softening
      7m 5s
    4. Basic skin cleanup
      3m 42s
    5. Enhancing texture and tone
      5m 12s
    6. Basic retouching final steps
      4m 27s
    7. Final skin softening
      6m 53s
    8. High-Pass skin softening
      7m 38s
    9. Creating a skin-softening action
      7m 18s
    10. Speeding up skin softening with masking
      7m 1s
    11. Skin cleanup and softening with Camera Raw
      6m 53s
  20. 57m 33s
    1. Creative tip: The ethics of retouching
      1m 31s
    2. Yoga project
      8m 52s
    3. Fashion project pt. 1: Improving the facial expression
      2m 44s
    4. Fashion project pt. 2: Changing the arms
      4m 43s
    5. Fashion project pt. 3: Modifying the legs
      2m 54s
    6. Fashion project pt. 4: Increasing the height
      2m 29s
    7. Fashion project pt. 5: Working with light
      6m 4s
    8. Flamenco project pt. 1: Modifying the waist
      3m 37s
    9. Flamenco project pt. 2: Improving the waist
      1m 54s
    10. Flamenco project pt. 3: Adding height
      2m 16s
    11. Flamenco project pt. 4: Color and tone
      2m 52s
    12. Muscles project pt. 1: Introducing the Liquefy filter
      2m 46s
    13. Muscles project pt. 2: Using the Liquefy filter
      5m 12s
    14. Muscles project pt. 3: Burning and dodging
      6m 19s
    15. Muscles project pt. 4: Using curves
      3m 20s
  21. 43m 31s
    1. Improving the jaw line with Forward Warp Liquefy
      3m 21s
    2. Improving the jaw line with Push Left Liquefy
      3m 25s
    3. Improving the jaw line with the Free Transform tool
      1m 55s
    4. Creating simple symmetry in the face
      7m 21s
    5. Improving the Shape of Eyes, Ears, Nose and Face
      3m 49s
    6. Tailor fitting a wedding dress
      2m 32s
    7. Improving the face
      3m 20s
    8. Reducing the stomach size
      4m 28s
    9. Correcting distortion
      8m 49s
    10. Combining multiple exposures
      4m 31s
  22. 46m 0s
    1. Creative tip: Seal on photography
      1m 28s
    2. Color-correcting skin tones
      4m 8s
    3. Reducing blemishes
      3m 33s
    4. Enhancing tone
      3m 22s
    5. Adding makeup
      5m 17s
    6. Creating dimension with contours
      2m 57s
    7. Sharpening eyes
      5m 22s
    8. Improving eyes
      4m 44s
    9. Lightening dark roots
      1m 26s
    10. Smoothing skin
      3m 38s
    11. Enhancing color
      3m 29s
    12. Modifying the background
      6m 36s
  23. 38s
    1. Goodbye
      38s

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