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The Hue/Saturation command

From: Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals

Video: The Hue/Saturation command

In this movie, I'll introduce you to the final color adjustment command that we will be seeing in this chapter and that's Hue/Saturation. I have created this demo file called Spray paint cans.psd. It's based on an image from the Fotolia Image Library about which you can learn more at fotolia.com/deke, and I've gone ahead and added an inset version of that Color Wheel, starting with red on the right-hand side and wrapping around the visible spectrum in a counter-clockwise fashion. Now the colors are most highly saturated around the perimeter and they become increasingly less saturated toward the center culminating in gray.

The Hue/Saturation command

In this movie, I'll introduce you to the final color adjustment command that we will be seeing in this chapter and that's Hue/Saturation. I have created this demo file called Spray paint cans.psd. It's based on an image from the Fotolia Image Library about which you can learn more at fotolia.com/deke, and I've gone ahead and added an inset version of that Color Wheel, starting with red on the right-hand side and wrapping around the visible spectrum in a counter-clockwise fashion. Now the colors are most highly saturated around the perimeter and they become increasingly less saturated toward the center culminating in gray.

Now the first thing I'm going to do is bring in my Adjustments panel, and then I will click on the Hue/Saturation icon which is right next door to Color Balance and that brings up the set of options here. And for starters, we've got three sliders: Hue, Saturation, and Lightness. The Hue slider is perhaps the most remarkable because if I drag it, you can see all the colors in the image rotate metaphorically, as well as quite literally here inside the Color Wheel. So check out that Color Wheel as I modify the Hue value.

The colors are rotating into different locations. So what you're doing with this Hue value is rotating all the colors inside of a range from -180 degrees to +180 degrees over on the right-hand side. I'll go ahead and reinstate that value to 0. Your other option is to change the saturation of the colors so you can make those colors as vivid as humanly possible, and notice when I crank that Saturation value up to +100, even the low saturation colors in the middle of the wheel becomes saturated.

And of course, if I reduce the Saturation value to -100, I end up changing the entire artwork to grayscale. Note by the way that we have this Reset option at the bottom of the Properties panel, and if you click that, you will go ahead and reinstate all the values to 0. The value that you're less likely to use at least on a global scale is Lightness, because notice if I reduce the Lightness value, I'm compressing the luminance range, so that white now becomes the medium shade of gray, black stays black, and everything else gets crunched in between.

The opposite happens when you increase the Lightness value. So if I take the value up to +50%, then what were formally black details inside the image become 50% gray, and the rest of the luminous range gets compressed. So where this adjustment is concerned, you're best off leaving the Lightness option alone and adjusting Hue and Saturation independently. Meanwhile, you have what's known as a Target Adjustment tool; this little hand with a pointing finger. And notice that it has two little arrowheads that are pointing either left or right.

Well, here is how they work. Let's say I want to modify the color intensity of the green can independently of the others. If I drag to the right, then I'm going to increase the saturation of that can and that can only, as well as any other green details such as the reflections in the neighboring cans. If I drag to the left, then I'm going to reduce the saturation of that green can independently of the other colors, and Photoshop even shows me that I'm modifying the greens.

So instead of changing the master colors, in other words, all colors inside the image, I'm just changing the greens and nothing more. Notice that Photoshop divides the color range into those same primaries that we saw when working with color balance, that is, we have reds, greens, and blues as well as their complements, yellows in the case of blues, cyans in the case of reds and magentas in the case of greens, and those are the primary colors in the world of RGB imaging.

I'm going to go ahead and click on that Reset button once again in order to reinstate the saturation of that green can. You can also use the Target Adjustment tool to selectively modify hues. So let's say I want to change the color of the green can. If I press the Ctrl key or the Command key on the Mac, and drag to the right, then I'm not only going to switch to greens as you can see there on the panel, but I'm increasing the Hue value which goes ahead and rotates the colors in a counter-clockwise fashion. So in this case, I've replaced this range of greens here inside the Color Wheel as well as inside the can with blues, even though we end up getting kind of a purplish effect on screen.

If you want to rotate the hues in the other direction, once again press the Ctrl key or the Command key on the Mac, and drag to the left instead and you will end up applying a negative Hue value which rotates the hues in a clockwise fashion, so we're replacing that range of greens with reds instead. Then if we wanted higher saturation reds, then you could just go ahead and drag without pressing the Ctrl key or the command key on the Mac, in order to increase those Saturation values, and you can see we've got something of an orange can.

If I want to make it red instead, I would Ctrl+Drag, or Command+Drag a little more to the left, and we end up with this effect here. Now, we have some choppy transitions and that's because we made some very aggressive modifications, as witnessed by these values here inside the panel. Usually, you don't go that far with the edits, as I will show you when I demonstrate a practical application of this feature in the next movie.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals

100 video lessons · 57432 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 19m 15s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      2m 27s
    2. Opening from the Windows desktop
      4m 7s
    3. Opening from the Macintosh Finder
      4m 9s
    4. Opening from Photoshop or Bridge
      2m 45s
    5. Opening an image from Mini Bridge
      1m 16s
    6. Opening through Camera Raw
      2m 32s
    7. Closing one image and Closing All
      1m 59s
  2. 38m 14s
    1. Navigating your image
      40s
    2. The dark vs. the light interface
      3m 12s
    3. Navigating tabs and windows
      4m 32s
    4. Panels and workspaces
      4m 27s
    5. Zooming incrementally
      4m 29s
    6. Zooming continuously
      2m 43s
    7. Entering a custom zoom value
      2m 25s
    8. Scrolling and panning images
      2m 31s
    9. Rotating and resetting the view
      2m 11s
    10. Cycling between screen modes
      3m 10s
    11. Using the Navigator panel
      3m 38s
    12. Adjusting a few screen prefs
      4m 16s
  3. 45m 58s
    1. Digital imaging fundamentals
      1m 45s
    2. Image size and resolution
      3m 3s
    3. The Image Size command
      3m 27s
    4. Common resolution standards
      3m 20s
    5. Upsampling vs. real pixels
      4m 36s
    6. Changing the print size
      6m 16s
    7. Downsampling for print
      4m 12s
    8. Downsampling for email
      3m 11s
    9. The interpolation settings
      5m 22s
    10. Downsampling advice
      4m 36s
    11. Upsampling advice
      6m 10s
  4. 53m 17s
    1. The layered composition
      1m 40s
    2. Introducing the Layers panel
      4m 12s
    3. Adding, scaling, and aligning layers
      5m 27s
    4. Dragging and dropping layers
      4m 36s
    5. Stack, reveal, and rename
      2m 58s
    6. Opacity, history, and blend mode
      6m 5s
    7. Duplicating a selected portion of a layer
      5m 32s
    8. Applying a clipping mask
      3m 58s
    9. Blending inside a clipping mask
      4m 10s
    10. Finishing off your artwork
      3m 13s
    11. Creating a new layer and background
      4m 24s
    12. Layering tips and tricks
      7m 2s
  5. 26m 19s
    1. The art of saving
      54s
    2. Four things to know about saving
      6m 0s
    3. Saving layers to PSD
      6m 38s
    4. Saving print images to TIFF
      4m 48s
    5. Saving an interactive image to PNG
      3m 41s
    6. Saving a flat photo to JPEG
      4m 18s
  6. 19m 36s
    1. Honing in on your image
      1m 43s
    2. The new and improved Crop tool
      3m 35s
    3. Editing your last crop
      3m 1s
    4. Straightening a crooked image
      2m 29s
    5. Filling in missing details
      6m 44s
    6. Using the Perspective Crop tool
      2m 4s
  7. 42m 6s
    1. First, there is brightness
      2m 12s
    2. How luminance works
      4m 18s
    3. The three Auto commands
      3m 27s
    4. Automatic brightness and contrast
      3m 19s
    5. The Brightness/Contrast command
      2m 47s
    6. The dynamic adjustment layer
      4m 5s
    7. Editing adjustment layers
      3m 52s
    8. Isolating an adjustment with a layer mask
      3m 31s
    9. Introducing the histogram
      4m 58s
    10. Measuring an adjustment
      3m 34s
    11. Using the Shadows/Highlights command
      6m 3s
  8. 44m 33s
    1. And second, there is color
      1m 31s
    2. Identifying a color cast
      3m 34s
    3. Correcting a color cast automatically
      3m 57s
    4. Changing the color balance
      6m 10s
    5. Compensating with Photo Filter
      3m 11s
    6. Adjusting color intensity with Vibrance
      3m 29s
    7. Correcting color cast in Camera Raw
      5m 46s
    8. The Hue/Saturation command
      5m 26s
    9. Summoning colors where none exist
      4m 8s
    10. Making more color with Vibrance
      4m 27s
    11. Making a quick-and-dirty sepia tone
      2m 54s
  9. 55m 46s
    1. Making selective modifications
      1m 10s
    2. The geometric Marquee tools
      6m 1s
    3. Aligning one image element to another
      4m 59s
    4. The freeform Lasso tools
      3m 59s
    5. Polygonal Lasso tool and Quick Mask
      5m 19s
    6. Cropping one selection inside another
      6m 15s
    7. Creating rays of light
      4m 44s
    8. Quick Selection and Similar
      4m 11s
    9. Making it better with Refine Edge
      4m 56s
    10. Integrating image elements
      2m 39s
    11. Magic Wand and Grow
      5m 17s
    12. Refine, integrate, and complete
      6m 16s
  10. 53m 49s
    1. Your best face forward
      1m 0s
    2. Content-Aware Fill
      6m 11s
    3. Using the Spot Healing Brush
      5m 36s
    4. The more capable "standard" Healing Brush
      5m 55s
    5. Meet the Clone Source panel
      3m 53s
    6. Caps Lock and Fade
      4m 57s
    7. The Dodge and Burn tools
      5m 1s
    8. Adjusting color with the Brush tool
      6m 35s
    9. Smoothing skin textures
      5m 58s
    10. Brightening teeth
      4m 0s
    11. Intensifying eyes
      4m 43s
  11. 51s
    1. Goodbye
      51s

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