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The Layer Styles feature in Photoshop is very powerful. If you've been following along in this particular chapter, you've seen how to create styles. In this video, what I want to do is show you how you can access a whole host of other styles that ship with Photoshop and then how to customize them a little bit once you've applied them. So, here I have some text that I've got in a text layer here. I've got my Styles panel open. If it's not open for you, you can go to your Window menu and choose Styles, right there. These are the default styles that shipped there and just meant to be kind of examples of what styles can maybe made up of.
They are not necessarily all that good-looking. Depending on your perspective, I can go ahead and click on a style to instantly format that text to look like whatever the style is. This is the Color Target style. That's the name of it, if I click on Sepia Tone. So, I can very quickly see all the different kind of effects and appearances I can get just by clicking on any of these individual styles. Now, it turns out, there's dozens of other styles that you can load into Photoshop. You may not like this default set. From the Styles flyout menu, in the upper right-hand corner, you'll see when the menu opens you have a set of styles that ship with the product.
I'm going to go ahead and choose one of these called Web Styles, and there's a whole bunch. Here's Text Effects and Photographic Effects and Glass Buttons and so forth. I'm going to go ahead and click on the Web Styles. It says, "Well, do you want me to go ahead and add these to the panel, so that you keep all the styles that you currently see there?" If you want that, you click the Append button, or "Do you want me to just "replace all the styles that are currently in the panel with this new set that you're about to load?" I'm going to do the latter there. Go ahead and click OK. It says, "Do you want me to save changes to current styles?" No, I'm going to say Don't Save. Okay. So, here we have a different set of styles that I can choose from.
I'm going to go ahead and click on say this chrome-looking style or this gelatinous style, and you can see every time I click on one of these, it just instantly formats the text to look like that particular style. So, there's a nice, chrome effect there. Here is a nice blue outline type style with a Drop Shadow. I'm going to go back to the clear, gelatinous button here. Now depending on the image or text that you apply a given style to, it may not look the way you want it to.
That's because these styles are created on sample images that whoever created the style, that particular image had a resolution, and the resolution of your images, how many pixels are in your image, if you have a lot of pixels, you tend to use higher values for, say, the distance or the width of a Drop Shadow or the width of a Bevel. When you apply these settings to images with different resolutions, you may not get the intended effect that you're looking for. So, to adjust for that, you have the ability to scale the effects.
Let's learn how to do that. On the fx icon, that shows up on the layer that it's applied to. If you right-click on the little fx icon, you get another pop-up menu, and you can choose the command Scale Effects, down at the bottom of the list. This brings up a very simple dialog box, with one slider, go ahead and pop open the Scale slider. You'll see, as I adjust this slider left and right, you can see you can dramatically change the appearance of any style simply by scaling it, right? If I use a really large amount, you'll see I don't have as much detail, because the width of these Bevel effects are getting very, very wide across that text.
If I narrow it down, you can see I get a very custom look, just by adjusting the scale to be appropriate for the particular content that's being applied to. If there is a style that you think you like by looking at its thumbnail, and then when you click on it, it doesn't look anything like you thought it would, before you rule it out, before you think it's just a kind of lame-looking style, make sure you try scaling the overall effect to make sure it's the appropriate size for your given content. So, again, I'm going to right-click on the little fx icon after choosing this Chrome style.
We'll choose Scale Effects. It brings up that slider again. I can pop open that slider and just start dragging it left or right. Now if you want, you can actually use your Arrow keys. If I just put my cursor and highlight the text there, if I use my Arrow keys, I can go one point at a time, and you can get really subtle scaling here. You may have to hit your Arrow key a couple times to actually see an effect depending on how much you are increasing the percentage. If you hold down the Shift Key and use the Arrow keys, you can go in 10% increments, and you can get faster incremental changes there. So, you get a lot of flexibility, not only in the plethora of styles that ship with the product, but once you choose any given style and apply it to a particular layer, you can really fine-tune it and customize it by changing the scale.
Then, of course, any one of these effects can be edited itself. So, if I double-click on Drop Shadow, it brings up the Layer Style dialog box, and you can just click and drag inside the image and adjust that shadow directly or use any of the various sliders here to customize that effect. All right. We'll go ahead and click OK, and there is kind of the brief overview of how you can share styles with others, bring them into Photoshop, load them, apply them to any layer that you have and then really fine-tune it, by either editing the effect or scaling the effect to make it appropriate for your content.
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