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Healing and patching

From: Photoshop CS5 for Photographers

Video: Healing and patching

Let's go ahead and take look at a scenario where we're going to use both the Healing Brush and the Patch tool in order to clean up this background. Here we have this photograph, which is captured at sunset of one of my good friends, Brandon Paul Watts, and let's say though what I want to do is clean up the concrete a bit. Well we will create a new layer. The shortcut to create a new layer on a Mac is Shift+Command+N. On the PC the same shortcut Shift+Ctrl+N. Let's name this layer c1 for cleanup 1. Next let's go ahead and press the J key in order to select the Healing Brush or click on that here in the Tools panel.

Healing and patching

Let's go ahead and take look at a scenario where we're going to use both the Healing Brush and the Patch tool in order to clean up this background. Here we have this photograph, which is captured at sunset of one of my good friends, Brandon Paul Watts, and let's say though what I want to do is clean up the concrete a bit. Well we will create a new layer. The shortcut to create a new layer on a Mac is Shift+Command+N. On the PC the same shortcut Shift+Ctrl+N. Let's name this layer c1 for cleanup 1. Next let's go ahead and press the J key in order to select the Healing Brush or click on that here in the Tools panel.

We need to make sure that Sample All Layers is turned on. All right. We will go ahead and make our brush a little bigger by pressing the right bracket key, hold down the Option key or Alt key, then click to set your sample area. We can just go ahead and start to paint away a few of these little problematic areas in order to clean up this background. All right. Well, so far so good. We are cleaning up some of the major kind of pits here in this concrete. Yet let's say that what we want to do is remove this entire line. No big deal. Hold down the Option key on a Mac, Alt key on a PC.

Click to sample and then paint all the way along that edge, and we will be able to remove that. Yet there is a distinct problem. Let me show you. One of the problems is that you can see we have a repeating pattern. We have this little divot repeated here and here. Here and here. Here and here. Whenever the eyes see that it says, something is fishy, something is wrong. So a lot times what you are going to need to do is once you've healed something, make your brush smaller and then Option+ Click a different area and then go ahead and kind of mess up the pattern a little bit.

Here you can see I'm simply just going through and I am trying to break that pattern, so that no one can see that there is some kind of a repeat there and I'm creating a new pattern. In this case, it now is hidden or disguised in that wall. So just be sure to keep a lookout for things like that. All right. Well the next thing that I want to do is I want to remove this entire crack over here. I want to make this wall look really good. Well one of the things that might be a good idea to do would be to merge our underlying layers to the topmost layer, so we can do some cloning and also some patch work.

Let me show you what I mean. On a Mac, we are going to press Shift+Option+Command+E. On a PC that's Shift+Alt+Ctrl+E. That will then merge everything to this top layer. Let's name it c2 for cleanup 2. Next thing I am going to do is grab my Clone Stamp tool. With the Close Stamp tool selected, I am going to go ahead and sample an area and then paint over this area right here so that I can kind of break this line here, because I don't want that line connected.

Well now that I have broken that line, I can actually do some pretty good patch work as long as it isn't touching an area of high contrast. Let me show you what I mean. Well here if we go back to our Patch tool. Select Source. We can then Lasso or select this little area here. I'll go ahead and make my way around this crack here. All right. We got it, and what we are going to do is click and drag this over here to this side where he have some nice clean concrete, and then let go, and it's gone.

Press Command+D on a Mac, Ctrl+D on a PC to deselect. You want to work on the edges now, so sample some of those edges and click and drag. We want to work on this edge. Sample some of those click and drag. I also want to work on this concrete down here. I am going to click and drag that to a new area. You can also click and drag multiple times and that will help sometimes build up the different type of edge detail or the texture that you may need. Now one of the things that you may notice here is that in this case I'm noticing that I kind of wish I had a little bit less smooth concrete here.

Well we can of course always go to Destination, sample some of these divots, and then bring them up here. Once we do that, they are going to be then blended into this area. If you ever need to deselect, you can either simply click to create a new selection and then move that, or you can press Command+D on a Mac or Ctrl+D on a PC. Now I have kind of had quite of bit of fun here and gone perhaps a little bit too far, but for the most part this is looking pretty good. I may need to go back over this and modify it here just a little bit, so let's do that.

I will go to the Healing Brush and I am just going to clean up some of these divots again so I don't have such a dramatic repeating pattern. Even though it's in the different area I just want to be careful that it's not overdone. I do like having the texture up there but again, I am just going to try to remove some of these small little divots here, creating some different patterns. What I am doing is I am Option+ Clicking or Alt+Clicking from different areas, different types of texture that I am bringing in into this background. All right. Well I think that's enough work on the background for now.

Let's take a look at our overall before and after, so we can see how we are doing. We will go ahead and hold on the Option key on a Mac, Alt key on a PC, and click on the eye icon of the Background layer. Here we have it, before and then after, some successful cloning and healing and patch work on this image.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS5 for Photographers
Photoshop CS5 for Photographers

204 video lessons · 43255 viewers

Chris Orwig
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 16s
    1. Welcome
      2m 14s
    2. Using the exercise files
      45s
    3. Photography and Photoshop
      1m 17s
  2. 27m 21s
    1. Becoming a successful student of Photoshop
      1m 1s
    2. Strategies for success
      2m 9s
    3. Taking visual snapshots
      3m 32s
    4. The importance of the 30-minute blink
      2m 38s
    5. Isolation
      5m 41s
    6. Creative memorization
      2m 59s
    7. Say it out loud
      4m 9s
    8. Be prepared for surprises
      1m 17s
    9. Why Photoshop CS5?
      3m 55s
  3. 20m 8s
    1. What is Adobe Bridge?
      2m 51s
    2. Introducing the Bridge workspace
      2m 57s
    3. Using Bridge to review and evaluate photographs
      4m 12s
    4. Working with Bridge and Photoshop
      1m 56s
    5. Introducing Mini Bridge
      3m 49s
    6. Working with Mini Bridge
      4m 23s
  4. 25m 52s
    1. Choosing your color settings
      2m 35s
    2. HUD color picker preferences
      2m 44s
    3. Image interpolation preferences
      3m 52s
    4. Zoom preferences
      1m 47s
    5. Interface preferences
      3m 3s
    6. File-handling preferences
      2m 59s
    7. Performance preferences
      2m 28s
    8. Cursor preferences
      2m 59s
    9. Guides and type preview preferences
      3m 25s
  5. 23m 46s
    1. Introducing color management
      2m 53s
    2. Two simple steps for more accurate color
      5m 34s
    3. Opening and saving files with embedded profiles
      4m 28s
    4. Why color settings and monitor calibration matter
      5m 18s
    5. Creative tip: Setting up your studio
      1m 59s
    6. Monitor calibration
      1m 46s
    7. Color management resources
      1m 48s
  6. 35m 9s
    1. Introducing the Tools panel
      1m 27s
    2. Working with the Tools panel
      4m 36s
    3. Viewing and arranging documents
      4m 29s
    4. Combining multiple images
      4m 15s
    5. Closing multiple images
      2m 17s
    6. Working with panels
      3m 50s
    7. Customizing your workspace
      4m 14s
    8. Creating custom keyboard shortcuts
      4m 49s
    9. Working with the Application bar and Full Screen view
      4m 3s
    10. Working with a Wacom tablet
      1m 9s
  7. 22m 54s
    1. Bit depth 101
      5m 29s
    2. Introducing image size
      3m 26s
    3. Resizing images
      6m 50s
    4. Resizing by cropping
      2m 33s
    5. Straightening an image
      2m 22s
    6. Creative tip: Sizing images correctly
      2m 14s
  8. 33m 49s
    1. Introducing the Camera Raw preferences
      3m 33s
    2. Opening images in Camera Raw
      3m 48s
    3. Using the basic Camera Raw controls
      3m 20s
    4. Color correction and white balance
      3m 7s
    5. Processing multiple images
      2m 21s
    6. Crop and compose
      4m 31s
    7. Converting to black and white
      2m 26s
    8. Camera raw workflow
      7m 36s
    9. Saving images from Adobe Camera Raw
      3m 7s
  9. 38m 9s
    1. Introducing transparency
      1m 29s
    2. Introducing layers
      2m 58s
    3. Working with layers
      3m 49s
    4. Aligning layers
      2m 8s
    5. Creating new layers
      4m 18s
    6. Organizing layers
      3m 34s
    7. Layer style effects
      6m 18s
    8. Creating a clipping mask
      3m 0s
    9. Targeting and moving layers
      4m 10s
    10. Layers shortcuts
      6m 25s
  10. 44m 59s
    1. Using the Magic Wand
      4m 43s
    2. Using the Quick Select tool to remove a background
      2m 16s
    3. Using the Quick Select tool for creative color effects
      2m 23s
    4. Using the Marquee Selection tool
      2m 55s
    5. Using the Magnetic Lasso tool
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Polygonal Lasso tool
      3m 28s
    7. Making color range selections
      3m 35s
    8. Using Refine Edge to improve selections
      3m 17s
    9. Using Refine Edge with a color range
      4m 21s
    10. Introducing paths
      3m 43s
    11. Creating a path selection
      4m 24s
    12. Using a path selection to improve color
      6m 48s
  11. 42m 31s
    1. Introducing masking
      1m 13s
    2. Deconstructing how masking works
      6m 56s
    3. Masking defined
      1m 51s
    4. Refining masked edges
      5m 58s
    5. Building a mask based on color
      6m 11s
    6. Changing a color using a mask
      3m 54s
    7. Masking and selective sharpening
      5m 53s
    8. Using the Mask panel controls
      4m 7s
    9. Quick Mask mode
      6m 28s
  12. 15m 8s
    1. Creating a custom border using masking
      6m 10s
    2. Using pre-built borders
      4m 21s
    3. Exploring sample image frames
      4m 37s
  13. 21m 40s
    1. Introducing the Adjustments panel
      4m 50s
    2. Using Hue/Saturation and the Target Adjustment tool
      4m 29s
    3. Adjusting brightness and contrast
      4m 46s
    4. Working with vibrance and saturation
      3m 31s
    5. Working with adjustment layer presets
      4m 4s
  14. 27m 10s
    1. Introducing levels
      3m 29s
    2. Enhancing color and tone with levels
      6m 32s
    3. Modifying color and contrast with levels
      6m 15s
    4. Using levels to make subjective color shifts
      5m 11s
    5. Using levels and masking
      3m 5s
    6. Creative tip: Checking in
      2m 38s
  15. 34m 14s
    1. Introducing the Curves dialog box
      2m 53s
    2. Demystifying curves
      5m 45s
    3. Using curves to modify color, contrast, and tone
      2m 58s
    4. Combining selections and masking with curves
      3m 6s
    5. Creating hand-painted masks
      4m 27s
    6. Enhancing a portrait with hand-painted masks
      6m 23s
    7. Using curves to enhance color
      4m 24s
    8. Using multiple curves adjustments
      1m 41s
    9. Using, modifying, and saving curves presets
      2m 37s
  16. 23m 5s
    1. Creative tip: Blending two elements
      58s
    2. Introducing blending modes
      2m 26s
    3. Blending modes visualized
      4m 40s
    4. Blending multiple images together
      4m 34s
    5. Using blending modes to remove white or black
      1m 53s
    6. Improving overexposure using blending
      1m 36s
    7. Improving underexposure using blending
      4m 8s
    8. Blending shortcuts
      2m 50s
  17. 16m 40s
    1. Correcting color with the eyedroppers
      4m 58s
    2. Correcting color and tone with the eyedroppers
      4m 14s
    3. Correcting color with Camera Raw
      1m 58s
    4. Camera Raw color correction with a color chart
      1m 52s
    5. Color-correcting skin by the numbers
      3m 38s
  18. 27m 27s
    1. Replacing color
      2m 9s
    2. Replacing color with Hue/Saturation
      5m 12s
    3. Modifying color with Selective Color
      3m 40s
    4. Modifying multiple colors with Selective Color
      3m 5s
    5. Creating dramatic sunset colors
      2m 59s
    6. Using Color Balance to improve sunrise colors
      1m 13s
    7. Using Color Balance, selections, and masks together
      4m 57s
    8. Improving a family portrait with Color Balance
      2m 35s
    9. Creative tip: Shoot more
      1m 37s
  19. 31m 12s
    1. Creative tip: The digital darkroom
      1m 20s
    2. Introducing the Burn and Dodge tools
      3m 22s
    3. Using the Burn and Dodge tools
      3m 31s
    4. Enhancing dimension with the Burn and Dodge tools
      3m 58s
    5. Improving tone with the Burn and Dodge tools
      3m 12s
    6. Using Soft Light for burning and dodging
      5m 58s
    7. Darkening with the Soft Light blending mode
      5m 39s
    8. Adding contrast to the highlights
      4m 12s
  20. 15m 1s
    1. Introducing black-and-white conversion
      4m 9s
    2. Converting a portrait to black-and-white
      4m 22s
    3. Converting a landscape to black-and-white
      2m 18s
    4. Adding grain and tone to a black-and-white image
      2m 39s
    5. Creative tip: Seeing beyond color
      1m 33s
  21. 11m 2s
    1. Adding lens flare
      3m 34s
    2. Adding film grain
      1m 47s
    3. Introducing Smart Filters
      1m 44s
    4. Applying Smart Filters
      3m 57s
  22. 10m 17s
    1. Reducing noise with Surface Blur
      4m 25s
    2. Using the Noise Reduction filter
      2m 56s
    3. Advanced noise reduction using channels
      2m 56s
  23. 45m 18s
    1. Using the Dust and Scratches filter
      3m 8s
    2. Removing dust and scratches with masking
      2m 44s
    3. Introducing the trio of healing tools
      5m 30s
    4. Using the Healing and Clone Stamp tools
      3m 26s
    5. Healing along edges and areas of contrast
      2m 8s
    6. Healing and patching
      5m 19s
    7. Using Content-Aware Fill
      4m 27s
    8. Using multiple content-aware tools for the best results
      4m 19s
    9. Making multiple selections with Content-Aware Fill
      2m 18s
    10. Deleting unwanted elements
      3m 59s
    11. Removing a garment strap with spot healing
      1m 46s
    12. Cleaning up an image with spot healing, cloning, and healing
      6m 14s
  24. 48m 59s
    1. Creative tip: Leaving crumbs
      1m 18s
    2. Whitening teeth
      2m 8s
    3. Improving eyes
      3m 24s
    4. Changing eye color
      2m 48s
    5. Enhancing makeup
      5m 33s
    6. Removing blemishes
      2m 20s
    7. Softening skin
      7m 0s
    8. Reducing shadows around eyes
      5m 32s
    9. Reducing and removing wrinkles around eyes
      6m 43s
    10. Improving highlights and shadows
      5m 6s
    11. Changing body size and shape with Liquify
      3m 50s
    12. Modifying the body with Puppet Warp
      3m 17s
  25. 23m 19s
    1. Using the Lens Correction filter
      5m 16s
    2. Removing distortion with Automatic Lens Correction
      2m 22s
    3. Improving a portrait with Lens Correction
      2m 16s
    4. Using Free Transform to correct perspective
      4m 47s
    5. Using Puppet Warp to correct perspective
      4m 47s
    6. Changing a portrait with Puppet Warp
      3m 51s
  26. 37m 11s
    1. Introducing Smart Sharpen
      4m 56s
    2. Smart Sharpen demystified
      5m 49s
    3. Smart Sharpen and masking
      8m 49s
    4. Using Smart Sharpen on small details
      5m 3s
    5. Using the Unsharp Mask filter
      6m 9s
    6. High Pass sharpening an image
      6m 25s
  27. 20m 5s
    1. Resizing for the web and email
      4m 23s
    2. Sharpening for the web and email
      2m 49s
    3. Correcting color for the web and email
      3m 50s
    4. Saving and exporting images for the web and email
      2m 43s
    5. Creating a web gallery
      4m 0s
    6. Sharing photos online
      2m 20s
  28. 17m 15s
    1. Desktop printing recommendations
      2m 46s
    2. Creating a PDF layout and contact sheets
      3m 5s
    3. Resizing and sharpening for a specific print size
      3m 12s
    4. Using Soft Proof to preview the print
      3m 48s
    5. Using the Print dialog box
      2m 25s
    6. Choosing printer settings
      1m 59s
  29. 56s
    1. Goodbye
      56s

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