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Photoshop CS5 for Photographers provides comprehensive Photoshop training targeting the needs of photographers. In this course, author Chris Orwig demonstrates the fundamental skills used to enhance digital photos, including managing and correcting color, sharpening, making selections and adjustments, retouching, and printing from Photoshop. In addition to teaching the techniques that enable photographers to refine and publish their photos, the course includes live-action segments that encourage thinking photographically and shooting with Photoshop’s capabilities in mind. Exercise files are included with the course.
Let's go ahead and take look at a scenario where we're going to use both the Healing Brush and the Patch tool in order to clean up this background. Here we have this photograph, which is captured at sunset of one of my good friends, Brandon Paul Watts, and let's say though what I want to do is clean up the concrete a bit. Well we will create a new layer. The shortcut to create a new layer on a Mac is Shift+Command+N. On the PC the same shortcut Shift+Ctrl+N. Let's name this layer c1 for cleanup 1. Next let's go ahead and press the J key in order to select the Healing Brush or click on that here in the Tools panel.
We need to make sure that Sample All Layers is turned on. All right. We will go ahead and make our brush a little bigger by pressing the right bracket key, hold down the Option key or Alt key, then click to set your sample area. We can just go ahead and start to paint away a few of these little problematic areas in order to clean up this background. All right. Well, so far so good. We are cleaning up some of the major kind of pits here in this concrete. Yet let's say that what we want to do is remove this entire line. No big deal. Hold down the Option key on a Mac, Alt key on a PC.
Click to sample and then paint all the way along that edge, and we will be able to remove that. Yet there is a distinct problem. Let me show you. One of the problems is that you can see we have a repeating pattern. We have this little divot repeated here and here. Here and here. Here and here. Whenever the eyes see that it says, something is fishy, something is wrong. So a lot times what you are going to need to do is once you've healed something, make your brush smaller and then Option+ Click a different area and then go ahead and kind of mess up the pattern a little bit.
Here you can see I'm simply just going through and I am trying to break that pattern, so that no one can see that there is some kind of a repeat there and I'm creating a new pattern. In this case, it now is hidden or disguised in that wall. So just be sure to keep a lookout for things like that. All right. Well the next thing that I want to do is I want to remove this entire crack over here. I want to make this wall look really good. Well one of the things that might be a good idea to do would be to merge our underlying layers to the topmost layer, so we can do some cloning and also some patch work.
Let me show you what I mean. On a Mac, we are going to press Shift+Option+Command+E. On a PC that's Shift+Alt+Ctrl+E. That will then merge everything to this top layer. Let's name it c2 for cleanup 2. Next thing I am going to do is grab my Clone Stamp tool. With the Close Stamp tool selected, I am going to go ahead and sample an area and then paint over this area right here so that I can kind of break this line here, because I don't want that line connected.
Well now that I have broken that line, I can actually do some pretty good patch work as long as it isn't touching an area of high contrast. Let me show you what I mean. Well here if we go back to our Patch tool. Select Source. We can then Lasso or select this little area here. I'll go ahead and make my way around this crack here. All right. We got it, and what we are going to do is click and drag this over here to this side where he have some nice clean concrete, and then let go, and it's gone.
Press Command+D on a Mac, Ctrl+D on a PC to deselect. You want to work on the edges now, so sample some of those edges and click and drag. We want to work on this edge. Sample some of those click and drag. I also want to work on this concrete down here. I am going to click and drag that to a new area. You can also click and drag multiple times and that will help sometimes build up the different type of edge detail or the texture that you may need. Now one of the things that you may notice here is that in this case I'm noticing that I kind of wish I had a little bit less smooth concrete here.
Well we can of course always go to Destination, sample some of these divots, and then bring them up here. Once we do that, they are going to be then blended into this area. If you ever need to deselect, you can either simply click to create a new selection and then move that, or you can press Command+D on a Mac or Ctrl+D on a PC. Now I have kind of had quite of bit of fun here and gone perhaps a little bit too far, but for the most part this is looking pretty good. I may need to go back over this and modify it here just a little bit, so let's do that.
I will go to the Healing Brush and I am just going to clean up some of these divots again so I don't have such a dramatic repeating pattern. Even though it's in the different area I just want to be careful that it's not overdone. I do like having the texture up there but again, I am just going to try to remove some of these small little divots here, creating some different patterns. What I am doing is I am Option+ Clicking or Alt+Clicking from different areas, different types of texture that I am bringing in into this background. All right. Well I think that's enough work on the background for now.
Let's take a look at our overall before and after, so we can see how we are doing. We will go ahead and hold on the Option key on a Mac, Alt key on a PC, and click on the eye icon of the Background layer. Here we have it, before and then after, some successful cloning and healing and patch work on this image.
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