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Fixing creases

From: Photo Restoration with Photoshop

Video: Fixing creases

Unless a photo is stored in a very secure way, laying flat in an archival folder or box, and has been treated very carefully its whole life, creases can, and often will, happen. Our mission is to repair them so no one would ever know they had anything but the best storage facility. First thing you'll want to do on your image is duplicate the original layer: Command+J on a Mac, Ctrl+J on a PC. One thing that'll make your life easier in a situation where, like this, you have some major discoloration in areas, like this very yellow streak, is to use a Black & White adjustment filter to bring out a channel where the discoloration could be less evident.

Fixing creases

Unless a photo is stored in a very secure way, laying flat in an archival folder or box, and has been treated very carefully its whole life, creases can, and often will, happen. Our mission is to repair them so no one would ever know they had anything but the best storage facility. First thing you'll want to do on your image is duplicate the original layer: Command+J on a Mac, Ctrl+J on a PC. One thing that'll make your life easier in a situation where, like this, you have some major discoloration in areas, like this very yellow streak, is to use a Black & White adjustment filter to bring out a channel where the discoloration could be less evident.

Go to the bottom of the Layers panel and select the Create a New Fill or Adjustment Layer button and choose Black & White. Start by going through the channels to see in which one the dark streak is less, and in this case it's in the Red channel. Ctrl+E or Command+E to add the adjustment to the layer below. This will now be your working layer over your original layer. You can add a little color tone back in later and probably something a lot more attractive than that yellow cast.

Now let's select the Zoom tool and zoom in on the crease. The trick with creases is that usually one side is a different tone than the other, due to the light from the scanner catching on the bend of the photo. You need to blend them together for a seamless look. Especially in an open area, like the sky for instance, I'd recommend using the Patch tool. Let's go over and select that from the toolbar and then select an area of the sky and drag it to one side or the other.

Just by dragging we've blended those areas in just a bit. Let's go get another and move it to the other area, and again that's a pretty good blend. But what you'll want to do is after you're done with a pretty good space, select the area again that you've gone over and then bring it over for a better blend. When you get into the areas that are more detailed then you may need to change your tools up. I am going to zoom in a little closer with the Zoom tool and go to this area at the very top of the head.

This isn't going to be a good candidate for the Patch tool because it curves. You can either use the Healing brush, the Clone Stamp tool, or the Content-Aware Spot Healing brush in CS5--or more likely, a combination of tools. I am going to start off with a quick pass of the Content-Aware Spot Healing brush by going to the toolbar, Spot Healing brush, making sure Content-Aware is checked, and then just go through a quick pass.

You see that followed the contours of the head pretty well. If I want to clean that up, I can go down to the Clone Stamp tool. You can adjust the brush size with your open and close bracket tools. Don't use an overly large brush. Hold down Alt or Option, select an area, and you can clean that up just a bit. If you have a jagged area that there is a noticeable difference between the two, say this little area right here--I am going to zoom in a little closer-- this area right here looks a little jagged, you can always go down to your Blur tool, lower your brush size--don't want it too big--and go over there, and that blends in those jagged areas.

Once you get your very detailed areas finished, you can go back and grab your Patch tool and continue down the crease. Switch to other tools as you need, or want. It's always better to use multiple tools; it's very rare that one tool is going to work through the whole image. Let's zoom back out and look at a quick before and after to see how that crease is looking. That's a pretty good blend. Now if you want that color back, or any color at all, you can simply go in, bring your original up, sample a color, have a new blank layer on top, fill it in with Alt+Backspace or Option+Delete for your foreground color, go in and change your layer Blend mode, scroll through them to see which might work best for you.

In this case Overlay does a pretty good job. Bring down the Opacity a little if you'd like, just to bring some color back in from the black-and-white. And you just continue along your whole crease until you get it all fixed. When creases go through the entire photo, and through detailed areas in particular, they need to be worked on close up, with many different tools and adjustments to get the best result. With a little work and care, one would be hard pressed to know there was ever a mark there to begin with.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photo Restoration with Photoshop
Photo Restoration with Photoshop

70 video lessons · 15475 viewers

Janine Smith
Author

 
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  1. 1m 33s
    1. Welcome
      48s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      13s
    3. Using the exercise files
      32s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Customizing your workspace
      2m 17s
    2. Using layers
      1m 58s
    3. Assessing the damage
      1m 52s
    4. Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
      3m 47s
    5. Using a Black & White adjustment layer
      1m 57s
    6. Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools
      4m 56s
  3. 27m 30s
    1. Fixing a faded black-and-white photo
      2m 20s
    2. Removing small splits, specks, and spots
      3m 44s
    3. Repairing red-eye
      4m 58s
    4. Reducing paper texture
      4m 34s
    5. Reducing dot patterns in printed photos
      3m 51s
    6. Fixing lens distortion
      4m 19s
    7. Straightening a crooked image
      3m 44s
  4. 24m 16s
    1. Fixing large rips, tears, and other damage
      3m 9s
    2. Removing long scratches
      3m 24s
    3. Fixing creases
      5m 8s
    4. Stitching large photos using Photomerge
      3m 17s
    5. Reassembling torn photos
      4m 56s
    6. Replacing missing pieces
      4m 22s
  5. 27m 55s
    1. Removing stains
      3m 48s
    2. Removing ink marks
      2m 34s
    3. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a black-and-white photo
      2m 14s
    4. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a color photo
      6m 1s
    5. Fixing mold damage
      5m 20s
    6. Reducing starburst light glare
      5m 11s
    7. Reducing eyeglass light glare
      2m 47s
  6. 21m 32s
    1. Understanding the basics of levels
      2m 50s
    2. Understanding the basics of curves
      3m 29s
    3. Finding the black, white, and gray points in an image
      3m 28s
    4. Adjusting color levels by channel
      1m 58s
    5. Making selective contrast adjustments
      4m 48s
    6. Adjusting image shadows and highlights
      4m 59s
  7. 18m 13s
    1. Adjusting color with the Photo Filter adjustment
      2m 23s
    2. Correcting color casts using inverse color correction
      3m 2s
    3. Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment
      3m 19s
    4. Correcting color casts using the Variations command
      3m 55s
    5. Correcting color by combining levels and curves
      1m 44s
    6. Improving color by adjusting the hue and saturation
      3m 50s
  8. 33m 14s
    1. Removing distracting elements
      5m 35s
    2. Repairing and recreating backgrounds
      7m 43s
    3. Extracting areas using masks
      5m 5s
    4. Matching colors in elements you add
      4m 11s
    5. Matching textures
      4m 45s
    6. Replacing facial features and missing body parts
      5m 55s
  9. 29m 59s
    1. Converting to black and white
      4m 48s
    2. Enhancing faded color
      3m 30s
    3. Smoothing a subject's skin
      4m 2s
    4. Enhancing black-and-white photos with duotone
      2m 34s
    5. Enhancing the eyes
      4m 10s
    6. Bringing out facial features with light
      5m 22s
    7. Sharpening
      5m 33s
  10. 32m 32s
    1. Assessing the damage
      1m 26s
    2. Repairing the crack
      1m 52s
    3. Replacing the missing body parts
      3m 5s
    4. Removing the specks, spots, and scratches
      3m 7s
    5. Fixing the missing corner
      1m 14s
    6. Lightening the stains
      5m 22s
    7. Restoring the faded tone in the face
      3m 8s
    8. Balancing the tone in the image
      1m 58s
    9. Evening the color with a Black & White adjustment layer
      49s
    10. Cleaning up the image
      2m 24s
    11. Adding definition to the face
      2m 20s
    12. Softening the image
      58s
    13. Sharpening the image
      2m 4s
    14. Bringing back some of the original tone
      1m 34s
    15. Comparing the image before and after
      1m 11s
  11. 24s
    1. Final thoughts
      24s

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