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In this tutorial we're going to learn about the Clone Stamp tool which can help you heal bigger blemishes and solve bigger problems. And do some other cool tricks as well, that we'll look at. So in the tools panel, I want to go down a couple from the spot healing brush tool to the Clone Stamp tool. And if we get a big brush, and I want to shrink the size of this brush, and I can do that by clicking the Left Bracket key. And I can increase the size of it by clicking the Right Bracket key. That's the keys right next to the letter P on your keyboard.
Alternatively, I could right-click, and adjust the size with this slider, I don't prefer this method just because I can't see what I'm doing. I'm going to have to move it and then check, but if I use the keyboard shortcuts then I can see what I'm doing. So I'm going to zoom in here, to these little houses and this light house and I want to get rid of these. Now actually if we use the Spot Healing Brush tool, the Spot Healing Brush tool is brilliant enough that if we click on this and paint it will do an amazing job of getting rid of it, even keeping that little diagonal line on the mountain.
So that might be the best tool for the job. I'm going to go ahead and hit Cmd+Z or Ctrl+Z to undo that because I want to show you how you would do that with the Clone Stamp tool. Cuz there's a lot of times that the Clone Stamp tool can work wonders that the Spot Healing Brush could no way ever do. So I'm going to click the Left Bracket key to reduce the sizes of my brush about the size of one of these houses. And what the Clone Stamp tool allows us to do is take data from one part of the image and paste it onto another part of the image, rather, paint it on another part of the image, which again, is very powerful.
So I'm just going to go down here, I'm going to hold down the Option key on the Mac, or the Alt key on the PC to get this little crosshair there, and that determines which area we're going to be sampling from. So I'm going to, with the Option key held down, or Alt key held down, I'm going to click once to sample, and then you can see that my brush now is loaded with this information. So I'm going to be painting, with this part of the image. So now if I paint over this, see that we have covered that up. And you can even see the repeating texture.
That this little shape is just like that little shape. So I might want to sample over here, maybe something a little less conspicuous. And then I could start clicking and dragging and painting. Every once in a while you get these little artifacts over here. So I can just come over here and click. And the trick here is just to keep kind of sampling from different areas and painting. Also click the edge of the cliff, and then paint with the edge of the cliff here. Now, what's happening here. Why we're getting this extra part of the image, the ghosting here is that, Photoshop is actually sampling the image before you clone it. So I'm actually going to press Cmd+Z to undo that.
So if I sample right here, for example, it's going to be sampling this part of the mountain with the lighthouse there. So if I keep dragging upwards. Then the light house is going to show up in my paint. So what I need to do is Option click to sample and then click once to paint and then let go and then click another time to paint. So instead of dragging I'm clicking once and letting go and clicking another time and letting go. We have some artifacts here against the edges and we can sample the sky to repaint this here.
And so again this is kind of back and forth where I'm clicking and dragging, clicking and dragging. Kind of rebuild what was, what was there. It takes a little bit of work but, the point is, is I could customize whatever is there or was there by covering it up. There's a little bit of leftover junk there so I'm going to press the Left Bracket key, sample some sky, maybe be over here, and then come over here and paint that in so it's a little bit cleaner of an edge.
So there we go, we fixed that up a little bit. It's still a little blurry, so we might want to take some data from this part of the mountain and paste over it. Another thing that's a good idea to do, which is actually a best practices type thing I didn't do right now. I neglected that, but I could create a New Layer and then change the sample drop-down from the Current Layer, which won't work right now, because there's nothing on this layer. If I Option click that and then try to paint it won't do any good because there's nothing on this layer. So I need to change the sample from Current Layer to all Layers, and so that will allow me to sample from all Layers and then it will paint on just that Layer.
And if I don't like it, I can undo it. But what I've done here is I painted on the Background Layer, which is kind of a no no. Because I can't undo that. I can't see the original data anymore, it's gone. It' just always good to paint on a separate layer. I'll do that now with this exercise. Now, because, what we're doing with the Clone Stamp tool is we're copying data, and then pasting it somewhere else. We could use this not only for covering up big blemishes or we can also use this for copying data as well. So I can increase the size of my brush here, and Option click on this bird.
And then, come over here and paint and make another bird. And do that again, Option click and make another bird. And I can Option click on this bird and make some more of him. And yeah this is a great way to make armies, as you can imagine or a flock or birds or marbles or whatever else you want a bunch of in your image. But the Clone Stamp tool is not only good for, at removing blemishes like this lighthouse or adding objects like these seagulls.
It really great, too, if you wanted to get rid of an entire portion of your image. If you wanted to remove somebody from a photo. You could Clone Stamp data to get rid of it. Say for example we wanted to get rid of this big rock. We could Clone Stamp the sky, and actually I want to take out, take my brush down a little bit, and then zoom in, but we would want to sample from the sky, at, over here. And then sample from the water over here, maybe even over there and that way, we can get rid of bigger blemishes, such as this rock here. Or again, if this was a boat or another person in the photo or whatever, we just take data from somewhere, and paint it there to get rid of stuff that we don't want in our image.
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