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Filling in missing details

From: Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals

Video: Filling in missing details

In this movie, I'm going to show you a couple of tricks for rebuilding details in a straightened photo. I've saved the results of the previous movie, it's Perpendicular horizon.psd found inside the 06_Crop folder. We have three wedges in all. In the upper left-hand corner we're missing some sky, that's pretty easy to fix. Down left we're missing some grass, a little bit of shadow, this curb and then the toes, the toes are the tough part. And then in the down right corner, we're missing some of the heel and ankle.

Filling in missing details

In this movie, I'm going to show you a couple of tricks for rebuilding details in a straightened photo. I've saved the results of the previous movie, it's Perpendicular horizon.psd found inside the 06_Crop folder. We have three wedges in all. In the upper left-hand corner we're missing some sky, that's pretty easy to fix. Down left we're missing some grass, a little bit of shadow, this curb and then the toes, the toes are the tough part. And then in the down right corner, we're missing some of the heel and ankle.

That's going to take a little bit of work as well. So here's how we'll start. Go to the Lasso tool, click and hold on it and choose the Polygonal Lasso from the flyout menu. Then let's go ahead and zoom in here so that we can see where this wedge starts because it's very narrow at the beginning. The Polygonal Lasso tool allows you to create a selection outline by clicking the side corners. And so I'm going to start right about here out in the pasteboard in order to set my first point and then I'll click there. I don't want to go too far over, I don't want to go out into the good part of the sky.

I want to stay fairly tight to this wedge, and notice that I have a little bit of true sky border going on. And then I'll move upward and Photoshop will go ahead and auto-scroll the image until I get to the top here. I'll click about here in the pasteboard. And then over here in the pasteboard past the upper left corner, go ahead and move the cursor back down again, and I can either move my cursor over the very first point and click in order to complete the selection outline or I can double-click out here. Either way it is going to work out just fine.

All right, now I'll press Ctrl+0 or Command+0 on the Mac, to go ahead and fit the image to the screen. And I'll go out to the Edit menu and choose the Fill command. And that will bring up the Fill dialog box. Now by default, your Use option right here should be set to Content-Aware. And what that does is it invokes the Content-Aware Fill feature inside Photoshop, which causes Photoshop to look for pixels outside the selection that it can use to fill in the selected area. So if Use isn't set to Content-Aware, go ahead and choose it from the popup menu.

Your other option should be set to their defaults as you see on screen here. Then click OK in order to apply that change. And with any luck Photoshop is going to do a brilliant job of filling in that sky. If you want to check your work, go ahead and zoom on in, and then you can hide that selection outline temporarily by pressing Ctrl+H or Command+H on a Mac, and that looks great. And you can see that this was no easy chore even though the sky looks fairly uniform, it's actually a gradient going from dark blue down to light blue.

All right, now I'm going to press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac in order to deselect the image. Let's try the same thing down here near the bottom of the image. I'm going to click right about here below the image, then up into the image like so. And then I'll move along, click right about there, click out inside the pasteboard again, come back, double- click at some point in order to complete that selection outline. All right, now, I'm going to press Ctrl+H or Command+H upfront to hide that selection. That area though is still selected, so I have not deselected the image.

Now let's go back to the Edit menu and choose the Fill command again. In order to bring up the Fill dialog box the same option should still be in place. So go ahead and click OK in order to apply Content-Aware Fill. And I have to say it looks pretty darn good, the grass is in good shape, the shadow is okay. We can see some obvious repetition here in the curb, I could deal with that later if I want to. The toes, not so good. Photoshop is not capable of inventing anatomical details out of thin air.

So we're just going to have to suffer with that. All right, now, I'll press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac to deselect the image. We could try the same thing behind the heel, but we don't stand a chance in making that work. So let's try another approach. I'll press Ctrl+0 again, Command+0 on the Mac. I'm going to press the M key to switch back to my Rectangular Marquee tool. That's just a habit I get in because then I see a cross shape cursor which is less distracting than say a Jagged Lasso. All right, now, I'll go up to the Edit menu, choose the Transform command and then choose Distort.

And that allows me to apply what's known as a 4-point distortion, so that I can move the corner handles away from each other. I'm going to drag this bottom right-handle like so, just outward. And I'll press the Shift key as I do to constrain the angle of my drag to exactly horizontal. And once I get it to about 1.3 degrees, that looks pretty good, and you can see that heads up display just up into the right of my cursor. I'll go ahead and release the Mouse button and the Shift key, and then to apply the distortion, I'll press the Enter key or the Return key on a Mac.

Just a little more work to be done here. We've got that bad toe action. So let's go ahead and zoom in on it. And I'll switch back to my Crop tool. And I'll go ahead and drag upward like so just a little bit until I crop away those bad toes. And I'll drag this corner handle out a little bit because, and I now have a little extra heel to work with here. If you have problems with the handles snapping into place then you can go up to the View menu and turn off the Snap command. But everything seems to be working out fine for me.

A couple or more tricks you might want to be aware of. If the crop boundary is interfering with your view of the image, you can press Ctrl+H or Command+H on the Mac in order to hide it. But you still have the option of dragging the crop boundary up and down, so you can still modify it to your heart's content even though you can't see it. Here is another option that's available to you. If you want to hide the cropped portion of the image, you just press the H key, and notice how that little bit of image disappears. To bring it back, press the H key again, and obviously to re-display the crop boundary you press Ctrl+H or Command+H on the Mac.

All right, this is looking great to me, so I'll press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac in order to apply that crop, and then I'll press the M key in order to switch back to the Rectangular Marquee tool. And I'll press Ctrl+0 or Command+0 on the Mac to zoom out from the image. So just to give you a sense of what we were able to accomplish, I'll go up to the File menu and choose the Revert command or I can press the F12 key, which is a keyboard shortcut, and that will take me back to my old wedges. So this is the straightened version of the image with the missing details.

And then, because I can undo the revert here in Photoshop, I'll press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac to reinstate the filled-in details that I created using Content-Aware Fill and the Transform Distort function here inside Photoshop.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals

100 video lessons · 56358 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 19m 15s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      2m 27s
    2. Opening from the Windows desktop
      4m 7s
    3. Opening from the Macintosh Finder
      4m 9s
    4. Opening from Photoshop or Bridge
      2m 45s
    5. Opening an image from Mini Bridge
      1m 16s
    6. Opening through Camera Raw
      2m 32s
    7. Closing one image and Closing All
      1m 59s
  2. 38m 14s
    1. Navigating your image
      40s
    2. The dark vs. the light interface
      3m 12s
    3. Navigating tabs and windows
      4m 32s
    4. Panels and workspaces
      4m 27s
    5. Zooming incrementally
      4m 29s
    6. Zooming continuously
      2m 43s
    7. Entering a custom zoom value
      2m 25s
    8. Scrolling and panning images
      2m 31s
    9. Rotating and resetting the view
      2m 11s
    10. Cycling between screen modes
      3m 10s
    11. Using the Navigator panel
      3m 38s
    12. Adjusting a few screen prefs
      4m 16s
  3. 45m 58s
    1. Digital imaging fundamentals
      1m 45s
    2. Image size and resolution
      3m 3s
    3. The Image Size command
      3m 27s
    4. Common resolution standards
      3m 20s
    5. Upsampling vs. real pixels
      4m 36s
    6. Changing the print size
      6m 16s
    7. Downsampling for print
      4m 12s
    8. Downsampling for email
      3m 11s
    9. The interpolation settings
      5m 22s
    10. Downsampling advice
      4m 36s
    11. Upsampling advice
      6m 10s
  4. 53m 17s
    1. The layered composition
      1m 40s
    2. Introducing the Layers panel
      4m 12s
    3. Adding, scaling, and aligning layers
      5m 27s
    4. Dragging and dropping layers
      4m 36s
    5. Stack, reveal, and rename
      2m 58s
    6. Opacity, history, and blend mode
      6m 5s
    7. Duplicating a selected portion of a layer
      5m 32s
    8. Applying a clipping mask
      3m 58s
    9. Blending inside a clipping mask
      4m 10s
    10. Finishing off your artwork
      3m 13s
    11. Creating a new layer and background
      4m 24s
    12. Layering tips and tricks
      7m 2s
  5. 26m 19s
    1. The art of saving
      54s
    2. Four things to know about saving
      6m 0s
    3. Saving layers to PSD
      6m 38s
    4. Saving print images to TIFF
      4m 48s
    5. Saving an interactive image to PNG
      3m 41s
    6. Saving a flat photo to JPEG
      4m 18s
  6. 19m 36s
    1. Honing in on your image
      1m 43s
    2. The new and improved Crop tool
      3m 35s
    3. Editing your last crop
      3m 1s
    4. Straightening a crooked image
      2m 29s
    5. Filling in missing details
      6m 44s
    6. Using the Perspective Crop tool
      2m 4s
  7. 42m 6s
    1. First, there is brightness
      2m 12s
    2. How luminance works
      4m 18s
    3. The three Auto commands
      3m 27s
    4. Automatic brightness and contrast
      3m 19s
    5. The Brightness/Contrast command
      2m 47s
    6. The dynamic adjustment layer
      4m 5s
    7. Editing adjustment layers
      3m 52s
    8. Isolating an adjustment with a layer mask
      3m 31s
    9. Introducing the histogram
      4m 58s
    10. Measuring an adjustment
      3m 34s
    11. Using the Shadows/Highlights command
      6m 3s
  8. 44m 33s
    1. And second, there is color
      1m 31s
    2. Identifying a color cast
      3m 34s
    3. Correcting a color cast automatically
      3m 57s
    4. Changing the color balance
      6m 10s
    5. Compensating with Photo Filter
      3m 11s
    6. Adjusting color intensity with Vibrance
      3m 29s
    7. Correcting color cast in Camera Raw
      5m 46s
    8. The Hue/Saturation command
      5m 26s
    9. Summoning colors where none exist
      4m 8s
    10. Making more color with Vibrance
      4m 27s
    11. Making a quick-and-dirty sepia tone
      2m 54s
  9. 55m 46s
    1. Making selective modifications
      1m 10s
    2. The geometric Marquee tools
      6m 1s
    3. Aligning one image element to another
      4m 59s
    4. The freeform Lasso tools
      3m 59s
    5. Polygonal Lasso tool and Quick Mask
      5m 19s
    6. Cropping one selection inside another
      6m 15s
    7. Creating rays of light
      4m 44s
    8. Quick Selection and Similar
      4m 11s
    9. Making it better with Refine Edge
      4m 56s
    10. Integrating image elements
      2m 39s
    11. Magic Wand and Grow
      5m 17s
    12. Refine, integrate, and complete
      6m 16s
  10. 53m 49s
    1. Your best face forward
      1m 0s
    2. Content-Aware Fill
      6m 11s
    3. Using the Spot Healing Brush
      5m 36s
    4. The more capable "standard" Healing Brush
      5m 55s
    5. Meet the Clone Source panel
      3m 53s
    6. Caps Lock and Fade
      4m 57s
    7. The Dodge and Burn tools
      5m 1s
    8. Adjusting color with the Brush tool
      6m 35s
    9. Smoothing skin textures
      5m 58s
    10. Brightening teeth
      4m 0s
    11. Intensifying eyes
      4m 43s
  11. 51s
    1. Goodbye
      51s

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