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Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals is a concise and focused introduction to the key features in Photoshop, presented by long-time lynda.com author and Adobe veteran Deke McClelland. This course covers the image editing process from the very beginning and progresses through the concepts and techniques that every photographer or graphic designer should know. Deke explains digital imaging fundamentals, such as resolution vs. size and the effects of downsampling. He explains how to use layers to edit an image nondestructively and organize those edits in an easy-to-read way, and introduces techniques such as cropping, adjusting brightness and contrast, correcting and changing color, and retouching and healing images. These lessons distill the vast assortment of tools and options to a refined set of skills that will get you working inside Photoshop with confidence.
In this movie, I'm going to show you a couple of tricks for rebuilding details in a straightened photo. I've saved the results of the previous movie, it's Perpendicular horizon.psd found inside the 06_Crop folder. We have three wedges in all. In the upper left-hand corner we're missing some sky, that's pretty easy to fix. Down left we're missing some grass, a little bit of shadow, this curb and then the toes, the toes are the tough part. And then in the down right corner, we're missing some of the heel and ankle.
That's going to take a little bit of work as well. So here's how we'll start. Go to the Lasso tool, click and hold on it and choose the Polygonal Lasso from the flyout menu. Then let's go ahead and zoom in here so that we can see where this wedge starts because it's very narrow at the beginning. The Polygonal Lasso tool allows you to create a selection outline by clicking the side corners. And so I'm going to start right about here out in the pasteboard in order to set my first point and then I'll click there. I don't want to go too far over, I don't want to go out into the good part of the sky.
I want to stay fairly tight to this wedge, and notice that I have a little bit of true sky border going on. And then I'll move upward and Photoshop will go ahead and auto-scroll the image until I get to the top here. I'll click about here in the pasteboard. And then over here in the pasteboard past the upper left corner, go ahead and move the cursor back down again, and I can either move my cursor over the very first point and click in order to complete the selection outline or I can double-click out here. Either way it is going to work out just fine.
All right, now I'll press Ctrl+0 or Command+0 on the Mac, to go ahead and fit the image to the screen. And I'll go out to the Edit menu and choose the Fill command. And that will bring up the Fill dialog box. Now by default, your Use option right here should be set to Content-Aware. And what that does is it invokes the Content-Aware Fill feature inside Photoshop, which causes Photoshop to look for pixels outside the selection that it can use to fill in the selected area. So if Use isn't set to Content-Aware, go ahead and choose it from the popup menu.
Your other option should be set to their defaults as you see on screen here. Then click OK in order to apply that change. And with any luck Photoshop is going to do a brilliant job of filling in that sky. If you want to check your work, go ahead and zoom on in, and then you can hide that selection outline temporarily by pressing Ctrl+H or Command+H on a Mac, and that looks great. And you can see that this was no easy chore even though the sky looks fairly uniform, it's actually a gradient going from dark blue down to light blue.
All right, now I'm going to press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac in order to deselect the image. Let's try the same thing down here near the bottom of the image. I'm going to click right about here below the image, then up into the image like so. And then I'll move along, click right about there, click out inside the pasteboard again, come back, double- click at some point in order to complete that selection outline. All right, now, I'm going to press Ctrl+H or Command+H upfront to hide that selection. That area though is still selected, so I have not deselected the image.
Now let's go back to the Edit menu and choose the Fill command again. In order to bring up the Fill dialog box the same option should still be in place. So go ahead and click OK in order to apply Content-Aware Fill. And I have to say it looks pretty darn good, the grass is in good shape, the shadow is okay. We can see some obvious repetition here in the curb, I could deal with that later if I want to. The toes, not so good. Photoshop is not capable of inventing anatomical details out of thin air.
So we're just going to have to suffer with that. All right, now, I'll press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac to deselect the image. We could try the same thing behind the heel, but we don't stand a chance in making that work. So let's try another approach. I'll press Ctrl+0 again, Command+0 on the Mac. I'm going to press the M key to switch back to my Rectangular Marquee tool. That's just a habit I get in because then I see a cross shape cursor which is less distracting than say a Jagged Lasso. All right, now, I'll go up to the Edit menu, choose the Transform command and then choose Distort.
And that allows me to apply what's known as a 4-point distortion, so that I can move the corner handles away from each other. I'm going to drag this bottom right-handle like so, just outward. And I'll press the Shift key as I do to constrain the angle of my drag to exactly horizontal. And once I get it to about 1.3 degrees, that looks pretty good, and you can see that heads up display just up into the right of my cursor. I'll go ahead and release the Mouse button and the Shift key, and then to apply the distortion, I'll press the Enter key or the Return key on a Mac.
Just a little more work to be done here. We've got that bad toe action. So let's go ahead and zoom in on it. And I'll switch back to my Crop tool. And I'll go ahead and drag upward like so just a little bit until I crop away those bad toes. And I'll drag this corner handle out a little bit because, and I now have a little extra heel to work with here. If you have problems with the handles snapping into place then you can go up to the View menu and turn off the Snap command. But everything seems to be working out fine for me.
A couple or more tricks you might want to be aware of. If the crop boundary is interfering with your view of the image, you can press Ctrl+H or Command+H on the Mac in order to hide it. But you still have the option of dragging the crop boundary up and down, so you can still modify it to your heart's content even though you can't see it. Here is another option that's available to you. If you want to hide the cropped portion of the image, you just press the H key, and notice how that little bit of image disappears. To bring it back, press the H key again, and obviously to re-display the crop boundary you press Ctrl+H or Command+H on the Mac.
All right, this is looking great to me, so I'll press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac in order to apply that crop, and then I'll press the M key in order to switch back to the Rectangular Marquee tool. And I'll press Ctrl+0 or Command+0 on the Mac to zoom out from the image. So just to give you a sense of what we were able to accomplish, I'll go up to the File menu and choose the Revert command or I can press the F12 key, which is a keyboard shortcut, and that will take me back to my old wedges. So this is the straightened version of the image with the missing details.
And then, because I can undo the revert here in Photoshop, I'll press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac to reinstate the filled-in details that I created using Content-Aware Fill and the Transform Distort function here inside Photoshop.
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