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Photo Restoration with Photoshop

Extracting areas using masks


From:

Photo Restoration with Photoshop

with Janine Smith

Video: Extracting areas using masks

A lot of people tend to be intimidated by masks, but once you learn how to use them, you'll more than likely begin to love them. Whether you want to replace a background or add something new into an image, masking is something you need to know how to do to get the results you need. In this image of a cowboy the sky is completely faded to white. I'd like to put in some clouds to add more character. Begin by duplicating your image, with Ctrl+J or Command+J on a Mac. And then before we get into making the actual mask, I want to go over something that may be an issue in a lot of these old images that have the skies that have gone to white and light colors of the foreground image.
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  1. 1m 33s
    1. Welcome
      48s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      13s
    3. Using the exercise files
      32s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Customizing your workspace
      2m 17s
    2. Using layers
      1m 58s
    3. Assessing the damage
      1m 52s
    4. Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
      3m 47s
    5. Using a Black & White adjustment layer
      1m 57s
    6. Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools
      4m 56s
  3. 27m 30s
    1. Fixing a faded black-and-white photo
      2m 20s
    2. Removing small splits, specks, and spots
      3m 44s
    3. Repairing red-eye
      4m 58s
    4. Reducing paper texture
      4m 34s
    5. Reducing dot patterns in printed photos
      3m 51s
    6. Fixing lens distortion
      4m 19s
    7. Straightening a crooked image
      3m 44s
  4. 24m 16s
    1. Fixing large rips, tears, and other damage
      3m 9s
    2. Removing long scratches
      3m 24s
    3. Fixing creases
      5m 8s
    4. Stitching large photos using Photomerge
      3m 17s
    5. Reassembling torn photos
      4m 56s
    6. Replacing missing pieces
      4m 22s
  5. 27m 55s
    1. Removing stains
      3m 48s
    2. Removing ink marks
      2m 34s
    3. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a black-and-white photo
      2m 14s
    4. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a color photo
      6m 1s
    5. Fixing mold damage
      5m 20s
    6. Reducing starburst light glare
      5m 11s
    7. Reducing eyeglass light glare
      2m 47s
  6. 21m 32s
    1. Understanding the basics of levels
      2m 50s
    2. Understanding the basics of curves
      3m 29s
    3. Finding the black, white, and gray points in an image
      3m 28s
    4. Adjusting color levels by channel
      1m 58s
    5. Making selective contrast adjustments
      4m 48s
    6. Adjusting image shadows and highlights
      4m 59s
  7. 18m 13s
    1. Adjusting color with the Photo Filter adjustment
      2m 23s
    2. Correcting color casts using inverse color correction
      3m 2s
    3. Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment
      3m 19s
    4. Correcting color casts using the Variations command
      3m 55s
    5. Correcting color by combining levels and curves
      1m 44s
    6. Improving color by adjusting the hue and saturation
      3m 50s
  8. 33m 14s
    1. Removing distracting elements
      5m 35s
    2. Repairing and recreating backgrounds
      7m 43s
    3. Extracting areas using masks
      5m 5s
    4. Matching colors in elements you add
      4m 11s
    5. Matching textures
      4m 45s
    6. Replacing facial features and missing body parts
      5m 55s
  9. 29m 59s
    1. Converting to black and white
      4m 48s
    2. Enhancing faded color
      3m 30s
    3. Smoothing a subject's skin
      4m 2s
    4. Enhancing black-and-white photos with duotone
      2m 34s
    5. Enhancing the eyes
      4m 10s
    6. Bringing out facial features with light
      5m 22s
    7. Sharpening
      5m 33s
  10. 32m 32s
    1. Assessing the damage
      1m 26s
    2. Repairing the crack
      1m 52s
    3. Replacing the missing body parts
      3m 5s
    4. Removing the specks, spots, and scratches
      3m 7s
    5. Fixing the missing corner
      1m 14s
    6. Lightening the stains
      5m 22s
    7. Restoring the faded tone in the face
      3m 8s
    8. Balancing the tone in the image
      1m 58s
    9. Evening the color with a Black & White adjustment layer
      49s
    10. Cleaning up the image
      2m 24s
    11. Adding definition to the face
      2m 20s
    12. Softening the image
      58s
    13. Sharpening the image
      2m 4s
    14. Bringing back some of the original tone
      1m 34s
    15. Comparing the image before and after
      1m 11s
  11. 24s
    1. Final thoughts
      24s

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Photo Restoration with Photoshop
3h 53m Intermediate Oct 13, 2011

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this course, professional photo restorer Janine Smith describes how to use Photoshop to restore, retouch, and enhance old or damaged photos. It covers evaluating scanned images for imperfections, using the Clone Stamp tool and other Photoshop tools, and addressing common problems and their fixes, starting with the basics (fading, spots, and paper texture) and continuing with more complex challenges (rips, adhesive tape, ink marks, mold, and more). Also included are methods for fixing exposure problems and colorcast as well as advanced techniques in photo restoration, such as replacing backgrounds and recreating missing facial features and body parts. The course includes a project that takes an image from damaged start to restored finish.

Topics include:
  • Assessing the damage
  • Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
  • Removing small splits, specks, and spots
  • Repairing red eye
  • Reassembling torn photos
  • Removing stains
  • Fixing mold damage
  • Understanding the basics of levels and curves
  • Correcting color problems
  • Repairing and recreating backgrounds
  • Sharpening a photo
  • Comparing before and after images
Subjects:
Photography Restoration
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Janine Smith

Extracting areas using masks

A lot of people tend to be intimidated by masks, but once you learn how to use them, you'll more than likely begin to love them. Whether you want to replace a background or add something new into an image, masking is something you need to know how to do to get the results you need. In this image of a cowboy the sky is completely faded to white. I'd like to put in some clouds to add more character. Begin by duplicating your image, with Ctrl+J or Command+J on a Mac. And then before we get into making the actual mask, I want to go over something that may be an issue in a lot of these old images that have the skies that have gone to white and light colors of the foreground image.

Let's move in a little closer with Ctrl+Plus or Command+Plus. You can see these areas of the sleeves right here on the horse's rump and a couple other places. It's pretty much the same color as the background, and that's going to get in the way of making our mask. So what we can do in that instance is we're going to make a little bit of a throwaway layer to help us. We'll go first to the Create a new fill or adjustment layer at the bottom of the Layers panel, and we'll go to Curves. And we're going to bring the Histogram down to the lower right-hand corner.

So this is a throwaway, so it doesn't matter if it's ghastly or not. Now we're going to invert the mask, Ctrl+I or Command+I, and we're just going to go over, with our Brush tool, some of the areas that are very much like the color of the background, just the lighter areas here. That's not really a part of it. There. Get his sleeve and this one. And his hat's very faint.

This could help you avoid a lot of extra work later, just doing this right now. This is a little far out, so if it is into the background, you can just whittle away at it by inverting your foreground color to black and brushing it out. So now we're going to combine all our layers: Shift+Ctrl+Alt+E on a PC, Shift+Command+Option+E on a Mac. Then we can go ahead and throw our Curves layer out, and let's zoom out here.

And go over to your Magic Wand tool and just click. You can see this is obviously really messy because we had a lot of specks and spots and variation. So you can clean it up with your Quick Selection tool, adjust your brush size, if you like, with your open and close bracket keys, and just paint in those areas. It followed it pretty well here, but it didn't quite get this sleeve in here.

I must've left something a little light, that the marching ants got through. And I also see a little area over here I missed. That happens. Just hold your Alt key down and grab those areas, this little tree right here and his sleeve. And you can always of course adjust on the mask itself. But you get the idea here. Then we'll go down to the bottom of our Layers panel and add a layer mask.

Now, if we take our background visibility away, you can see that the mask is the wrong direction. It's showing the sky, and the foreground is gone, and we want it to be the opposite. So with your mask selected, use Ctrl+I or Command+I to invert. Now it's all ready to drop the sky in, which we'll do with this image. Once you have your sky image up, Ctrl+A or Command+A to select your whole image, then Ctrl+C or Command+C to copy.

Now go back to your original image, make sure your mask is selected, and hold down your Ctrl or Command key and click on it--and that selected this part. We want to select the other part: Select > Inverse. Now let's go up to Edit > Paste Special > Paste Into, and there's our sky. Now we still have this black line around here. We want to get rid of that. We have to bring the visibility back with our dropper and then just take this one and you can throw it away now. That's our throwaway layer.

In our next video we're going to learn how to incorporate a new sky in with an old picture. Masking is a great way to remove unwanted space from an image in most cases. It's a skill you should learn and master if you're going to do any kind of photo editing at all, including the editing you'll need to do in digital photo restoration.

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