Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Extracting areas using masks

From: Photo Restoration with Photoshop

Video: Extracting areas using masks

A lot of people tend to be intimidated by masks, but once you learn how to use them, you'll more than likely begin to love them. Whether you want to replace a background or add something new into an image, masking is something you need to know how to do to get the results you need. In this image of a cowboy the sky is completely faded to white. I'd like to put in some clouds to add more character. Begin by duplicating your image, with Ctrl+J or Command+J on a Mac. And then before we get into making the actual mask, I want to go over something that may be an issue in a lot of these old images that have the skies that have gone to white and light colors of the foreground image.

Extracting areas using masks

A lot of people tend to be intimidated by masks, but once you learn how to use them, you'll more than likely begin to love them. Whether you want to replace a background or add something new into an image, masking is something you need to know how to do to get the results you need. In this image of a cowboy the sky is completely faded to white. I'd like to put in some clouds to add more character. Begin by duplicating your image, with Ctrl+J or Command+J on a Mac. And then before we get into making the actual mask, I want to go over something that may be an issue in a lot of these old images that have the skies that have gone to white and light colors of the foreground image.

Let's move in a little closer with Ctrl+Plus or Command+Plus. You can see these areas of the sleeves right here on the horse's rump and a couple other places. It's pretty much the same color as the background, and that's going to get in the way of making our mask. So what we can do in that instance is we're going to make a little bit of a throwaway layer to help us. We'll go first to the Create a new fill or adjustment layer at the bottom of the Layers panel, and we'll go to Curves. And we're going to bring the Histogram down to the lower right-hand corner.

So this is a throwaway, so it doesn't matter if it's ghastly or not. Now we're going to invert the mask, Ctrl+I or Command+I, and we're just going to go over, with our Brush tool, some of the areas that are very much like the color of the background, just the lighter areas here. That's not really a part of it. There. Get his sleeve and this one. And his hat's very faint.

This could help you avoid a lot of extra work later, just doing this right now. This is a little far out, so if it is into the background, you can just whittle away at it by inverting your foreground color to black and brushing it out. So now we're going to combine all our layers: Shift+Ctrl+Alt+E on a PC, Shift+Command+Option+E on a Mac. Then we can go ahead and throw our Curves layer out, and let's zoom out here.

And go over to your Magic Wand tool and just click. You can see this is obviously really messy because we had a lot of specks and spots and variation. So you can clean it up with your Quick Selection tool, adjust your brush size, if you like, with your open and close bracket keys, and just paint in those areas. It followed it pretty well here, but it didn't quite get this sleeve in here.

I must've left something a little light, that the marching ants got through. And I also see a little area over here I missed. That happens. Just hold your Alt key down and grab those areas, this little tree right here and his sleeve. And you can always of course adjust on the mask itself. But you get the idea here. Then we'll go down to the bottom of our Layers panel and add a layer mask.

Now, if we take our background visibility away, you can see that the mask is the wrong direction. It's showing the sky, and the foreground is gone, and we want it to be the opposite. So with your mask selected, use Ctrl+I or Command+I to invert. Now it's all ready to drop the sky in, which we'll do with this image. Once you have your sky image up, Ctrl+A or Command+A to select your whole image, then Ctrl+C or Command+C to copy.

Now go back to your original image, make sure your mask is selected, and hold down your Ctrl or Command key and click on it--and that selected this part. We want to select the other part: Select > Inverse. Now let's go up to Edit > Paste Special > Paste Into, and there's our sky. Now we still have this black line around here. We want to get rid of that. We have to bring the visibility back with our dropper and then just take this one and you can throw it away now. That's our throwaway layer.

In our next video we're going to learn how to incorporate a new sky in with an old picture. Masking is a great way to remove unwanted space from an image in most cases. It's a skill you should learn and master if you're going to do any kind of photo editing at all, including the editing you'll need to do in digital photo restoration.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photo Restoration with Photoshop
Photo Restoration with Photoshop

70 video lessons · 15930 viewers

Janine Smith
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 33s
    1. Welcome
      48s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      13s
    3. Using the exercise files
      32s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Customizing your workspace
      2m 17s
    2. Using layers
      1m 58s
    3. Assessing the damage
      1m 52s
    4. Rebuilding color channels in a grayscale image
      3m 47s
    5. Using a Black & White adjustment layer
      1m 57s
    6. Using the Clone Stamp, Healing Brush, and Patch tools
      4m 56s
  3. 27m 30s
    1. Fixing a faded black-and-white photo
      2m 20s
    2. Removing small splits, specks, and spots
      3m 44s
    3. Repairing red-eye
      4m 58s
    4. Reducing paper texture
      4m 34s
    5. Reducing dot patterns in printed photos
      3m 51s
    6. Fixing lens distortion
      4m 19s
    7. Straightening a crooked image
      3m 44s
  4. 24m 16s
    1. Fixing large rips, tears, and other damage
      3m 9s
    2. Removing long scratches
      3m 24s
    3. Fixing creases
      5m 8s
    4. Stitching large photos using Photomerge
      3m 17s
    5. Reassembling torn photos
      4m 56s
    6. Replacing missing pieces
      4m 22s
  5. 27m 55s
    1. Removing stains
      3m 48s
    2. Removing ink marks
      2m 34s
    3. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a black-and-white photo
      2m 14s
    4. Repairing adhesive tape damage on a color photo
      6m 1s
    5. Fixing mold damage
      5m 20s
    6. Reducing starburst light glare
      5m 11s
    7. Reducing eyeglass light glare
      2m 47s
  6. 21m 32s
    1. Understanding the basics of levels
      2m 50s
    2. Understanding the basics of curves
      3m 29s
    3. Finding the black, white, and gray points in an image
      3m 28s
    4. Adjusting color levels by channel
      1m 58s
    5. Making selective contrast adjustments
      4m 48s
    6. Adjusting image shadows and highlights
      4m 59s
  7. 18m 13s
    1. Adjusting color with the Photo Filter adjustment
      2m 23s
    2. Correcting color casts using inverse color correction
      3m 2s
    3. Correcting color problems using the Color Balance adjustment
      3m 19s
    4. Correcting color casts using the Variations command
      3m 55s
    5. Correcting color by combining levels and curves
      1m 44s
    6. Improving color by adjusting the hue and saturation
      3m 50s
  8. 33m 14s
    1. Removing distracting elements
      5m 35s
    2. Repairing and recreating backgrounds
      7m 43s
    3. Extracting areas using masks
      5m 5s
    4. Matching colors in elements you add
      4m 11s
    5. Matching textures
      4m 45s
    6. Replacing facial features and missing body parts
      5m 55s
  9. 29m 59s
    1. Converting to black and white
      4m 48s
    2. Enhancing faded color
      3m 30s
    3. Smoothing a subject's skin
      4m 2s
    4. Enhancing black-and-white photos with duotone
      2m 34s
    5. Enhancing the eyes
      4m 10s
    6. Bringing out facial features with light
      5m 22s
    7. Sharpening
      5m 33s
  10. 32m 32s
    1. Assessing the damage
      1m 26s
    2. Repairing the crack
      1m 52s
    3. Replacing the missing body parts
      3m 5s
    4. Removing the specks, spots, and scratches
      3m 7s
    5. Fixing the missing corner
      1m 14s
    6. Lightening the stains
      5m 22s
    7. Restoring the faded tone in the face
      3m 8s
    8. Balancing the tone in the image
      1m 58s
    9. Evening the color with a Black & White adjustment layer
      49s
    10. Cleaning up the image
      2m 24s
    11. Adding definition to the face
      2m 20s
    12. Softening the image
      58s
    13. Sharpening the image
      2m 4s
    14. Bringing back some of the original tone
      1m 34s
    15. Comparing the image before and after
      1m 11s
  11. 24s
    1. Final thoughts
      24s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ .

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Photo Restoration with Photoshop.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member ?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferences from the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.