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Now that you've been introduced to this burning-and-dodging technique, I want to take a look at how we can use this technique on two different images, and I want to do that in order to share with you a few workflow tips and techniques and shortcuts that can help make this whole process even more efficient and effective. Well, with this photograph here--I'll zoom in on it a little bit--and what I want to do with this picture is I want to brighten up a large area of the picture. I want to brighten up her face here. So let's create a new layer. Let's change the blending mode to Soft Light, and let's do that all by way of a shortcut. Press Shift+Command+N on a Mac or Shift+Ctrl+N on Windows. This gives us the ability to create this new layer. With this new layer, we'll go ahead and name this dodge and we can also choose our blending mode here from the pulldown menu. Now if we select the blending mode here, when we create this layer it will automatically have this Soft Light blending mode applied to it. Click OK and you can see what I mean over here in the Layers panel. The next step is to press the B key to select our Brush tool. Then we'll hold down Option on a Mac, Alt on Windows, and we'll click on a bright skin tone. Herewe want to change our opacity for our brush. So rather than going up to the options bar, we'll just press the 4 on the keyboard to go to a 40% opaque brush here. Then we'll press the Right Bracket key to make our brush a little bit bigger. It's Shift+Bracket which allows you to soften the edge of your brush. So tap Shift+Left Bracket a few times in order to do that, and then let's just go ahead and paint over this part of the image. And in doing this, I'm going to paint back and forth over this. I'm going to make some pretty big brushstrokes here across this area of the photograph, and in doing that, the image is looking a little bit brighter, but the color is just way off. Well, we'll fix that in a second. Let's go ahead and decrease the brush size so we can paint into this area a bit more. If you need to brighten any areas more, click on that color chip and then brighten up that value there even more so you can then bring out some more of those shadows.
Okay, well we've definitely brought more light here to this part of the image--here's our before; now here's our after--except I don't like the color. Now you can change the color after the fact with a great shortcut. The shortcut is Command+U on a Mac, Ctrl+U on Windows. And here for a moment I'm going to exaggerate something so you can see what we can do here. I'm going to take up my saturation and change the hue. Now I know that the hue here doesn't look good, but I'm exaggerating this to show you how you can modify what you've just done after the fact. Okay, well I need to reset these sliders, so hold down Option or Alt and Cancel will turn to Reset. You can click on that to take those back to the default settings. Well, here I'm going to go ahead and decrease my saturation. I can also change the hue. By changing the hue, I am modifying the color of that so it fits the overall color palette of this image a little bit better. Next, we can control the overall lightness of this layer as well, and doing that you can see how I can change how much this is affecting this part of the picture. If I want to have a larger effect, well, I'll just click and drag my Lightness slider a little bit more over to the right and then click OK. Well, now that I've modified this, I kind of have the best of both worlds, right? I was able to start off with the pretty decent adjustment, but then I made it even better by using that shortcut Command+U or Ctrl+U to access Hue/Saturation, in order to modify this dodge layer. All right, let's take a look at one more photograph, so here I'll go ahead and open that picture. And with this photograph what I want to do is I want to brighten part of the shadows around the eyes. So let's zoom in on this picture, press the Z key to select the Zoom tool, and I'll go ahead and click to zoom in a little bit on this picture. Next, I'm going to create a new layer. This time I'm going to create a new layer by another shortcut. You know, sometimes if you want to work really quickly, you'll use this shortcut. It's Shift+Option+Command+N on a Mac, Shift+Alt+Ctrl+N on Windows. This creates a new layer without opening up that Layer dialog. It's just automatically there.
Again, Shift+Option+Command+N or Shift+Alt+Ctrl+N does that for you. Yet now that I have this new layer, I need to change the blending mode, and if we want to be advanced with all of this, we can change this blending mode by way of a shortcut. The shortcut allows us to choose different blending modes from this pulldown menu without having to use the menu. Here's how it works. You need to have the Move tool selected, so first press of the V key. Next, press Shift+Option+F on a Mac or Shift+Alt+F on Windows. And again, you'll only use these shortcuts if you really want to be a power user, if you want to take your burning and dodging kind of to that next level. If you forget the shortcuts, you can always click on the menu and just make the selection that way as well. Well, now that we have that, I'll select my brush here by pressing the B key or by clicking on it in the Tools panel, move the brush over the image, Option+Click or Alt+Click on a nice and bright tone, and then let's lower the opacity even more. Here I'll press 2, 5 on the keyboard, to go to 25% opacity. Next I'm just going to start to paint over some of the shadows. I'm looking to just decrease the shadows in this area surrounding the eye. It's going to be pretty subtle, but I just want to make this a little but more of a flattering portrait, so I'll paint over those. Press the Right Bracket key to make my brush a bit bigger, to make some broader adjustments now that I've worked on some of those small details. And then I'll just diminish a few other shadows while I'm at it, and so I'll hit those here with this same approach. Well, now that we've done all that, let's on our Eye icon. There's our before; now here is our after. Once again, just to reiterate the shortcut so you know these, we can open up Hue/Saturation and modify this by pressing Command+U on a Mac or Ctrl+U on Windows. Here we may want to use the Lightness slider in order to brighten that area or to darken it. You can see that we can really control that in some pretty strong ways. In this case, I'll brighten it up a little bit more. Next, we can also dial in an appropriate saturation level and the color that fits our photograph, and in doing that, we now have this really subtle adjustment. So as you can see here with this technique, you can use it for specific parts of your photograph. You can also use it for bigger areas. This really opens up a whole new way of thinking about how you can brighten or darken, or how you can burn or dodge your photographs in order to improve your portraits.
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