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Photoshop is one of the world’s most powerful image editors, and it can be daunting to try to use skillfully. Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Advanced, the second part of the popular and comprehensive series, follows internationally renowned Photoshop guru Deke McClelland as he dives into the workings of Photoshop. He explores such digital-age wonders as the Levels and Curves commands, edge-detection filters, advanced compositing techniques, vector-based text, the Liquify filter, and Camera Raw. Deke also teaches tried-and-true methods for sharpening details, smoothing over wrinkles and imperfections, and enhancing colors without harming the original image. Exercise files accompany the course.
Recommended prerequisite: Photoshop CS4 One-on-One: Fundamentals.
Download Deke's customized keyboard layouts and color settings for Photoshop from the Exercise Files tab.
I'm still working inside of the document called TV movie ad.psd. I've gone ahead and added some point type to the document that spells out the words CHIEF EXECUTIVE NEPHEW. I want to take the word NEPHEW and make it every bit as wide as CHIEF EXECUTIVE. I'm going to do that using a combination of Type Size and Leading. But I don't have to work that way. There is a variety of different ways to make one line of type match another line of type, and we'll investigate those on our merry way through this exercise.
I'm going to go ahead and actually move these palettes up a little bit so that I'm not constantly hiding the words CHIEF EXECUTIVE. I'll bring back up the Character palette. Let's say that I want to select the entire line NEPHEW. Now, what you can do with the Type tool is you can Click inside of some editable type, as I've done here, in order to add the blinking insertion marker, or you can Double-Click to select an entire word; this is pretty standard stuff, but it works inside of Photoshop, just as it does inside other Adobe applications.
To select an entire line of type, you Triple-Click, so one, two, three. You don't have to Click super quickly, you can Click fairly leisurely, and on that third Click you'll get the entire line. So to select the entire line NEPHEW right here, you can either Double- Click on the word or Triple-Click it; I'm just going to go ahead and Triple-Click to make sure I get the entire thing, so one, two, three to get the entire word NEPHEW. Few different ways to work. I could increase the Tracking that's associated with this text. This value right there is the Tracking value, as you can see if I hover over it. Tracking determines the amount of space between independent letters of type. So if I were to change this value to something like 50, let's say, you can see that those letters spread apart.
Then with this value still active, I could press Shift+Up Arrow in order to increase the value in increments of 100 as you can see. If I were to just press the Up Arrow key, then I would increase the value in increments of 20. When you're working with type, Shift usually increases whatever modification you're making by five times as much. So we go from 20 to 100 in this case. Anyway, I'll press Shift+Up Arrow to raise that tracking value to 930. You could see that goes ahead and spreads my type far enough apart. Of course, I don't want that, so I'm going to restore that value to 0.
Another way I could work is I could increase the Horizontal Scale value to something like, let's try, 200%. That's going to stretch that type. Now, that can be a useful technique to increase the Horizontal Scale value, but I wouldn't go this far with it ever, because it ends up stretching the letters unnaturally. So it becomes obvious that you stretched the letters as opposed to you using Expanded Font style, for example, so that the stems become unnaturally wide when compared with the horizontal bars.
So if you do decide to modify either the Vertical Scale or the Horizontal Scale, I would take it easy. I wouldn't go too much farther than 120% on the positive side or any lower than say about 80%. Anyway, I'm going to leave it set to 100%. I also wanted to show you Baseline Shift. Baseline Shift will take whatever number of characters you have selected, and either raise it or lower it with respect to the baseline, which is the imaginary horizontal line upon which the letters rest. So for example, if I grab the letters PH right there, and I increased the Baseline Shift value, this guy right there, then I would raise the letters with respect to the baseline, or I could take the letters down. Why would you want to do such a thing? For superscripts or subscripts that you want to have absolute control over their positioning.
Anyway, I don't want to do any of that junk, so you know what, I'm just going to press the Enter key to accept that Baseline Shift value. Then I'll press the Escape key, because what I want you to see is that pressing Escape goes ahead and abandon any changes made during this little text editing session. I didn't lose all of my modifications. In other words, I didn't lose this entire text layer, because it had been established in a previous text editing session. Escape only abandons the changes you've made in this session. I just want you to see that. Well, here's what I really want to do. I'm going to Triple-Click on the word NEPHEW there, in order to make it active. I'm going to change the Type Size value to 67, like so, which works nicely for Caslon.
Now, if you're working with Times New Roman, then you're going to want a higher value in order to match the width, and what you do is you just go ahead and Enter something like 67 and then press the Up Arrow key in order to increase that Type Size farther until you see it match the width of the text above it. Anyway, I'm going to take it down by pressing the Down Arrow key down to 67 points. There's other ways to work by the way. I'll introduce you to some more keyboard shortcuts that allow you to change things like Size and Leading and so forth in a future exercise. But for now, this is the way I want you to work.
This next value right here is Leading, which controls the amount of space between an active line of type and the line above it. So in another application it might be called Line Spacing. Photoshop and other Adobe applications call it Leading, and that's L-E-A-D-I-N-G, after the traditional hot metal technique of inserting actual rows of lead between lines of type in order to space the lines away from each other. By default, the Leading value is set to Auto, which is 120% of the Type Size.
So whatever 67 times 1.2 is, that's the Leading that we have in force right now. I want you to press the Tab key to advance to that Leading value or you could just go ahead and Click on this A above A icon right there. Then change that Leading value to 55. That's going to work very nicely for you. Should work even if you're working with Times New Roman, because it's the amount of the space between the lines of type as opposed to how big the letters are. But if you need to adjust it, you can move the lines closer to each other by pressing the Down Arrow key. So notice that's going to move the letters up, even though you're pressing Down Arrow, because you're moving the lines closer altogether. If you want to move them farther apart, you'd press the Up Arrow key, which is going to move the text down.
So 67/55, if somebody was just scrolling down, how they want you to set the type. That is going to work beautifully for Adobe Caslon Pro, Bold text, as we see it here. Then we're going to accept that modification by pressing the Enter key on the numeric keypad. I'm going to have to press it a couple of times, because that first pressing of Enter just went ahead and accepted the Leading value. I'll have to press Enter again in order to accept your modifications, and there we have it, CHIEF EXECUTIVE big NEPHEW. In the next exercise we're going to discuss the art of editing vector-based text. You'll love it.
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