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Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals
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Duplicating a selected portion of a layer


From:

Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals

with Deke McClelland

Video: Duplicating a selected portion of a layer

In this movie, I'll show you how to select a portion of a layer and duplicate it to a new layer to create a picture frame effect. We're going to base the frame on the paperback layer. So I'll go ahead and select it. And now we need to load the exact perimeter of this layer as the selection outline. And you can do that in one of two ways. The first way is to go the Select menu and choose the Load Selection command. And then you can pretty much ignore everything inside this dialog box because it's already set correctly by default. The document is our current document.
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  1. 19m 15s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      2m 27s
    2. Opening from the Windows desktop
      4m 7s
    3. Opening from the Macintosh Finder
      4m 9s
    4. Opening from Photoshop or Bridge
      2m 45s
    5. Opening an image from Mini Bridge
      1m 16s
    6. Opening through Camera Raw
      2m 32s
    7. Closing one image and Closing All
      1m 59s
  2. 38m 14s
    1. Navigating your image
      40s
    2. The dark vs. the light interface
      3m 12s
    3. Navigating tabs and windows
      4m 32s
    4. Panels and workspaces
      4m 27s
    5. Zooming incrementally
      4m 29s
    6. Zooming continuously
      2m 43s
    7. Entering a custom zoom value
      2m 25s
    8. Scrolling and panning images
      2m 31s
    9. Rotating and resetting the view
      2m 11s
    10. Cycling between screen modes
      3m 10s
    11. Using the Navigator panel
      3m 38s
    12. Adjusting a few screen prefs
      4m 16s
  3. 45m 58s
    1. Digital imaging fundamentals
      1m 45s
    2. Image size and resolution
      3m 3s
    3. The Image Size command
      3m 27s
    4. Common resolution standards
      3m 20s
    5. Upsampling vs. real pixels
      4m 36s
    6. Changing the print size
      6m 16s
    7. Downsampling for print
      4m 12s
    8. Downsampling for email
      3m 11s
    9. The interpolation settings
      5m 22s
    10. Downsampling advice
      4m 36s
    11. Upsampling advice
      6m 10s
  4. 53m 17s
    1. The layered composition
      1m 40s
    2. Introducing the Layers panel
      4m 12s
    3. Adding, scaling, and aligning layers
      5m 27s
    4. Dragging and dropping layers
      4m 36s
    5. Stack, reveal, and rename
      2m 58s
    6. Opacity, history, and blend mode
      6m 5s
    7. Duplicating a selected portion of a layer
      5m 32s
    8. Applying a clipping mask
      3m 58s
    9. Blending inside a clipping mask
      4m 10s
    10. Finishing off your artwork
      3m 13s
    11. Creating a new layer and background
      4m 24s
    12. Layering tips and tricks
      7m 2s
  5. 26m 19s
    1. The art of saving
      54s
    2. Four things to know about saving
      6m 0s
    3. Saving layers to PSD
      6m 38s
    4. Saving print images to TIFF
      4m 48s
    5. Saving an interactive image to PNG
      3m 41s
    6. Saving a flat photo to JPEG
      4m 18s
  6. 19m 36s
    1. Honing in on your image
      1m 43s
    2. The new and improved Crop tool
      3m 35s
    3. Editing your last crop
      3m 1s
    4. Straightening a crooked image
      2m 29s
    5. Filling in missing details
      6m 44s
    6. Using the Perspective Crop tool
      2m 4s
  7. 42m 6s
    1. First, there is brightness
      2m 12s
    2. How luminance works
      4m 18s
    3. The three Auto commands
      3m 27s
    4. Automatic brightness and contrast
      3m 19s
    5. The Brightness/Contrast command
      2m 47s
    6. The dynamic adjustment layer
      4m 5s
    7. Editing adjustment layers
      3m 52s
    8. Isolating an adjustment with a layer mask
      3m 31s
    9. Introducing the histogram
      4m 58s
    10. Measuring an adjustment
      3m 34s
    11. Using the Shadows/Highlights command
      6m 3s
  8. 44m 33s
    1. And second, there is color
      1m 31s
    2. Identifying a color cast
      3m 34s
    3. Correcting a color cast automatically
      3m 57s
    4. Changing the color balance
      6m 10s
    5. Compensating with Photo Filter
      3m 11s
    6. Adjusting color intensity with Vibrance
      3m 29s
    7. Correcting color cast in Camera Raw
      5m 46s
    8. The Hue/Saturation command
      5m 26s
    9. Summoning colors where none exist
      4m 8s
    10. Making more color with Vibrance
      4m 27s
    11. Making a quick-and-dirty sepia tone
      2m 54s
  9. 55m 46s
    1. Making selective modifications
      1m 10s
    2. The geometric Marquee tools
      6m 1s
    3. Aligning one image element to another
      4m 59s
    4. The freeform Lasso tools
      3m 59s
    5. Polygonal Lasso tool and Quick Mask
      5m 19s
    6. Cropping one selection inside another
      6m 15s
    7. Creating rays of light
      4m 44s
    8. Quick Selection and Similar
      4m 11s
    9. Making it better with Refine Edge
      4m 56s
    10. Integrating image elements
      2m 39s
    11. Magic Wand and Grow
      5m 17s
    12. Refine, integrate, and complete
      6m 16s
  10. 53m 49s
    1. Your best face forward
      1m 0s
    2. Content-Aware Fill
      6m 11s
    3. Using the Spot Healing Brush
      5m 36s
    4. The more capable "standard" Healing Brush
      5m 55s
    5. Meet the Clone Source panel
      3m 53s
    6. Caps Lock and Fade
      4m 57s
    7. The Dodge and Burn tools
      5m 1s
    8. Adjusting color with the Brush tool
      6m 35s
    9. Smoothing skin textures
      5m 58s
    10. Brightening teeth
      4m 0s
    11. Intensifying eyes
      4m 43s
  11. 51s
    1. Goodbye
      51s

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Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals
6h 39m Beginner Apr 26, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals is a concise and focused introduction to the key features in Photoshop, presented by long-time lynda.com author and Adobe veteran Deke McClelland. This course covers the image editing process from the very beginning and progresses through the concepts and techniques that every photographer or graphic designer should know. Deke explains digital imaging fundamentals, such as resolution vs. size and the effects of downsampling. He explains how to use layers to edit an image nondestructively and organize those edits in an easy-to-read way, and introduces techniques such as cropping, adjusting brightness and contrast, correcting and changing color, and retouching and healing images. These lessons distill the vast assortment of tools and options to a refined set of skills that will get you working inside Photoshop with confidence.

Topics include:
  • Opening an image from Photoshop, Bridge, or Camera Raw
  • Navigating, zooming, panning, and rotating the canvas
  • Adding, deleting, and merging layers
  • Saving your progress and understanding file formats
  • Cropping and straightening
  • Adjusting brightness and contrast
  • Identifying and correcting a color cast
  • Making and editing selections
  • Enhancing portraits by retouching skin, teeth, and eyes
Subjects:
Design Photography
Software:
Photoshop
Author:
Deke McClelland

Duplicating a selected portion of a layer

In this movie, I'll show you how to select a portion of a layer and duplicate it to a new layer to create a picture frame effect. We're going to base the frame on the paperback layer. So I'll go ahead and select it. And now we need to load the exact perimeter of this layer as the selection outline. And you can do that in one of two ways. The first way is to go the Select menu and choose the Load Selection command. And then you can pretty much ignore everything inside this dialog box because it's already set correctly by default. The document is our current document.

The channel, which means the thing upon which we want to base the selection is set to our current layer paperback and its so called transparency mask. Now you don't need to worry about that too much, but the transparency mask is what distinguishes the transparent areas of the layer from the opaque portions of the layer, so the outside of the layer from the inside, if you will. But if you don't want to really pay attention to the settings, you can just click OK and you'll get exactly the selection you're looking for. So that's one way to work.

There's an even easier way if you're willing to memorize a keyboard trick. Let me show you what that looks like. I'll press Ctrl+D or Command+D on the Mac to deselect the image. Notice if I hover my cursor over the Layer thumbnail, it looks like a little hand with the pointing finger. If I press and hold the Ctrl key or the Command key on the Mac, then I get this little marquee next to the cursor. And that shows me that I'm about to load the layer as a Selection. So you just Ctrl+Click here on a PC, or Command+Click on that layer thumbnail and you get the selection outline, like so.

Now we're going to base the frame on this selection, but we've got to scoot the selection outline inward. And you do that by going up to the Select menu, choosing Modify and then choosing the Contract Command. But I'm going to enter a really big Contract value of 200 pixels and then click OK. And that goes ahead and scoots the selection outline in as you see here. So far I've selected the area inside this marquee. I really want to select the area outside because that's the part of the layer I can use to create the frame.

So in other words I need to reverse the selection and you do that by going up to the Select menu and choosing the Inverse command. And now this area toward the center of the image is deselected, and the area out here is selected. Now we need to duplicate the selected portion of the layer. If you go up to the Layer menu you'll notice that there's this command called Duplicate Layer. But if you choose it, it will duplicate the entire layer not just the selected region. Instead, what we need to do is to choose New, and then drag down to this strangely worded command, Layer Via Copy, which has a keyboard shortcut of Ctrl+J or Command+J on a Mac.

I recommend that you memorize that command because it's going to save you a lot of effort instead of having to go the submenu. And you can think of Ctrl+J as standing for jump. Anyways, as long as I'm here I'm just going to choose the command. And notice that did go ahead and jump the selection to a new layer. You can actually see the frame there in a layer thumbnail. However, the layer is called Layer 1. What if you want to jump the layer and give it a name at the same time? Well I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac to undo that jump.

You add the Alt or Option key to the keyboard shortcut. So you press Ctrl+Alt+J or Cmd+Option+J on the Mac, that not only evokes the jump, but it also brings up the New Layer dialog box. And I'll go ahead and call this New Layer frame and click OK. Now that we have the frame, I'll drag it above the swirls layer. The problem is we can't really see the frame because it matches the layer behind it, but we can offset the frame and give it a little bit of dimension using layer effects. So I'm going to drop down to this FX icon at the bottom of the Layers panel and click on it and then choose the bottom-most command, Drop Shadow.

And that goes ahead and turns on a slight drop shadow as you can see. So in other words, there is a shadow directly behind the frame. I also want a little bit of bevel and mmboss, so I'll turn on this Bevel & Emboss check box and we get a little bit of a highlight along the inside edge of the frame as well. Now these effects are too subtle, so fortunately, I can customize the settings. I'm going to start by clicking on Drop Shadow in the left-hand list and I'm going to increase the Opacity value to 100%, I'll tab to that Angle value and change it to 115 degrees.

I'll increase the Distance value to 25 pixels which I'm doing by pressing Shift+Up arrow twice in a row. Then I'll press Tab twice to advance to the Size value, press Shift+up arrow three times to take that value to 35 pixels. Now for the Bevel & Emboss effect, I'll click on the Bevel & Emboss on the left-hand list, then I'll change the Size value to 10 pixels. I'll increase the Opacity of the Highlight to 100%, then I'll tab down to the Shadow Opacity value and take it down to 50%.

And finally, I'll change the Technique from Smooth to Chisel Hard, in order to create the effect you see here. Then I'll go ahead and click OK to close the Layer Style dialog box. Now of course, have faith, I will be devoting an entire chapter to layer effects in a future course. But for now, you have a sense for how you can jump a selected portion of a layer and build an entire effect on it to create a picture frame.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals.


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Q: Where can I learn more about graphic design?
A: Discover more on this topic by visiting graphic design on lynda.com.
Q: When I double click the welcome.psd file included with the exercise files, I get the following error message:

"Some text layers contain fonts that are missing. These layers will need to have the missing fonts replaced before they can be used for vector based output."

Unlike the TIF and JPEG files which display and open correctly, all the icons for PSD files are blank but other than the welcome.psd file, they seem to open correctly without the error message. Is this a problem that I should address (perhaps re-download the files or find the missing fonts)?
A: The TIFF and JPEG files are flat, so they don't contain fonts and the operating system can interpret them (and generate thumbnails) without help from Photoshop. The PSD files have two issues:

First, they may contain editable text complete with font info. The files are designed with fonts that ship with Photoshop, so you don't get error messages, but Adobe sells some versions of Photoshop without fonts. This may be your issue.

Second, the PSD files contain no flat previews. This makes for smaller files, but it means the operating system, Mac or Windows, cannot generate previews. That won't effect your experience in Photoshop, but it does mean you can't see the file until you open it.
 
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