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Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Advanced, the second part of the popular and comprehensive series, updated for CS5, follows internationally renowned Photoshop guru Deke McClelland as he dives into the workings of Photoshop. He explores such digital-age wonders as the Levels and Curves commands, edge-detection filters, advanced compositing techniques, vector-based text, the Liquify filter, and Camera Raw. Deke also teaches tried-and-true methods for sharpening details, smoothing over wrinkles and imperfections, and enhancing colors without harming the original image. Exercise files accompany the course.
Recommended prerequisite: Photoshop CS5 One-on-One: Fundamentals.
I've saved my progress as Nice neutral teeth.psd. In this exercise, we're going to set the lips against the black background, and we already have the information we need to do that because we already have this wonderful layer mask to work with right here. All we need to do is create a layer of black and set this current Background layer against it. So the first step is to float the lips by double-clicking on the Background layer here inside the Layers panel, and I'll go ahead and call this New layer lips, and then the next step is to create a new background layer.
This is such a pain in the neck in my opinion the way you have to go about creating a background layer inside of Photoshop. But step one is to just click on the new icon down here at the bottom of the Layers panel, because you don't need to name the darn thing. Then that gives you a layer because Photoshop needs the layer to make it a background layer, then you go up to the Layer menu, you choose New, and you choose Background From layer, and now you have a new background layer. Now, let's make that Background layer black. Black is currently my foreground color, so I'll press Alt+Backspace or Option+Delete, and now I have a black background. Excellent! So now we need to get rid of everything outside of the lips, and turn that area black, and we already have a selection around lips, and that's this layer mask right there.
Now, before we employ that layer mask right there, I want to show you one cool trick, really fast. Notice how this red edge possibly goes too far outside the mouth and in fact it doesn't. It's exactly where it wants to be. But let's say we look at this. We're not sure. We're just kind of looking in the image trying to figure it out. You think that red goes too far out. I want to tuck it in a little bit. This is a perfect use for this tool right there, the Smudge tool, and go ahead and switch to the Smudge tool; none of these tools has a keyboard shortcut incidentally.
But with this tool it's very suspect for adjusting continuous tone images because it just smudges details around, and it doesn't produce very credible results. It's great when you're working with a mask. So I've got its Strength value set to its default setting 50%, but I have a very large brush, as you can see right here; 500 pixels. So you can right-click with the tool to bring up this panel here, and increase the heck out of the Size value if you want to, leave that Hardness value at 0%. Now watch this. Make sure the layer mask is active as it is in my case, and then just a tiny little drag like so, and you just move that edge inward. And it's perfect! It does a brilliant job of moving that edge to a new location, and notice that we don't have any abrupt transitions elsewhere along lip.
So if I Alt+Click or Option+Click on this layer mask thumbnail, you can see what happen. This is before I applied that smear, and this is after I applied the smear. So I'm just pressing Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on the Mac for that before and after view. It does go ahead and smear the mask, and it's not a good look when we're seeing the mask by itself because we get this motion blur in this location, but it does also displace the mask over a little bit. And as a result, it creates a better effect when we come back to the RGB image. It turns out, however, that is unnecessary.
I just want you to see that that option is available to you. It is the kind of thing that you want to test. You want to make sure that everything is where it's supposed to be where your masks are concerned inside your image. I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+Z, Command+Z on a Mac, because that area does want to be red because it should be covered in lipstick because it's part of the lip. Anyway, I'm going to zoom back out. All right! So now I want to use this layer mask to mask the lips layer; why then I'm going to Alt+Drag or Option+Drag that layer mask from one layer to another. If you were to just drag and drop like so, you would just move the layer mask to a different layer; don't want that.
To clone it, you press the Alt or Option key as you drag. Notice you get that little double arrowhead cursor there that shows you you're about to create a duplicate, drop the mask in the place, and it's applied to both the lips, and that cherry red adjustment layer. Problem is of course where the lips are concerned, we want to keep the teeth. We don't want the inside of the mouth turning black, because that's really creepy, and it's not the effect I'm looking for at all. So I'll switch to this adjustment layer right there, make sure the adjustment layer thumbnail has the outline around it.
Then press the X key in order to make your foreground color white, because we need to paint white into the layer mask in order to reveal those teeth once again. Let's switch to the Brush tool, and I am using a hard brush, which is what I want so that I don't introduce any unnecessary softness or any blurriness into my mask. However, I probably want a higher Size value. So I'll go ahead and increase the diameter to let's say 100 pixels, and press the Enter key a couple of times, or Return key on a Mac to accept that modification.
That's not big enough. So I'll press the right-bracket key a few times in order to increase the size of that brush, and then I'll just paint in the teeth just like that; one brushstroke, bang! We're done. Okay. There's one more modification I want to apply. I'm going to switch back to the Rectangular Marquee, so that I get the cross shaped cursor, so I don't have that big brush onscreen. Now I know I've gone on and on, about how much time, and effort I spent trying to get every single lip edge with the Color Range command and maintain those lip edges and respect them, and the whole number inside of the Quick Mask mode, and that is the way I want you to work as well.
You need to be careful every step of the way, but you're going to come to a point potentially where you go, oh! Well, I spent all that time on those edges, now I don't like them. Now, I'd rather, the lips sort of blurred into view. Why then, great! Don't adjust the layer mask; that's not necessary; instead, we're going to apply a layer effect. So with the lips layer active here, go down to the fx icon, and choose Inner Glow. We'll explore layer effects in more detail in an upcoming chapter, because they are extremely powerful, but for now, just go ahead and choose the Inner Glow effect.
Glows don't have to be bright as it turns out; the two Glow options, Outer Glow and Inner Glow. They are just omni-directional, so that is the Outer Glow goes out continuously from the layer and Inner Glow goes in continuously, whereas both of the Shadow options are directional. So for starters here, I'm going to change the Opacity and Size values. I'm going to increase the Opacity value to 100%, and then I'll click in the Size value, and take it up to 35 pixels by pressing Shift+Up-arrow three times in a row, and that gives me this bright yellow glow, which I don't want at all.
I want it to be dark. So for starters, I'm going to change the Blend mode to Normal, because when you're using black or white, you don't need multiplying screen to help you out, and we're going to be using black. Now, if I clicked on the color swatch and changed it to white, then we would see a white edge, fine. I don't want that. I want black. So I'll change the color to black like so by dragging down to the bottom-left corner of the big color field. I'll click OK, and we now have Normal, Opacity at 100%, black and a size of 35 pixels, and that creates a bit of a shadow edge as we're seeing there.
I'll click OK in order to accept that modification, and we end up getting this final effect right here. I'll go ahead and fill the screen with the image by pressing Shift+F, like so. Let's go ahead and zoom in a little bit, scroll down as well, and that is the final version of the lips with this astonishingly red lips with these neutral teeth set against the black background. Thanks to a combination of Color Range Quick Mask, a layer mask, and a layer effect here inside Photoshop.
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