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The Dodge and Burn tools

From: Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals

Video: The Dodge and Burn tools

In this movie, I'll show you how to use the Dodge and Burn tools which allow you to paint in brightness and darkness respectively. Except for this contouring over here on the right-hand cheek, we've got two areas that I don't like, one is this little bit of brightness right there in the center, it makes it look like we have a lump or a divot or something, and then we've got this little bit of darkness on the right-hand side that makes the cheek look like it has uneven contour. So I am going to deselect the image there just by clicking.

The Dodge and Burn tools

In this movie, I'll show you how to use the Dodge and Burn tools which allow you to paint in brightness and darkness respectively. Except for this contouring over here on the right-hand cheek, we've got two areas that I don't like, one is this little bit of brightness right there in the center, it makes it look like we have a lump or a divot or something, and then we've got this little bit of darkness on the right-hand side that makes the cheek look like it has uneven contour. So I am going to deselect the image there just by clicking.

And the Dodge tool is by default the last tool in this second group of tools and notice that it has a keyboard shortcut of O. If you don't see the Dodge tool, click and hold on the tool, and select the first tool from the flyout menu, and then I will increase the size of my brush by pressing the right bracket key. Also right-click inside the image window so that you can see by default, the hardness is set to 0% which is exactly what we want. We want a nice soft brush. So I will press the Enter key to hide that pop-up panel, and then I'll just paint inside this region like so, and that gives me too much brightness.

And that's because the Exposure by default is set to 50%, which is generally too high. So I will press Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on the Mac to undo that change, and then I will press the 2 key to reduce the Exposure value to 20%, and now I will paint again which ends up giving me a better result. Now I'll paint-in another brushstroke right about there. I think I've gone too far, in which case you can fade the brushstroke by pressing Ctrl+Shift+F or Command+Shift+ F on the Mac to bring up the Fade dialog box and then I will try reducing that Opacity to 50%, looks good! So I will click OK.

Now let's address the regions that are too bright. I will go ahead and click and hold on the Dodge tool and choose the Burn tool from the flyout menu. And the way I remember the difference between these tools is burning makes things darker. For example, if you burn toast, it's going to be very dark, whereas, dodging is the other tool, so it makes things bright. Anyway I am going to switch to the Burn tool. Again it has an awfully high Exposure value, 50% by default. So I am going to press the 2 key to reduce that value to 20%. I will increase the size of my cursor a little bit, again by pressing the right bracket key, and I will click right about there.

And that maybe goes too far, so I will press Ctrl+Shift+F or Command+Shift+F on the Mac to bring up the Fade dialog box, change the Opacity to 50%, and press the Enter or Return key in order to apply that change. I will also go ahead and zoom in so I can better see what I am doing. It's that little area of brightness right there that I'd like to calm down, so I will click on it, that looks pretty good. And then I will increase the size of my brush, and click right about there on that area that's too bright. And again, I might have gone too far, so I will press Ctrl+Shift+F, Command+Shift+F on the Mac, and this time, I'll just press Shift+Down arrow a few times until I reduce that Opacity value to 70%, click OK in order to accept that change.

Let's try clicking right about there with the smaller brush. Again maybe that's too much, so I will press Ctrl+Shift+F or Command+Shift+F on the Mac, take the Opacity down to 50% and press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac in order to make that change. All right, Let's go wide again, just so I can see what I am doing from a decent vantage point. Now there is a couple of regions that remain a little bit too bright in my opinion, so I will increase the size of my cursor slightly and drag up like that in order to continue that shadow from the nose over a little. And again, that looks like I might have gone too far, this is the way things work when you're brushing with these tools.

So I will press Ctrl+Shift+F, Command+ Shift+F on the Mac, reduce the Opacity to 50%, press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac, and then may be brush up into this region, definitely went too far that time. So press Ctrl+Shift+F or Command+Shift+F on the Mac. Let's try 30% and see if that works. That looks actually pretty good. Then I will click OK in order to accept that change. You can reverse the effect a little by using the opposite tool. So I'm feeling like that area is a little bit too dark, so I will switch from the Burn tool back to the Dodge tool, and I'll just give it a click right at that location, and that brightens things up in the way I like.

So technically, it's a destructive modification to work back and forth that way. Now you have to be realistic as well. So going back and forth a little bit doesn't hurt, and now I'd like to reintroduce some texture in this area. So I'll switch over to my Standard Healing Brush tool and I will Alt+Click or Option+Click in the left-hand cheek in order to lift some of that porous detail. And this time, I am going to switch the mode from Normal to Screen, so that I brighten up the details because I don't really want to introduce too much darkness, and I will click right about there with a fairly large brush, in order to add some texture.

And so this was before that click, and this is after. So in addition to adding a little bit of texture below the eye, I also went ahead and changed out the texture a little bit as you can see, so this is before and this is after, but it ultimately makes for a more even transition, and that's at least one way to employ the Dodge and Burn tools very judiciously here inside Photoshop.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals
Photoshop CS6 One-on-One: Fundamentals

100 video lessons · 56427 viewers

Deke McClelland
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 19m 15s
    1. Welcome to One-on-One
      2m 27s
    2. Opening from the Windows desktop
      4m 7s
    3. Opening from the Macintosh Finder
      4m 9s
    4. Opening from Photoshop or Bridge
      2m 45s
    5. Opening an image from Mini Bridge
      1m 16s
    6. Opening through Camera Raw
      2m 32s
    7. Closing one image and Closing All
      1m 59s
  2. 38m 14s
    1. Navigating your image
      40s
    2. The dark vs. the light interface
      3m 12s
    3. Navigating tabs and windows
      4m 32s
    4. Panels and workspaces
      4m 27s
    5. Zooming incrementally
      4m 29s
    6. Zooming continuously
      2m 43s
    7. Entering a custom zoom value
      2m 25s
    8. Scrolling and panning images
      2m 31s
    9. Rotating and resetting the view
      2m 11s
    10. Cycling between screen modes
      3m 10s
    11. Using the Navigator panel
      3m 38s
    12. Adjusting a few screen prefs
      4m 16s
  3. 45m 58s
    1. Digital imaging fundamentals
      1m 45s
    2. Image size and resolution
      3m 3s
    3. The Image Size command
      3m 27s
    4. Common resolution standards
      3m 20s
    5. Upsampling vs. real pixels
      4m 36s
    6. Changing the print size
      6m 16s
    7. Downsampling for print
      4m 12s
    8. Downsampling for email
      3m 11s
    9. The interpolation settings
      5m 22s
    10. Downsampling advice
      4m 36s
    11. Upsampling advice
      6m 10s
  4. 53m 17s
    1. The layered composition
      1m 40s
    2. Introducing the Layers panel
      4m 12s
    3. Adding, scaling, and aligning layers
      5m 27s
    4. Dragging and dropping layers
      4m 36s
    5. Stack, reveal, and rename
      2m 58s
    6. Opacity, history, and blend mode
      6m 5s
    7. Duplicating a selected portion of a layer
      5m 32s
    8. Applying a clipping mask
      3m 58s
    9. Blending inside a clipping mask
      4m 10s
    10. Finishing off your artwork
      3m 13s
    11. Creating a new layer and background
      4m 24s
    12. Layering tips and tricks
      7m 2s
  5. 26m 19s
    1. The art of saving
      54s
    2. Four things to know about saving
      6m 0s
    3. Saving layers to PSD
      6m 38s
    4. Saving print images to TIFF
      4m 48s
    5. Saving an interactive image to PNG
      3m 41s
    6. Saving a flat photo to JPEG
      4m 18s
  6. 19m 36s
    1. Honing in on your image
      1m 43s
    2. The new and improved Crop tool
      3m 35s
    3. Editing your last crop
      3m 1s
    4. Straightening a crooked image
      2m 29s
    5. Filling in missing details
      6m 44s
    6. Using the Perspective Crop tool
      2m 4s
  7. 42m 6s
    1. First, there is brightness
      2m 12s
    2. How luminance works
      4m 18s
    3. The three Auto commands
      3m 27s
    4. Automatic brightness and contrast
      3m 19s
    5. The Brightness/Contrast command
      2m 47s
    6. The dynamic adjustment layer
      4m 5s
    7. Editing adjustment layers
      3m 52s
    8. Isolating an adjustment with a layer mask
      3m 31s
    9. Introducing the histogram
      4m 58s
    10. Measuring an adjustment
      3m 34s
    11. Using the Shadows/Highlights command
      6m 3s
  8. 44m 33s
    1. And second, there is color
      1m 31s
    2. Identifying a color cast
      3m 34s
    3. Correcting a color cast automatically
      3m 57s
    4. Changing the color balance
      6m 10s
    5. Compensating with Photo Filter
      3m 11s
    6. Adjusting color intensity with Vibrance
      3m 29s
    7. Correcting color cast in Camera Raw
      5m 46s
    8. The Hue/Saturation command
      5m 26s
    9. Summoning colors where none exist
      4m 8s
    10. Making more color with Vibrance
      4m 27s
    11. Making a quick-and-dirty sepia tone
      2m 54s
  9. 55m 46s
    1. Making selective modifications
      1m 10s
    2. The geometric Marquee tools
      6m 1s
    3. Aligning one image element to another
      4m 59s
    4. The freeform Lasso tools
      3m 59s
    5. Polygonal Lasso tool and Quick Mask
      5m 19s
    6. Cropping one selection inside another
      6m 15s
    7. Creating rays of light
      4m 44s
    8. Quick Selection and Similar
      4m 11s
    9. Making it better with Refine Edge
      4m 56s
    10. Integrating image elements
      2m 39s
    11. Magic Wand and Grow
      5m 17s
    12. Refine, integrate, and complete
      6m 16s
  10. 53m 49s
    1. Your best face forward
      1m 0s
    2. Content-Aware Fill
      6m 11s
    3. Using the Spot Healing Brush
      5m 36s
    4. The more capable "standard" Healing Brush
      5m 55s
    5. Meet the Clone Source panel
      3m 53s
    6. Caps Lock and Fade
      4m 57s
    7. The Dodge and Burn tools
      5m 1s
    8. Adjusting color with the Brush tool
      6m 35s
    9. Smoothing skin textures
      5m 58s
    10. Brightening teeth
      4m 0s
    11. Intensifying eyes
      4m 43s
  11. 51s
    1. Goodbye
      51s

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