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As you've already started to discover the Basic panel and the adjustments that we have in this panel, well they are just magic. This is where we can really make our images come to life, whether we need to make corrections or enhancements to our photographs. Before we actually start to take a look at how we can use these controls, what I want to do here in this movie is step back for a moment and modify this demo file that I have opened, so that we can understand how these controls actually work. Now the group of controls that we're focusing in on is this middle group here.
You notice that at the top we have the ability to add an Auto adjustment, or we can use the Default settings. At Default, all of these controls are zeroed out. Click and drag one to the left and it becomes more dark, click and drag to the right and it becomes brighter, and this is true with all of the controls except for Contrast. To reset a control you can double-click the tab and it will go back to that default zero setting. All right! Well, what about Auto? We've already seen that we can turn that on, by pressing Cmd+U on a Mac or Ctrl+U on Windows, or we can just click on this icon. In doing that the difference between Auto and Default is that Auto is trying to smooth out some of the transitions a little bit.
You can see that the image has a little bit less contrast. It's bringing some light into the shadows. Well how is it doing this? Let's go back to Default and see if we can understand the process. Well, Exposure as I already showed you, this is a really dramatic. We can darken everything, or we can brighten everything. This slider here, it's incredibly powerful. Therefore in a way, we need to be a little bit careful with it, because we can overdo it with this adjustment. Next, we've Contrast. Click and drag to the right and our whites become whiter, our blacks become blacker.
We have increased contrast which in turn will also increase color Saturation. We'll see that later. Click and drag to the left, where we have less variation, it's a softer view here. All right! Well how else can we do this? We can also work with these controls, Highlights, Shadows, Whites, Blacks. Notice that these controls are really related to each other. Highlights and Whites are really similar, as are Shadows and Blacks. Yet Whites and Blacks are a bit more intense than our Highlights and say Shadows.
We can use the Highlight slider to either brighten up the highlights, you can see how it's focusing in on this part of the grayscale here, or we can recover highlight detail if we've over exposed by clicking and dragging this to the left. The same thing is true with our Shadows. If we need to kind of boost the Shadows as if we had a fill light or reflector, we can do that by dragging to the right or if we want to darken kind of those mid-range shadows, those 3/4 Tones, we can click and drag that down. Our Whites give us a little bit more reach here. You can see how I can brighten up those Whites, where I also can darken those.
So again, this works a little bit more broadly where Highlights really focuses more on these brighter tones. Next we have Blacks, those are our deep shadows, we can darken them up or we can brighten them. All right! Well now that we've seen how we could use these controls say on a demo file, a grayscale document, let's explore how we can start to use these controls in some functional scenarios. Let's say if we have a photograph which is over- or under-exposed, or maybe we have a few situations where our exposure is good, it's just that we want to make it even better.
Well let's take a look at how we can do all of that in the next few movies.
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