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In this exercise, I'm going to introduce you to yet another advantage to working with Smart Objects. This feature doesn't really have a name, not that Adobe has given it, anyway that's why I call it true clones and the idea is that Smart Objects allow you to create multiple copies of a layer that are all linked to a single original, so if you update the original, all of the clones will update in kind. So, I'm working inside of this image called Bob image shack.psd and it has a layer of editable text that reads, Bob's Image Shack. Now, let's say that I want to repeat this text over and over again, a total of eight times inside of this composition to create a repeating watermark and I want this watermark to be sufficiently flexible that if I decide to change the font or any of the formatting treatments or I even decide to change the company name, then all of my watermarks will update in kind.
Let's imagine I work with a bunch of different clients, all of whom require watermarks from me. So, what we're going to do here is the very first step, before you make a single copy of anything, you need to convert it to a Smart Object, so click on that type layer right there to make it active and then go to the Layers panel flyout menu and choose Convert to Smart Object, if you loaded Deke keys, you have got keyboard shortcut of Ctrl+Comma or Command+Comma on the Mac and that gives us the single smart object right there, now because today it's Bob's Image Shack, tomorrow it might be somebody else, I'm going to go ahead and rename this layer, company, like so.
All right, the next step is to begin repeating this text throughout the composition, in order to make sure that all of my text is exactly aligned because I want three repetitions of the text on the left-hand side, three on the right-hand side and two in the middle. To make sure that I have the proper alignment going, I'm going to set up some center guides inside of my composition that means I need to know exactly where the center of this image is. I have a Background layer which is great because that tells me exactly how big the canvas is, the background is no bigger and no smaller than the canvas, so I can use it in order to glean where the center point is and you do this by the way using a sequence of keyboard shortcuts that spell out for better or worse, the word RAT, so here's how it goes.
You should press Ctrl or Command+R, so that's Ctrl+R on the PC, Command+R on a Mac, to bring up the Rulers, then you press Ctrl or Command+A, in order to select the entire image and then you press ctrl or Command+T, in order to enter the Free Transform mode. Then when I'm going to transform this background image at all, we'll just try and find the center point as indicated by default when you enter the Free Transform mode by this transformation origin, right there on this dude's hand. All right, now what I need to do is drag out some guidelines, one vertical guide and one horizontal guide that snap into alignment with that target and then I'll press the Escape key because I'm done, I don't need to do anything else inside that Free Transform mode and I'll press Ctrl or Command+D, in order to deselect the image.
Now, if you're no longer seeing your guidelines, that can happen, you see them for a moment and then they disappear, what you need to do is turn your guides on so that you can see them and that keyboard shortcut is Ctrl or Command+Semicolon, if you prefer you can just go to the View menu, choose Show and then choose Guides to turn them on. All right, but mine are already on, so I'll just Escape out of that menu. Now, the next step is to go ahead and repeat this text right here, so I'll click on the company layer to make it active. What I'd like to be able to do is take advantage of that step and repeat free transform option, which is Ctrl+ Alt+T or Command+Option+T on a Mac.
Unfortunately, it doesn't work with Smart Objects; you don't have a step and repeat option, so we're going to have to work a little more manually here. We're still going to work with free transform however. So, first thing I'm going to do, this is going to seem a little weird, but it's just the best way to work because it allows you to have numerical control over what you're doing. I'm going to grab the origin point appear at the intersection of the two rulers, in the upper left-hand corner of my image and I'm going to drag that origin point down, so it snaps into alignment with the center of the image, so the 00 point is now right there in the center.
Now with the company layer active, I'll go ahead and press Ctrl+T or Command+T on a Mac, in order to invoke the Free Transform mode. You'll also want to make sure that your Delta is off, so we're not looking for relative positioning anymore, because if you turn delta on, you're just going to bizarre increments, this is if it's already been moved when you're working with a smart object. Why that is, I'm not really sure, but anyway go ahead and turn Delta off and what we're going to do is ignore the X-value because its horizontal placement is fine, the Y-value is what we want to change and I'm going to change that Y-value.
First of all, I'm going to make sure that the center point is selected inside this reference point matrix here, on left-hand side of the Options Bar and then change that Y-value to zero and press the Tab key and what should happen is you should exactly center that text on the horizontal guideline. All right, then just go ahead and accept that modification, press the Enter key a couple of times or Return key a couple of times on the Mac and you will properly position that first bit of text. We don't have any step and repeat options with Smart Objects. So what we've to do is go ahead and create a copy of this layer by pressing Ctrl+J or Command+J on a Mac.
Now, I don't want a bunch of copies after my company names like this, so I'm going to change the name of this layer just to company, nothing else, just like so, so that every single one of the layers is called company. I'm also going to go up for the time being anyway, to the Layers panel flyout menu and I'm going to choose panel Options and I'm going to turn off this Add copy to Copied layers and Groups check box, this is new to Photoshop CS5 by the way and we'll discontinue the creation of copy after our new layers, click OK. And the next thing I want to do is, I want to move this guy back up to where it goes, so I'll press Ctrl+T, Command+T on a Mac, in order to once again invoke the Free Transform mode and I'll drag it up like so, I will just drag while pressing the Shift key, so that I'm constraining the drag to exactly vertical like so and then I'll take a look at what my Y-value is turning out to be here and it's telling me that it's negative 553, well you know what, I'm going to be able to remember this lot better, if I just make it negative 550.
There it is negative 550, I want to assign that to the very temporary part of my memory and I'll go ahead and press the Enter key a couple of times or the Return key a couple of times on the Mac, in order to accept that modification. Now then, let's take that company layer again, the bottom one, press Ctrl+J to make a copy of it, Command+J on a Mac, I'll click on the bottom layer, I'm just doing this so that I know that the top company layer is at the top of the image, the middle company layer is right here in the middle and the bottom one here will be at the bottom. As soon as I press Ctrl+T with it selected, Command+T on a Mac, go up to this Y-value and change it to 550, instead of negative 550, it's going to be positive 550 that knocks it off my screen here, but if I Spacebar+Drag it, we can see there it is down there and so it's exactly spaced, in other words where it needs to be.
Both of these Bob's Image Shack, one at the top and one at the bottom are by are equidistant from the one in the center. All right, so I'll press the Enter key again in order to accept that modification, the Return key on a Mac and we have three, now true clones of that original bob's image shack layer, all of which are linked to a single original. In the next exercise, I'll show you how to take these three layers here, create new clones of them over on the right-hand side using a Double Flip technique.
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