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In this movie, I am going to show you how to use the next filter in the Blur Gallery, which is Iris Blur, and along the way, we are going to turn this version of the Wall Street Bull into this final composition. So if you're working along with me, make sure to press Ctrl+D or Command+D on a Mac so that the entire image is deselected. Switch back to Wall Street Bull layer, press Ctrl+A or Command+A on the Mac to select the entire thing, and then press Ctrl+Alt+J or Command+Option+J to jump in to a new layer. And I'm going to name this layer "bull" and then press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac and drag the bull layer above the backdrop layer.
All right, now let's load that selection again, by switching to the Channels panel and pressing the Ctrl key or the Command key on a Mac and clicking on that refine edge channel. Notice, by the way, that this channel has a keyboard shortcut of Ctrl+7 or Command+7 on the Mac. Another way to load the selection outline would be to add the Alt or Option key, so you could press Ctrl+Alt+7 or Command+Option+7 on the Mac. Now switch back to the Layers panel and then go up to the Filter menu, choose Blur, and choose Iris Blur to bring up the Blur Gallery.
Now, the idea behind the Iris Blur is that you have the central portion of focus right there. So the pin this time represents the area of the image that is in focus. I am going to move it to the center of the bull's face. I'm also going to drop the Blur value down to 10 pixels, and that determines how blurry everything outside of this elliptical perimeter becomes. These points right there--notice them, these white dots--they represent the area that is in focus. So this entire area right here remains in focus, and then the focus declines between the dots and the perimeter of the ellipse.
I am going to make the ellipse bigger all the way around, by dragging directly on that ellipse, and then if you want to change the shape of the ellipse, you drag on one of these square points. So I am going to drag on this one here in order to make the ellipse wider, like so. And I am also going to drag up on the one at the bottom to make the ellipse a little bit shorter. If you want to change the angle of the ellipse, move your cursor slightly beyond that point. In my case, I have got my cursor just to the right of the ellipse, and I will drag upward, like so. You can also change the roundness of the ellipse by dragging on this diamond right here in the upper-right region. And so I am going to drag it out so that I have more of a rounded- corner rectangle, as opposed to, strictly speaking, an ellipse.
Now if you want to change the size of the area that's in focus, you drag one of these white circles. And I'm going to drag it inward like so, to about this location, so that the lowest circle is below the animal's chin. You can also move each one of the dots independently by Alt or Option dragging it. So I will go ahead and Alt+Drag or Option+Drag this one to the animal's rib cage right there. I'll Alt+Drag or Option+Drag the left circle over to the bull's shoulder, and then I will Alt+Drag or Option+Drag the top circle to just above his head.
So this area now, this entire region there that I am tracing, becomes the area that's in focus, and then the other stuff gradually declines in focus, all the way to that rounded corner perimeter. All right, now I am going to change the selection bleed. It's not going to make a huge difference, but I am going to go ahead and raise it to its maximum setting of 100% so the area outside of the bull is bleeding into the hooves and into the horn. All right, so that should do it. Now I don't want any kind of bokeh, so I am going to turn that checkbox off and then I will click OK in order to apply my change.
Now, I want to mask my bull, so I'll drop down to the Add Layer Mask icon and I will click on it, and that will convert the selection outline into a layer mask. Now I want to add a little bit of a glow, so I will drop down to that original Smart Object once again. I will press Ctrl+A or Command+A on the Mac, and I will press Ctrl+Alt+J or Command+Option+J on the Mac and call this new layer glow, and then I will drag it to above the bull layer. This time we don't need a selection, so I will just press Ctrl+Alt+F or Command+Option+F on the Mac to bring back up my last settings. And the only change I want to make is to add some bokeh.
So I am going to turn on the Bokeh checkbox, and I am going to change the Light Bokeh setting to 25%, and I'll take the Bokeh Color value up to 100%. And finally, I will reduce that first light range value to 30, and I will take the last Light Range value down to 215, in order to create this effect here. Now, in the case of this layer, I want everything to be slightly blurred, so right now the area beyond the rounded-rectangle perimeter has a Blur Radius of 10 pixels. I am going to go up to this Focus value right there and reduce it to 50% so that we have the equivalent of 10 divided by two, that is, five pixels' worth of blur right there in the center. And now I will click OK in order to accept a modification.
Now we need to convert this layer into a glow, and I'll do that by going to the Blend Mode pop-up menu here in the upper-left corner of the Layers panel, and I will change the mode from Normal to Soft Light, and we will end up achieving this effect here. Now, we're getting too much contrast out of the effect, so we need to reduce the contrast of all the layers below the glow layer by clicking on the bull layer. And then you want to press the Alt key or the Option key on the Mac, click the black/white icon, and choose Levels--or if you loaded DekeKeys, you could just press Ctrl+Shift+L or Command+Shift+L on the Mac.
I will go ahead and call this new layer "low contrast" and then press the Enter key or the Return key on the Mac. And I am going to select that first Output levels value and press Shift+Up Arrow three times in a row to change the value to 30. Then I will tab to the second value and press Shift+Down Arrow four times in a row to reduce it to 215. And then finally, I'll Shift+Tab my way back to the Gamma value and I will press Shift+Up Arrow in order to change it to 1.1, and now I will go ahead and hide the Properties panel. All right, now I have gone ahead and created a couple of adjustment layers in advance.
The first is this layer called B&W, which is a Channel Mixer layer. And if I double-click on the layers thumbnail, you can see the values that I have entered. So I have gone ahead and turned on the Monochrome checkbox of course, because I want a black-and-white image. The I set Red to 42, Green to 50, Blue to 20, and it's a total of 112, which I have to work out where the histogram is concerned, and then just make sure I add some nice rich blacks, I took the Constant value down to -2. Next, we have got this Gradient Map layer. I will go ahead and turn it on and select the layer. And this gradient, by the way, is a variation of one of those gradients I created for you a few chapters back, specifically the gradient called Plate finish.
All right, I will go ahead and hide the Properties panel and that is the final version of the effect, folks. And just to see how far we've come, I will go ahead and scroll down my Layers panel and Alt+Click or Option+Click on the eyeball in front of the Wall Street Bull layer. So this is the original version of the image and if I Alt+Click or Option+Click again, this is the final composition, thanks to a combination of Field Blur and Iris Blur working together here inside Photoshop.
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