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Here is another way we can use a type mask. Let's say we have some type in our composition and we want to use the letter shapes, the space inside those shapes, to apply some sort of effect to the image. I am going to hold down my Command or Ctrl key and click on the type layer. That will load the selection for that layer. I am now going to turn off the visibility of the type layer and then come to the image layer, where we see now just the active selection. I am going to run a couple of filters on this, but before I do so, I am going to convert this layer to a Smart Object, so that these filters remain editable and so that it's a non-destructive edit.
So I am going to come to the Filter menu and I am going to choose Convert for Smart Filters. I will see this message, and I will OK that. Now I can come to my Filter Gallery, and I am going to start out by adding a bit of film grain. That will just give some texture to it, and then I am going to add an additional filter to that. It's always nice to add these filters in combination so that you end up with something unique, rather than something that's cookie-cutter. So I will now come down to the Texture group, and we will have some stained glass. Just adjust the cell size there, maybe reduce the border thickness, and then click OK.
So there is my Stained Glass effect, and look how it's been applied. It's been applied as a Smart Filter layer. My active selection derived from Command+Clicking on the text layer has become my layer mask applied to that filter layer. So we were effectively only seeing the filter in the shape of the letters, and if I disable that layer mask by holding down my Shift key and clicking on it, we see that were that not there, that effect would be applied to the whole layer. Now because this is a Smart Filter, we can turn it on and off, we could double-click on this badge right here, and we could adjust the Blending options of it--maybe we want to use Multiply instead of Normal as the Blending mode.
We could also, if we wanted to adjust the amount of a filter that's been applied, double-click on Filter Gallery. Now there is one slightly disconcerting thing about doing that. When you do that it shows you the filter as being applied to the whole layer without the filter mask being factored in to the equation. Just sort of look beyond that if you can. So if I make cell size there five and then click OK, that change has now taken effect and the layer mask, or specifically the filter mask, is still operational.
So that's a nice way of applying filters to a text selection and having it be a nondestructive edit.
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