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Next we're going to add crenelations to the walls of the castle but before we do that let's take a minute to revise the concept sketch to make it better match the perspective drawing. When we did the setup for the file to do the perspective drawing I encouraged you to keep the castle on a separate layer exactly for this reason. Select the layer with your castle concept on it. Let's Zoom In here for a closer look. On this sketch, the crenelations above the doorway are too high and not matching the guidelines.
Lasso around the offending area, press Cmd or Ctrl+J to copy that area into a new layer and distort it to match the guides. Merge the two layers together. Then patch the tops of the side bastions by Cmd+Option+Shift, or Ctrl+Alt+Shift, dragging the selection to copy it up.
If you didn't think about perspective while doing your concept sketch, that's fine, since the concept sketch is just to get your ideas down. However, that can result in castles that don't match the perspective drawing at all. If your castle is like that, you may want to spend some additional time at this point distorting your castle walls to match the right and left vanishing points and correcting any elements that no longer match. With a modest investment of time, you can keep your concept sketch relevant to your perspective drawing while you're working on it.
That's good enough. Let's start adding the crenelations. Add a new layer called flat crenelations. We need to create a flat version of our crenelations that are not in perspective, and rely on Photoshop to place them in our project in perspective. Find an area on your drawing that isn't covered by your castle to use as a work area. Draw one side of your crenelation. You can make the shape as complex and interesting as you want, since we'll rely on Photoshop to do the duplication for us.
Lasso around the half crenelation and Cmd+Option+Shift or Ctrl+Alt+Shift, drag the selection to duplicate it. Then, transform it negative 100% horizontally to get a perfect negative copy. Take a moment to get the copy position exactly where you need it. You can use the right and left arrow keys to make one pixel adjustments to the position. You may want to Zoom In to make sure you don't have a little gap at the top.
I'm pressing the E key to access the Eraser and then refining the shape. We'll be using this over and over, so get it clean and precise. I think I made the shape too wide, so I use the Transform key to make it pointier and cleaned up those ends again with the Lasso tool. Lasso around the completed crenelation and scoot it over to make a second one. Take a moment to get this space exactly as you want it.
The distance between all the crenelations will be determined by this first set. Again, use that right and left arrow key to adjust the spacing. Lasso around both new crenelations and Option+Alt drag them so that the first crenelation exactly covers the last. Press Cmd or Ctrl+H to hide the selection. You need to delete the overlapping crenelation in order to keep all of the lines a similar weight. So Lasso around the area of the duplicate crenelation while holding down on the Option or Alt key.
That removes the duplicate crenelation from the selection. Lasso around the three crenelations, and go through that process again. Not forgetting to delete the overlapping crenelation by holding down the Option or Alt key. Select the five crenelations, and do the same thing. Select them all again. This need to be moved to the left to give us more room. And duplicate them once again.
It's worth taking your time to get these duplicated precisely since we'll be using this element over and over again. Let's Zoom Out and see if we've got enough. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17. I'm going to add three more to make this an even 20. That should work fine. We're going to use this flat crenelation to add crenelations in perspective to all our walls in the next lesson.
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